Proverbs 14:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Whoever oppresses the poor shows contempt for their Maker, but whoever is kind to the needy honors God.

New Living Translation
Those who oppress the poor insult their Maker, but helping the poor honors him.

English Standard Version
Whoever oppresses a poor man insults his Maker, but he who is generous to the needy honors him.

New American Standard Bible
He who oppresses the poor taunts his Maker, But he who is gracious to the needy honors Him.

King James Bible
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The one who oppresses the poor person insults his Maker, but one who is kind to the needy honors Him.

International Standard Version
Whoever oppresses the poor defies their Creator, but whoever is kind to the needy honors them.

NET Bible
The one who oppresses the poor insults his Creator, but whoever shows favor to the needy honors him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He that oppresses the poor is very evil; he angers him who made him; he that honors Lord Jehovah shows mercy upon the afflicted.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Whoever oppresses the poor insults his maker, but whoever is kind to the needy honors him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He that oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker, but he that has mercy on the poor, honours him.

King James 2000 Bible
He that oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker: but he that honors him has mercy on the poor.

American King James Version
He that oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker: but he that honors him has mercy on the poor.

American Standard Version
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker; But he that hath mercy on the needy honoreth him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that oppresseth the poor, upbraideth his Maker: but he that hath pity on the poor, honoureth him.

Darby Bible Translation
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker; but he that honoureth Him is gracious to the needy.

English Revised Version
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that hath mercy on the needy honoureth him.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoreth him hath mercy on the poor.

World English Bible
He who oppresses the poor shows contempt for his Maker, but he who is kind to the needy honors him.

Young's Literal Translation
An oppressor of the poor reproacheth his Maker, And whoso is honouring Him Is favouring the needy.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

14:18. Sin is the shame of sinners; but wisdom is the honour of the wise. 19. Even bad men acknowledge the excellency of God's people. 20. Friendship in the world is governed by self-interest. It is good to have God our Friend; he will not desert us. 21. To despise a man for his employment or appearance is a sin. 22. How wisely those consult their own interest, who not only do good, but devise it! 23. Labour of the head, or of the hand, will turn to some good account. But if men's religion runs all out in talk and noise, they will come to nothing. 24. The riches of men of wisdom and piety enlarge their usefulness. 25. An upright man will venture the displeasure of the greatest, to bring truth to light. 26,27. Those who fear the Lord so as to obey and serve him, have a strong ground of confidence, and will be preserved. Let us seek to this Fountain of life, that we may escape the snares of death. 28. Let all that wish well to the kingdom of Christ, do what they can, that many may be added to his church. 29. A mild, patient man is one that learns of Christ, who is Wisdom itself. Unbridled passion is folly made known. 30. An upright, contented, and benevolent mind, tends to health. 31. To oppress the poor is to reproach our Creator. 32. The wicked man has his soul forced from him; he dies in his sins, under the guilt and power of them. But godly men, though they have pain and some dread of death, have the blessed hope, which God, who cannot lie, has given them. 33. Wisdom possesses the heart, and thus regulates the affections and tempers. 34. Piety and holiness always promote industry, sobriety, and honesty. 35. The great King who reigns over heaven and earth, will reward faithful servants who honour his gospel by the proper discharge of the duties of their stations: he despises not the services of the lowest.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 31. - He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker, even God. who hath placed men in their several conditions (Proverbs 17:5; Proverbs 22:2). "The poor shall never cease out of the land" (Deuteronomy 15:11); "The poor ye have always with you," said Christ (Matthew 26:11); therefore to harass and oppress the poor because he is in this lowly condition, is virtually to arraign the providence of God, who is the Father of all, and has made all men brothers, however differing in worldly position. Christ puts the duty of aiding the poor on the high ground of his solidarity with his people (Matthew 25:40, 45), how that in ministering unto the least of these his brethren men are ministering unto him. "Prosperity and adversity, life and death, poverty and riches, come of the Lord" (Ecclus. 11:14). Even the heathen could say -

Ἀεὶ νομίζονθ οἱ πένητες τῶν Θεῶν.

Deem ever that the poor are God's own gift." Septuagint, "He that calumniates (συκοφανῶν; calumniatur, Vulgate) the poor angers him who made him." This version refers to oppression of the poor by means of calumny or false and frivolous accusation. But he that honoureth him - the Lord - hath mercy on the poor; or, better, he that hath mercy upon the poor honoureth him; for he shows that he has proper regard to God's ordinance, acts on high motives, and is not led astray by worldly considerations. Christ himself has consecrated poverty by coming in low estate (2 Corinthians 8:9), and they who love and honour him are glad to minister to his brethren in their poverty and distress (comp. James 1:27).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker,.... That does him any injury, either by scoffing at him, and reproaching him for his poverty; or by vexatious law suits; or by withholding from him his wages; or not giving him that relief which he ought: such an one not only injures the poor man; but reproaches God that made him, not only a man, but a poor man; and who is the Maker of the rich man also, Proverbs 22:2;

but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor; he that is desirous of honouring God, and glorifying him, will give of his substance to the poor; having compassion on him in his necessitous circumstances, will relieve him; and in so doing he honours God, whose image the poor man bears, and who has commanded him so to do. The words may be rendered, "he that hath mercy on the poor honoureth him"; that is, his Maker: so the Targum,

"he that hath mercy on him that suffers injury honoureth him.''

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

31. reproacheth his Maker—who is the God of such, as well as of the rich (Pr 22:2; Job 31:15; and specially 1Sa 2:8; Ps 113:7).

Proverbs 14:31 Additional Commentaries
Context
Every Wise Woman Builds Her House
30A tranquil heart is life to the body, But passion is rottenness to the bones. 31He who oppresses the poor taunts his Maker, But he who is gracious to the needy honors Him. 32The wicked is thrust down by his wrongdoing, But the righteous has a refuge when he dies.…
Cross References
Matthew 25:40
"The King will reply, 'Truly I tell you, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers and sisters of mine, you did for me.'

1 John 3:17
If anyone has material possessions and sees a brother or sister in need but has no pity on them, how can the love of God be in that person?

Leviticus 25:17
Do not take advantage of each other, but fear your God. I am the LORD your God.

Deuteronomy 24:14
Do not take advantage of a hired worker who is poor and needy, whether that worker is a fellow Israelite or a foreigner residing in one of your towns.

Job 24:4
They thrust the needy from the path and force all the poor of the land into hiding.

Job 31:15
Did not he who made me in the womb make them? Did not the same one form us both within our mothers?

Proverbs 17:5
Whoever mocks the poor shows contempt for their Maker; whoever gloats over disaster will not go unpunished.

Proverbs 19:17
Whoever is kind to the poor lends to the LORD, and he will reward them for what they have done.

Proverbs 22:2
Rich and poor have this in common: The LORD is the Maker of them all.

Proverbs 28:8
Whoever increases wealth by taking interest or profit from the poor amasses it for another, who will be kind to the poor.
Treasury of Scripture

He that oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker: but he that honors him has mercy on the poor.

that oppresseth

Proverbs 17:5 Whoever mocks the poor reproaches his Maker: and he that is glad …

Proverbs 22:2,16,22,23 The rich and poor meet together: the LORD is the maker of them all…

Job 31:13-16 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, …

Psalm 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now …

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of …

Matthew 25:40-46 And the King shall answer and say to them, Truly I say to you, Inasmuch …

but

Proverbs 14:21 He that despises his neighbor sins: but he that has mercy on the …

Proverbs 19:17 He that has pity on the poor lends to the LORD; and that which he …

Matthew 25:40 And the King shall answer and say to them, Truly I say to you, Inasmuch …

John 12:8 For the poor always you have with you; but me you have not always.

2 Corinthians 8:7-9 Therefore, as you abound in every thing, in faith, and utterance, …

1 John 3:17-21 But whoever has this world's good, and sees his brother have need, …

1 John 4:21 And this commandment have we from him, That he who loves God love …

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