Job 31:39
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New International Version
if I have devoured its yield without payment or broken the spirit of its tenants,

New Living Translation
or if I have stolen its crops or murdered its owners,

English Standard Version
if I have eaten its yield without payment and made its owners breathe their last,

New American Standard Bible
If I have eaten its fruit without money, Or have caused its owners to lose their lives,

King James Bible
If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
if I have consumed its produce without payment or shown contempt for its tenants,

International Standard Version
If I've consumed its produce without paying for it and snuffed out the life of its owners;

NET Bible
if I have eaten its produce without paying, or caused the death of its owners,

New Heart English Bible
if I have eaten its fruits without money, or have caused its owners to lose their life,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If I have eaten its produce without paying for it and made its owners breathe their last,

JPS Tanakh 1917
If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, Or have caused the tillers thereof to be disappointed--

New American Standard 1977
If I have eaten its fruit without money,
            Or have caused its owners to lose their lives,

Jubilee Bible 2000
if I ate of its strength without money or have afflicted the soul of its owners;

King James 2000 Bible
If I have eaten its fruit without payment, or have caused its owners to lose their life:

American King James Version
If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:

American Standard Version
If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, Or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:

Douay-Rheims Bible
If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, and have afflicted the soul of the tillers thereof:

Darby Bible Translation
If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, and have tormented to death the souls of its owners:

English Revised Version
If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:

Webster's Bible Translation
If I have eaten the fruits of it without money, or have caused its owners to lose their life:

World English Bible
if I have eaten its fruits without money, or have caused its owners to lose their life,

Young's Literal Translation
If its strength I consumed without money, And the life of its possessors, I have caused to breathe out,
Study Bible
Job's Final Appeal
38"If my land cries out against me, And its furrows weep together; 39If I have eaten its fruit without money, Or have caused its owners to lose their lives, 40Let briars grow instead of wheat, And stinkweed instead of barley." The words of Job are ended.…
Cross References
James 5:4
Look, the wages you withheld from the workmen who mowed your fields are crying out against you. The cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord of Hosts.

1 Kings 21:19
"You shall speak to him, saying, 'Thus says the LORD, "Have you murdered and also taken possession?"' And you shall speak to him, saying, 'Thus says the LORD, "In the place where the dogs licked up the blood of Naboth the dogs will lick up your blood, even yours."'"

Job 24:6
"They harvest their fodder in the field And glean the vineyard of the wicked.

Job 24:10
"They cause the poor to go about naked without clothing, And they take away the sheaves from the hungry.
Treasury of Scripture

If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:

fruits. Heb. strength

Genesis 4:12 When you till the ground, it shall not from now on yield to you her …

caused the owners thereof to lose their life. Heb. caused the soul of the owners thereof to expire, or breathe out

1 Kings 21:13-16,19 And there came in two men, children of Belial, and sat before him: …

Proverbs 1:19 So are the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; which takes …

Isaiah 26:21 For, behold, the LORD comes out of his place to punish the inhabitants …

Ezekiel 22:6,12,13 Behold, the princes of Israel, every one were in you to their power …

Verse 39. - If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money; i.e. without acquiring a title to them by purchase. Or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life. Either by actual violence or by depriving them of the means of support (see the comment on Job 29:13). Job had been accused of robbery and oppression both by Zophar (Job 20:12-19) and Eliphaz (Job 22:5-9). He had not, however, been accused of actual murder. If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money,.... Or, "the strength thereof without silver" (b); see Genesis 4:12, silver being the money chiefly in use in those times. Job's meaning is, that he ate not anything of the fruits and increase of his own land, without having paid for the same, which he would have done, if he had got his land out of the hands of the rightful owners of it, by deceit or violence; or if he had not paid his workmen for ploughing, sowing, reaping, &c. or if he had demanded the fruits of the earth of his tenants, to whom he had let out his farms, without giving them a proper price for them:

or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life; as Jezebel caused Naboth to lose his, who was the original proprietor, that Ahab might possess it, 1 Kings 21:7; or it may signify tenants, to whom Job rented out fields, but did not starve them by renting them under hard leases, or lands on hard terms, so that they could not live upon them; or it may design the tillers of the land, as Jarchi and Bar Tzemach; those that wrought in it, the servants that were employed in ploughing, &c. to whom wages were due, and who had not too hard labour imposed upon them, to the endangering of their lives; or he did not "afflict and grieve" (c) them, as some versions; or make their lives bitter, through hard bondage and service, as the Israelites in Egypt.

(b) "robur ejus", Montanus, Bolducius, Mercerus, Drusius; "vim ejus", Junius & Tremellius, Cocceius, Michaelis, Schultens; "sine, vel absque argento", Mercer, Drusius, Cocceius, Michaelis, Schultens.

(c) "afflixi", V. L. "dolore affeci", Pagninus; so Broughton. 39. lose … life—not literally, but "harassed to death"; until he gave me up his land gratis [Maurer]; as in Jud 16:16; "suffered him to languish" by taking away his means of living [Umbreit] (1Ki 21:19).31:33-40 Job clears himself from the charge of hypocrisy. We are loth to confess our faults, willing to excuse them, and to lay the blame upon others. But he that thus covers his sins, shall not prosper, Pr 28:13. He speaks of his courage in what is good, as an evidence of his sincerity in it. When men get estates unjustly, they are justly deprived of comfort from them; it was sown wheat, but shall come up thistles. What men do not come honestly by, will never do them any good. The words of Job are ended. They end with a bold assertion, that, with respect to accusation against his moral and religious character as the cause for his sufferings, he could appeal to God. But, however confident Job was, we shall see he was mistaken, chap. 40:4,5; 1Jo 1:8. Let us all judge ourselves; wherein we are guilty, let us seek forgiveness in that blood which cleanseth from all sin; and may the Lord have mercy upon us, and write his laws in our hearts!
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