Proverbs 14:30
Parallel Verses
New International Version
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones.

New Living Translation
A peaceful heart leads to a healthy body; jealousy is like cancer in the bones.

English Standard Version
A tranquil heart gives life to the flesh, but envy makes the bones rot.

New American Standard Bible
A tranquil heart is life to the body, But passion is rottenness to the bones.

King James Bible
A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A tranquil heart is life to the body, but jealousy is rottenness to the bones.

International Standard Version
A tranquil mind brings life to one's body, but jealousy causes one's bones to rot.

NET Bible
A tranquil spirit revives the body, but envy is rottenness to the bones.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He that cools his anger is a healer of his heart, and envy is the decay of the bones.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A tranquil heart makes for a healthy body, but jealousy is [like] bone cancer.

Jubilee Bible 2000
A sound heart is life to the flesh, but envy is rottenness of the bones.

King James 2000 Bible
A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

American King James Version
A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

American Standard Version
A tranquil heart is the life of the flesh; But envy is the rottenness of the bones.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Soundness of heart is the life of the flesh: but envy is the rottenness of the bones.

Darby Bible Translation
A sound heart is the life of the flesh; but envy the rottenness of the bones.

English Revised Version
A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy is the rottenness of the bones.

Webster's Bible Translation
A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

World English Bible
The life of the body is a heart at peace, but envy rots the bones.

Young's Literal Translation
A healed heart is life to the flesh, And rottenness to the bones is envy.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

14:18. Sin is the shame of sinners; but wisdom is the honour of the wise. 19. Even bad men acknowledge the excellency of God's people. 20. Friendship in the world is governed by self-interest. It is good to have God our Friend; he will not desert us. 21. To despise a man for his employment or appearance is a sin. 22. How wisely those consult their own interest, who not only do good, but devise it! 23. Labour of the head, or of the hand, will turn to some good account. But if men's religion runs all out in talk and noise, they will come to nothing. 24. The riches of men of wisdom and piety enlarge their usefulness. 25. An upright man will venture the displeasure of the greatest, to bring truth to light. 26,27. Those who fear the Lord so as to obey and serve him, have a strong ground of confidence, and will be preserved. Let us seek to this Fountain of life, that we may escape the snares of death. 28. Let all that wish well to the kingdom of Christ, do what they can, that many may be added to his church. 29. A mild, patient man is one that learns of Christ, who is Wisdom itself. Unbridled passion is folly made known. 30. An upright, contented, and benevolent mind, tends to health. 31. To oppress the poor is to reproach our Creator. 32. The wicked man has his soul forced from him; he dies in his sins, under the guilt and power of them. But godly men, though they have pain and some dread of death, have the blessed hope, which God, who cannot lie, has given them. 33. Wisdom possesses the heart, and thus regulates the affections and tempers. 34. Piety and holiness always promote industry, sobriety, and honesty. 35. The great King who reigns over heaven and earth, will reward faithful servants who honour his gospel by the proper discharge of the duties of their stations: he despises not the services of the lowest.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 30. - A sound heart is the life of the flesh. The heart that is healthy, morally and physically, spreads its beneficent influence over the whole body in all its functions and relations; this is expressed by the word for "flesh" (besarim), being in the plural number, as the Vulgate renders, vita carnium, but the contrast is better developed by taking מרפא in its other signification of "calm," "gentle," "meek," as Ecclesiastes 10:4. Thus the Septuagint, "The man of gentle mind (πραυ'´θυμος) is the physician of the heart." The tranquil, well controlled heart gives health and vigor to the whole frame (see on Proverbs 15:4). But envy is the rottenness of the bones (Proverbs 12:4). Envy, like a canker, eats away a man's life and strength; it tells on his physical as well as his moral condition. We hays parallel expressions in classical authors. Thus Horace, 'Epist.,' 1:257 -

"Invidus alterius macrescit rebus opimis." Martial, 'Epigr.,' 5:28 -

"Rubiginosis cuncta dentibus rodit;
Hominem malignum forsan esse tu credas,
Ego esse miserum credo, cui placet nemo."
Bengal proverb, "In seeing another's wealth it is not good to have the eyes smart." Arabic. "Envy is a raging fever, and has no rest" (Lane). "O invidia," cries St. Jerome ('Epist.,' 45), "primum mordax tui." "When the foul sore of envy corrupts the vanquished heart," says St. Gregory ('Moral.,' 5:85). "the very exterior itself shows how forcibly the mind is urged by madness. For paleness seizes the complexion, the eyes are weighed down, the spirit is inflamed, while the limbs are chilled, there is frenzy in the heart, there is gnashing with the teeth, and while the growing bate is buried in the depths of the heart, the pent wound works into the conscience with a blind grief" Septuagint, "A sensitive heart (καρδία αἰσθητική) is a worm (σής) in the bones." A heart that feels too acutely and is easily affected by external circumstances, prepares for itself constant vexation and grief.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

A sound heart is the life of the flesh,.... A heart made so by the grace of God, in which are sound principles of truth, righteousness, and holiness; these preserve from sin, and so from many diseases; whereby the life of the flesh or body is kept safe and sound, or that is kept in health and vigour; or a "quiet heart" (h); a heart free from wrath, anger, and envy, and such like passions and perturbations; this contributes much to the health of the body, and the comfort of life: or a "healing heart", or "spirit" (i); that is humane, kind, and friendly; that pities and heals the distresses of others, and makes up differences between persons at variance: such an one is "the life of fleshes" (k), as in the original text; or of men, of the same flesh and blood; the life of others, as well as of his own flesh; such an one contributes to the comfortable living of others as well as of himself;

but envy the rottenness of the bones; a man that envies the happiness and prosperity of others, this preys upon his own spirits, and not only wastes his flesh, but weakens and consumes the stronger parts of his body, the bones; it is as a "moth" within him, as the Arabic version: the Targum is,

"as rottenness in wood, so is envy in the bones;''

hence Ovid (l) calls it "livor edax", and so Martial (m).

(h) "cor leve", Baynus; "cor lene", Mercerus; "cor lenitatis", Gejerus, so Ben Melech. (i) "Animus sanans", Junius & Tremellius, so the Tigurine version; "sanator", Gussetius, p. 800. (k) "vitae carnium", Montanus; "vita carnium", V. L. Pagninus, Michaelis. (l) Amorum, l. 1. Eleg. 15. v. 1. & de Remed. Amor. l. 1. in fine. (m) Epigr. l. 11. Ephesians 21.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

30. A sound heart—both literally and figuratively, a source of health; in the latter sense, opposed to the known effect of evil passions on health.

Proverbs 14:30 Additional Commentaries
Context
Every Wise Woman Builds Her House
29He who is slow to anger has great understanding, But he who is quick-tempered exalts folly. 30A tranquil heart is life to the body, But passion is rottenness to the bones. 31He who oppresses the poor taunts his Maker, But he who is gracious to the needy honors Him.…
Cross References
Proverbs 12:4
A wife of noble character is her husband's crown, but a disgraceful wife is like decay in his bones.

Proverbs 15:13
A happy heart makes the face cheerful, but heartache crushes the spirit.

Habakkuk 3:16
I heard and my heart pounded, my lips quivered at the sound; decay crept into my bones, and my legs trembled. Yet I will wait patiently for the day of calamity to come on the nation invading us.
Treasury of Scripture

A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

sound

Proverbs 4:23 Keep your heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.

Psalm 119:80 Let my heart be sound in your statutes; that I be not ashamed.

2 Timothy 1:7 For God has not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of …

envy

Job 5:2 For wrath kills the foolish man, and envy slays the silly one.

Psalm 112:10 The wicked shall see it, and be grieved; he shall gnash with his …

Acts 7:9 And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but …

Romans 1:29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, …

James 4:5 Do you think that the scripture said in vain, The spirit that dwells …

rottenness

Proverbs 3:8 It shall be health to your navel, and marrow to your bones.

Proverbs 12:4 A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that makes ashamed …

Proverbs 17:22 A merry heart does good like a medicine: but a broken spirit dries the bones.

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