Proverbs 14:30
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
A tranquil heart gives life to the flesh, but envy makes the bones rot.

King James Bible
A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

American Standard Version
A tranquil heart is the life of the flesh; But envy is the rottenness of the bones.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Soundness of heart is the life of the flesh: but envy is the rottenness of the bones.

English Revised Version
A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy is the rottenness of the bones.

Webster's Bible Translation
A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

Proverbs 14:30 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

24 It is a crown to the wise when they are rich;

     But the folly of fools remains folly.

From Proverbs 12:4, 31; Proverbs 17:6, we see that עטרת חכמים is the predicate. Thus it is the riches of the wise of which it is said that they are a crown or an ornament to them. More than this is said, if with Hitzig we read, after the lxx, ערמם, their prudence, instead of עשׁרם. For then the meaning would be, that the wise need no other crown than that which they have in their prudence. But yet far more appropriately "riches" are called the crown of a wise man when they come to his wisdom; for it is truly thus that riches, when they are possessed along with wisdom, contribute not a little to heighten its influence and power, and not merely because they adorn in their appearance like a crown, or, as we say, surround as with a golden frame, but because they afford a variety of means and occasions for self-manifestation which are denied to the poor. By this interpretation of 24a, 24b comes out also into the light, without our requiring to correct the first אוּלת, or to render it in an unusual sense. The lxx and Syr. translate the first אולת by διατριβή (by a circumlocution), the Targ. by gloria, fame - we know not how they reach this. Schultens in his Com. renders: crassa opulentia elumbium crassities, but in his Animadversiones he combines the first אולת with the Arab. awwale, precedence, which Gesen. approves of. But although the meaning to be thick (properly coalescere) appertains to the verbal stem אול as well as the meaning to be before (Arab. âl, âwila, wâl), yet the Hebr. אוּלת always and everywhere means only folly,

(Note: Ewald's derivation of אויל from און equals אוין, null, vain, is not much better than Heidenheim's from אולי: one who says "perhaps" equals a sceptic, vid., p. 59, note.)

from the fundamental idea crassities (thickness). Hitzig's אוּלת (which denotes the consequence with which the fool invests himself) we do not accept, because this word is Hitzig's own invention. Rather לוית is to be expected: the crown with which fools adorn themselves is folly. But the sentence: the folly of fools is (and remains) folly (Symmachus, Jerome, Venet., Luther), needs the emendation as little as Proverbs 16:22, for, interpreted in connection with 24a, it denotes that while wisdom is adorned and raised up by riches, folly on the other hand remains, even when connected with riches, always the same, without being either thereby veiled or removed - on the contrary, the fool, when he is rich, exhibits his follies always more and more. C. B. Michaelis compares Lucian's simia est simia etiamsi aurea gestet insignia.

Proverbs 14:30 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sound

Proverbs 4:23 Keep your heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.

Psalm 119:80 Let my heart be sound in your statutes; that I be not ashamed.

2 Timothy 1:7 For God has not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.

envy

Job 5:2 For wrath kills the foolish man, and envy slays the silly one.

Psalm 112:10 The wicked shall see it, and be grieved; he shall gnash with his teeth, and melt away: the desire of the wicked shall perish.

Acts 7:9 And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him,

Romans 1:29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder...

James 4:5 Do you think that the scripture said in vain, The spirit that dwells in us lusts to envy?

rottenness

Proverbs 3:8 It shall be health to your navel, and marrow to your bones.

Proverbs 12:4 A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that makes ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

Proverbs 17:22 A merry heart does good like a medicine: but a broken spirit dries the bones.

Cross References
Proverbs 12:4
An excellent wife is the crown of her husband, but she who brings shame is like rottenness in his bones.

Proverbs 15:13
A glad heart makes a cheerful face, but by sorrow of heart the spirit is crushed.

Habakkuk 3:16
I hear, and my body trembles; my lips quiver at the sound; rottenness enters into my bones; my legs tremble beneath me. Yet I will quietly wait for the day of trouble to come upon people who invade us.

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