Job 32:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But it is the spirit in a person, the breath of the Almighty, that gives them understanding.

New Living Translation
But there is a spirit within people, the breath of the Almighty within them, that makes them intelligent.

English Standard Version
But it is the spirit in man, the breath of the Almighty, that makes him understand.

New American Standard Bible
"But it is a spirit in man, And the breath of the Almighty gives them understanding.

King James Bible
But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But it is a spirit in man and the breath of the Almighty that give him understanding.

International Standard Version
However, a spirit exists in mankind, and the Almighty's breath gives him insight.

NET Bible
But it is a spirit in people, the breath of the Almighty, that makes them understand.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
However, there is in humans a Spirit, the breath of the Almighty, that gives them understanding.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Certainly there is a spirit in man, and the inspiration of the Almighty gives them understanding.

King James 2000 Bible
But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty gives him understanding.

American King James Version
But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty gives them understanding.

American Standard Version
But there is a spirit in man, And the breath of the Almighty giveth them understanding.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But, as I see, there is a spirit in men, and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth understanding.

Darby Bible Translation
But there is a spirit which is in man; and the breath of the Almighty giveth them understanding.

English Revised Version
But there is a spirit in man, and the breath of the Almighty giveth them understanding.

Webster's Bible Translation
But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.

World English Bible
But there is a spirit in man, and the breath of the Almighty gives them understanding.

Young's Literal Translation
Surely a spirit is in man, And the breath of the Mighty One Doth cause them to understand.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

32:6-14 Elihu professes to speak by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, and corrects both parties. He allowed that those who had the longest experience should speak first. But God gives wisdom as he pleases; this encouraged him to state his opinion. By attention to the word of God, and dependence upon the Holy Spirit, young men may become wiser than the aged; but this wisdom will render them swift to hear, slow to speak, and disposed to give others a patient hearing.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 8. - But there is a spirit in man. But, after all, it is not mere age and experience that make men wise and able to teach others. "There is a spirit in man" (see Genesis 2:7); and it is according as this spirit is or is not enlightened from on high that men speak words of wisdom or the contrary. The inspiration of the Almighty - this it is, which - giveth them understanding. And such inspiration it is in the power of God to bestow, as he pleases, on the old or on the young, on the great of the earth, or on those of small reputation. Hence Elihu's conclusion -

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But there is a spirit in man,.... This seems to be a correction of his former sentiment; the consideration of which gave him encouragement, though young, to declare his opinion, since there is a spirit in men, both young and old; and wherever that be, there is an ability to speak and a capacity of teaching wisdom; which is not tied to age; but may he found in young men as well as in old men: some by this understand the rational soul, or spirit, which is immaterial, immortal, is of God, and is in man; and the rather it is thought this is meant, because it is in every man, whereby he has knowledge of many things, natural and divine, and particularly is capable of trying and judging things, of discerning the difference between one thing and another, and of reasoning and discoursing upon them; and this being observed by Elihu, and he being conscious to himself of having such a spirit in him, was emboldened to engage in the debate, though a young man; but if such a spirit is meant, the words may be rendered to such a sense, verily, truly, indeed "there is such a rational spirit in man", which makes him capable of knowing many things, "but the inspiration of the Almighty", &c. (p); it is not owing to the rational powers and faculties of the soul of man, and the use of them, that a man becomes capable of teaching others wisdom; but to his soul or spirit being inspired by the Almighty; and such an one, be he young or old, that God breathes into, and he is under his inspiration, he is the man fit to engage in such work: though I rather think, that in this first clause the spirit of God is meant, and so Jarchi; who is an uncreated, infinite, and eternal Spirit; is of God, and is put into men; for he is not in men naturally, nor in everyone; and where he is, he is given, and there he abides; and it is from him men have their wisdom and knowledge; it is he that makes men know themselves, that searches the deep things of God, and reveals them to men, and that is the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Christ, and leads into all truth, as it is in him; though rather the spirit in his gifts, than in his spiritual saving grace, is here meant; and so does not point to every good man in common, but to such who are favoured with the gifts of the spirit superior to others; and so the Targum interprets it of the spirit of prophecy; and on whomsoever this rests, whether on young or old, he is fit to teach men wisdom:

and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding; not the soul of man, or breath of God inspired by him, which is the candle of the Lord, searching the inward parts of men; for that leaves him without understanding of things of the greatest importance: rather, as the Targum, the Word of God, the essential Word, the Son of God, who gives an understanding of the best things, 1 John 5:20; but, better, the Spirit of God, by whom the Scriptures were inspired, and who is breathed into men, John 20:22; and is a spirit of understanding to them; for though a man has an understanding of natural things, yet not of things spiritual; to have an understanding of them is the special gift of God, and is in particular the work of the Spirit of God: Elihu now having some reason to believe that he had the Spirit of God, and was under his inspiration, and was favoured with knowledge and understanding by him, is encouraged, though young, to interpose in this dispute between Job and his friends, and declare his opinion on the matter in debate; and which leads him to make an observation somewhat different from his former sentiment, as follows.

(p) So Vatablus, Beza.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

8. Elihu claims inspiration, as a divinely commissioned messenger to Job (Job 33:6, 23); and that claim is not contradicted in Job 42:4, 5. Translate: "But the spirit (which God puts) in man, and the inspiration … is that which giveth," &c.; it is not mere "years" which give understanding (Pr 2:6; Joh 20:22).

Job 32:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
Elihu Rebukes Job's Three Friends
7"I thought age should speak, And increased years should teach wisdom. 8"But it is a spirit in man, And the breath of the Almighty gives them understanding. 9"The abundant in years may not be wise, Nor may elders understand justice.…
Cross References
Genesis 41:38
So Pharaoh asked them, "Can we find anyone like this man, one in whom is the spirit of God?"

Job 12:13
"To God belong wisdom and power; counsel and understanding are his.

Job 27:3
as long as I have life within me, the breath of God in my nostrils,

Job 33:4
The Spirit of God has made me; the breath of the Almighty gives me life.

Job 38:36
Who gives the ibis wisdom or gives the rooster understanding?

Proverbs 2:6
For the LORD gives wisdom; from his mouth come knowledge and understanding.

Ecclesiastes 2:26
To the person who pleases him, God gives wisdom, knowledge and happiness, but to the sinner he gives the task of gathering and storing up wealth to hand it over to the one who pleases God. This too is meaningless, a chasing after the wind.

Daniel 1:17
To these four young men God gave knowledge and understanding of all kinds of literature and learning. And Daniel could understand visions and dreams of all kinds.
Treasury of Scripture

But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty gives them understanding.

the inspiration

Job 4:12-21 Now a thing was secretly brought to me, and my ear received a little thereof…

Job 33:16 Then he opens the ears of men, and seals their instruction,

Job 35:11 Who teaches us more than the beasts of the earth, and makes us wiser …

Job 38:36 Who has put wisdom in the inward parts? or who has given understanding …

Genesis 41:39 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, For as much as God has showed you all …

1 Kings 3:12,28 Behold, I have done according to your words: see, I have given you …

1 Kings 4:29 And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and …

Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD gives wisdom: out of his mouth comes knowledge and understanding.

Ecclesiastes 2:26 For God gives to a man that is good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, …

Daniel 1:17 As for these four children, God gave them knowledge and skill in …

Daniel 2:21 And he changes the times and the seasons: he removes kings, and sets …

1 Corinthians 2:10-12 But God has revealed them to us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searches …

1 Corinthians 12:8 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another …

2 Timothy 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for …

James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that gives to all …

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