Proverbs 14:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Whoever oppresses a poor man insults his Maker, but he who is generous to the needy honors him.

King James Bible
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.

American Standard Version
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker; But he that hath mercy on the needy honoreth him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that oppresseth the poor, upbraideth his Maker: but he that hath pity on the poor, honoureth him.

English Revised Version
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that hath mercy on the needy honoureth him.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoreth him hath mercy on the poor.

Proverbs 14:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

25 A witness of truth delivereth souls;

     But he who breathes out lies is nothing but deception.

When men, in consequence of false suspicions or of false accusations, fall into danger of their lives (דיני נפשׁות is the designation in the later language of the law of a criminal process), then a tongue which, pressed by conscientiousness and not deterred by cowardice, will utter the truth, saves them. But a false tongue, which as such (vid., Proverbs 14:5) is a יפח כזבים (after the Masora at this place ויפח, defective), i.e., is one who breathes out lies (vid., regarding יפיח at Proverbs 6:19), is mere deception (lxx, without reading מרמּה [as Hitzig does]: δόλιος). In Proverbs 12:17 מרמה is to be interpreted as the object. accus. of יגיד carried forward, but here to carry forward מצּיל (Arama, Lwenstein) is impracticable - for to deliver deceit equals the deceiver is not expressed in the Hebr. - מרמה is, as possibly also Hebrews 12:16 (lxx δόλιος), without אישׁ or עד being supplied, the pred. of the substantival clause: such an one is deception (in bad Latin, dolositas), for he who utters forth lies against better knowledge must have a malevolent, deceitful purpose.

Proverbs 14:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

that oppresseth

Proverbs 17:5 Whoever mocks the poor reproaches his Maker: and he that is glad at calamities shall not be unpunished.

Proverbs 22:2,16,22,23 The rich and poor meet together: the LORD is the maker of them all...

Job 31:13-16 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me...

Psalm 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, said the LORD...

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter...

Matthew 25:40-46 And the King shall answer and say to them, Truly I say to you, Inasmuch as you have done it to one of the least of these my brothers...

but

Proverbs 14:21 He that despises his neighbor sins: but he that has mercy on the poor, happy is he.

Proverbs 19:17 He that has pity on the poor lends to the LORD; and that which he has given will he pay him again.

Matthew 25:40 And the King shall answer and say to them, Truly I say to you, Inasmuch as you have done it to one of the least of these my brothers...

John 12:8 For the poor always you have with you; but me you have not always.

2 Corinthians 8:7-9 Therefore, as you abound in every thing, in faith, and utterance, and knowledge, and in all diligence, and in your love to us...

1 John 3:17-21 But whoever has this world's good, and sees his brother have need, and shuts up his bowels of compassion from him...

1 John 4:21 And this commandment have we from him, That he who loves God love his brother also.

Cross References
Matthew 25:40
And the King will answer them, 'Truly, I say to you, as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you did it to me.'

1 John 3:17
But if anyone has the world's goods and sees his brother in need, yet closes his heart against him, how does God's love abide in him?

Leviticus 25:17
You shall not wrong one another, but you shall fear your God, for I am the LORD your God.

Deuteronomy 24:14
"You shall not oppress a hired worker who is poor and needy, whether he is one of your brothers or one of the sojourners who are in your land within your towns.

Job 24:4
They thrust the poor off the road; the poor of the earth all hide themselves.

Job 31:15
Did not he who made me in the womb make him? And did not one fashion us in the womb?

Proverbs 17:5
Whoever mocks the poor insults his Maker; he who is glad at calamity will not go unpunished.

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