Job 38:36
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Who gives the ibis wisdom or gives the rooster understanding?

New Living Translation
Who gives intuition to the heart and instinct to the mind?

English Standard Version
Who has put wisdom in the inward parts or given understanding to the mind?

New American Standard Bible
"Who has put wisdom in the innermost being Or given understanding to the mind?

King James Bible
Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given understanding to the heart?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Who put wisdom in the heart or gave the mind understanding?

International Standard Version
"Who sets wisdom within you, or imbues your mind with understanding?

NET Bible
Who has put wisdom in the heart, or has imparted understanding to the mind?

New Heart English Bible
Who has put wisdom in the inward parts? Or who has given understanding to the mind?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Who put wisdom in the heart or gave understanding to the mind?

JPS Tanakh 1917
Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? Or who hath given understanding to the mind?

New American Standard 1977
“Who has put wisdom in the innermost being,
            Or has given understanding to the mind?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Who put wisdom in the inward parts? Or who gave intelligence to understanding?

King James 2000 Bible
Who has put wisdom in the inward parts? or who has given understanding to the heart?

American King James Version
Who has put wisdom in the inward parts? or who has given understanding to the heart?

American Standard Version
Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? Or who hath given understanding to the mind?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who hath put wisdom in the heart of man? or who gave the cock understanding?

Darby Bible Translation
Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given understanding to the mind?

English Revised Version
Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given understanding to the mind?

Webster's Bible Translation
Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given understanding to the heart?

World English Bible
Who has put wisdom in the inward parts? Or who has given understanding to the mind?

Young's Literal Translation
Who hath put in the inward parts wisdom? Or who hath given To the covered part understanding?
Study Bible
God Challenges Job
35"Can you send forth lightnings that they may go And say to you, 'Here we are'? 36"Who has put wisdom in the innermost being Or given understanding to the mind? 37"Who can count the clouds by wisdom, Or tip the water jars of the heavens,…
Cross References
Job 9:4
"Wise in heart and mighty in strength, Who has defied Him without harm?

Job 12:13
"With Him are wisdom and might; To Him belong counsel and understanding.

Job 32:8
"But it is a spirit in man, And the breath of the Almighty gives them understanding.

Psalm 51:6
Behold, You desire truth in the innermost being, And in the hidden part You will make me know wisdom.

Ecclesiastes 2:26
For to a person who is good in His sight He has given wisdom and knowledge and joy, while to the sinner He has given the task of gathering and collecting so that he may give to one who is good in God's sight. This too is vanity and striving after wind.
Treasury of Scripture

Who has put wisdom in the inward parts? or who has given understanding to the heart?

Who hath put

Job 32:8 But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty …

Psalm 51:6 Behold, you desire truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part …

Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD gives wisdom: out of his mouth comes knowledge and understanding.

Ecclesiastes 2:26 For God gives to a man that is good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, …

James 1:5,17 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that gives to all …

who hath given

Exodus 31:3 And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, …

Exodus 36:1,2 Then worked Bezaleel and Aholiab, and every wise hearted man…

Isaiah 28:26 For his God does instruct him to discretion, and does teach him.

(36) Wisdom in the inward parts.--The mention of the inward parts and the heart here, in the midst of natural phenomena, perplexes every one; but it is a natural solution to refer them to the lightnings personified: "Who hath put such understanding in their inward parts?"

Verse 36. - Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? Some refer this to human wisdom, and understand the Almighty as asking - Who has put man's wisdom into his inward parts? literally, into his kidneys, or as our idiom would express it, "into his heart." But there is great difficulty in supposing a sudden transition from clouds and lightning in vers. 34, 35 to the human understanding in ver. 36, with a return to clouds and rain in ver. 37. Hence many of the best critics understand ver. 36 of the purpose and intelligence that may be regarded as existing in the clouds and rain and lightning themselves, which are God's ministers, and run to and fro at his command, and execute his pleasure. (So Schultens, Rosenmuller, Professor Lee, and Professer Stanley Leathes.) To obtain this result, we must translate the word טוּחות By "tempest" or "thunder-belts," and the word שׂכוי, in the next clause, by "storm n or something similar (see the Revised Version, where "dark clouds" is suggested as an alternative for "inward parts'" and "meteor" as an alternative for "heart"). The whole passage will then run thus: Who hath put wisdom in the thunderbolts? or who hath given understanding to the tempest? Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts?.... That is, of man, in his heart, as explained in the next clause; such wisdom as to guide the stars, know the ordinances of heaven, set their dominion on earth, manage and direct the clouds and lightning; no such wisdom is put in man:

or who hath, given understanding to the heart? to understand all the above things, and answer to the several questions put in this chapter; though, as these clauses may respect much one and the same thing, they may be understood of wisdom and understanding in man, whether natural or spiritual; and seeing they are found there, the question is, who put them there, or how came they there? who gave them to him? the answer must be, God himself, and no other; man has his rational soul, his intellectual powers, the light of nature and reason in him; all his understanding in arts and sciences, trades and manufactures, is of the Lord, and not of himself or another, see Job 32:8; all spiritual wisdom and understanding which lies in a man's concern for his eternal welfare in the knowledge of himself, and of his state and condition by nature, and of the way of life and salvation by Christ, and of the truths and doctrines of the Gospel, is all of God and Christ, and by the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him; no man, therefore, has any reason to glory in his wisdom and knowledge, of whatsoever kind, as though he had not received it; nor should he dare to arraign the wisdom of God in his providential dealings with men; since he that teaches man knowledge must needs know better than man how to govern the world he has made, and dispose of all things in it. The last clause is in the Vulgate Latin rendered, "who hath given to the cock understanding?" and so the Targums and other Jewish writers (p) interpret it; and they observe (q), that in Arabia a cock is called by the word that is here used; and in their morning prayers, and at hearing a cock crow (r),

"Blessed be the Lord, who giveth to the cock understanding to distinguish between the day and the night:''

but however remarkable the understanding of this creature is, which God has given it, and which is even taken notice of by Heathen writers (s); that it should know the stars, distinguish the hours of the night by crowing, and express its joy at the rising of the sun and moon; yet such a sense of the text seems impertinent, as well as that of the Septuagint version, of giving to women the wisdom and knowledge of weaving and embroidery.

(p) Jarchi, Ramban, Simeon Bar. Tzemach. (q) Vajikra Rabba, s. 25. fol. 166. 1. Vid. T. Roshhashanah, fol. 26. 1.((r) Seder Tephillot. fol. 2. 2. Ed. Basil. & Bab. Beracot, fol. 60. 2.((s) Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 10. c. 21. Aelian. de Animal. l. 4. c. 29. 36. inward parts … heart—But "dark clouds" ("shining phenomena") [Umbreit]; "meteor" [Maurer], referring to the consultation of these as signs of weather by the husbandman (Ec 11:4). But Hebrew supports English Version. The connection is, "Who hath given thee the intelligence to comprehend in any degree the phenomena just specified?"

heart—not the usual Hebrew word, but one from a root "to view"; perception.38:25-41 Hitherto God had put questions to Job to show him his ignorance; now God shows his weakness. As it is but little that he knows, he ought not to arraign the Divine counsels; it is but little he can do, therefore he ought not to oppose the ways of Providence. See the all-sufficiency of the Divine Providence; it has wherewithal to satisfy the desire of every living thing. And he that takes care of the young ravens, certainly will not be wanting to his people. This being but one instance of the Divine compassion out of many, gives us occasion to think how much good our God does, every day, beyond what we are aware of. Every view we take of his infinite perfections, should remind us of his right to our love, the evil of sinning against him, and our need of his mercy and salvation.
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Alphabetical: being endowed gave given has heart in innermost mind or put the to understanding Who wisdom with

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