Ephesians 4:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Get rid of all bitterness, rage and anger, brawling and slander, along with every form of malice.

New Living Translation
Get rid of all bitterness, rage, anger, harsh words, and slander, as well as all types of evil behavior.

English Standard Version
Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and clamor and slander be put away from you, along with all malice.

New American Standard Bible
Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and clamor and slander be put away from you, along with all malice.

King James Bible
Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
All bitterness, anger and wrath, shouting and slander must be removed from you, along with all malice.

International Standard Version
Let all bitterness, wrath, anger, quarreling, and slander be put away from you, along with all hatred.

NET Bible
You must put away every kind of bitterness, anger, wrath, quarreling, and evil, slanderous talk.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Let all bitterness, fury, rage, clamor, and insults be taken away from you with all wickedness,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Get rid of your bitterness, hot tempers, anger, loud quarreling, cursing, and hatred.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and clamour and evil speaking be taken away from you, with all malice,

King James 2000 Bible
Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:

American King James Version
Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:

American Standard Version
Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and railing, be put away from you, with all malice:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let all bitterness, and anger, and indignation, and clamour, and blasphemy, be put away from you, with all malice.

Darby Bible Translation
Let all bitterness, and heat of passion, and wrath, and clamour, and injurious language, be removed from you, with all malice;

English Revised Version
Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and railing, be put away from you, with all malice:

Webster's Bible Translation
Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and evil-speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:

Weymouth New Testament
Let all bitterness and all passionate feeling, all anger and loud insulting language, be unknown among you--and also every kind of malice.

World English Bible
Let all bitterness, wrath, anger, outcry, and slander, be put away from you, with all malice.

Young's Literal Translation
Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil-speaking, be put away from you, with all malice,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:29-32 Filthy words proceed from corruption in the speaker, and they corrupt the minds and manners of those who hear them: Christians should beware of all such discourse. It is the duty of Christians to seek, by the blessing of God, to bring persons to think seriously, and to encourage and warn believers by their conversation. Be ye kind one to another. This sets forth the principle of love in the heart, and the outward expression of it, in a humble, courteous behaviour. Mark how God's forgiveness causes us to forgive. God forgives us, though we had no cause to sin against him. We must forgive, as he has forgiven us. All lying, and corrupt communications, that stir up evil desires and lusts, grieve the Spirit of God. Corrupt passions of bitterness, wrath, anger, clamour, evil-speaking, and malice, grieve the Holy Spirit. Provoke not the holy, blessed Spirit of God to withdraw his presence and his gracious influences. The body will be redeemed from the power of the grave at the resurrection day. Wherever that blessed Spirit dwells as a Sanctifier, he is the earnest of all the joys and glories of that redemption day; and we should be undone, should God take away his Holy Spirit from us.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 31. - Let all bitterness; not only in speech, but in mind, disposition, habit. And wrath and anger; nearly synonymous, but perhaps" wrath" is equivalent to the tumultuous excited state of mind, out of which comes anger, the settled feeling of dislike and enmity. And clamor and evil-speaking be put away from you; "clamor," equivalent to the loud noise of strife, the excited shouting down of opponents; "evil-speaking," the more deliberate habit of running down their character, exciting an evil feeling against them in the minds of others. With all malice; equivalent to wishing evil, whether in a more pronounced or in a latent and half-conscious form, whether expressing itself in the way of coarse malediction or lurking in a corner of the heart, as an evil spirit of which we should be ashamed; all are rags of the old man, as disgraceful to Christians as literal rags to a man of position; utterly unworthy of the regenerated child of God. Chrysostom, rather fancifully, treats them as a genealogy: "Bitterness bred wrath, wrath anger, anger clamor, clamor evil-speaking, which is railing."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Let all bitterness,.... These words are a dehortation from several vices good men are liable to, by which the Spirit of God is grieved: "bitterness" sometimes designs the corruption of nature, which is the gall of bitterness, and bond of iniquity; and sometimes actual sins and transgressions, even those of God's own people, which are evil and bitter things; and sometimes heretical doctrines, which are roots of bitterness; and sometimes sinful words spoken by the saints, one against another; and here perhaps it signifies, the first offence taken in the mind, against any person, upon any account, which should at once be put away, and not encouraged:

and wrath: heat of spirit, which follows upon bitterness, or upon the spirit being embittered and offended; see Ezekiel 3:14.

And anger; a sinful one, cautioned against before, Ephesians 4:26.

And clamour and evil speaking; such as brawlings, contentions, contumelies, reproaches, slanders, &c. arising from an embittered, wrathful, and angry disposition: these should all

be put away from you, with all malice; being the deeds of the old man, unbecoming such as are born again, and grieving to the Spirit of God.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

31. bitterness—both of spirit and of speech: opposed to "kind."

wrath—passion for a time: opposed to "tender-hearted." Whence Bengel translates for "wrath," harshness.

anger—lasting resentment: opposed to "forgiving one another."

clamour—compared by Chrysostom to a horse carrying anger for its rider: "Bridle the horse, and you dismount its rider." "Bitterness" begets "wrath"; "wrath," "anger"; "anger," "clamor"; and "clamor," the more chronic "evil-speaking," slander, insinuations, and surmises of evil. "Malice" is the secret root of all: "fires fed within, and not appearing to by-standers from without, are the most formidable" [Chrysostom].

Ephesians 4:31 Additional Commentaries
Context
Living as Children of Light
30Do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. 31Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and clamor and slander be put away from you, along with all malice. 32Be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving each other, just as God in Christ also has forgiven you.
Cross References
Psalm 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret--it leads only to evil.

Romans 3:14
"Their mouths are full of cursing and bitterness."

Ephesians 4:22
You were taught, with regard to your former way of life, to put off your old self, which is being corrupted by its deceitful desires;

Ephesians 4:25
Therefore each of you must put off falsehood and speak truthfully to your neighbor, for we are all members of one body.

Colossians 3:8
But now you must also rid yourselves of all such things as these: anger, rage, malice, slander, and filthy language from your lips.

Colossians 3:19
Husbands, love your wives and do not be harsh with them.

1 Peter 2:1
Therefore, rid yourselves of all malice and all deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and slander of every kind.
Treasury of Scripture

Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:

bitterness.

Psalm 64:3 Who whet their tongue like a sword, and bend their bows to shoot …

Romans 3:14 Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness:

Colossians 3:8,19 But now you also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, …

James 3:14,15 But if you have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, …

wrath.

Ephesians 4:26 Be you angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down on your wrath:

Proverbs 14:17 He that is soon angry deals foolishly: and a man of wicked devices is hated.

Proverbs 19:12 The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favor is as …

Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not hasty in your spirit to be angry: for anger rests in the bosom of fools.

2 Corinthians 12:20 For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, …

Galatians 5:20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, jealousies, wrath, strife, …

Colossians 3:8 But now you also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, …

2 Timothy 2:23 But foolish and unlearned questions avoid, knowing that they do engender …

Titus 1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not self-willed, …

James 1:19 Why, my beloved brothers, let every man be swift to hear, slow to …

James 3:14-18 But if you have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, …

James 4:1,2 From where come wars and fights among you? come they not hence, even …

clamour.

2 Samuel 19:43 And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, We have …

2 Samuel 20:1,2 And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, …

Proverbs 29:9,22 If a wise man contends with a foolish man, whether he rage or laugh, …

Acts 19:28,29 And when they heard these sayings, they were full of wrath, and cried …

Acts 21:30 And all the city was moved, and the people ran together: and they …

Acts 22:22,23 And they gave him audience to this word, and then lifted up their …

1 Timothy 3:3 Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, …

1 Timothy 6:4,5 He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes …

evil speaking.

Leviticus 19:16 You shall not go up and down as a talebearer among your people: neither …

2 Samuel 19:27 And he has slandered your servant to my lord the king; but my lord …

Psalm 15:3 He that backbites not with his tongue, nor does evil to his neighbor, …

Psalm 50:20 You sit and speak against your brother; you slander your own mother's son.

Psalm 101:5 Whoever privately slanders his neighbor, him will I cut off: him …

Psalm 140:11 Let not an evil speaker be established in the earth: evil shall hunt …

Proverbs 6:19 A false witness that speaks lies, and he that sows discord among brothers.

Proverbs 10:18 He that hides hatred with lying lips, and he that utters a slander, is a fool.

Proverbs 18:8 The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and they go down into the …

Proverbs 25:23 The north wind drives away rain: so does an angry countenance a backbiting …

Proverbs 26:20 Where no wood is, there the fire goes out: so where there is no talebearer, …

Jeremiah 6:28 They are all grievous rebels, walking with slanders: they are brass …

Jeremiah 9:4 Take you heed every one of his neighbor, and trust you not in any …

Romans 1:29,30 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, …

1 Timothy 3:11 Even so must their wives be grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful …

1 Timothy 5:13 And with they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; …

2 Timothy 3:3 Without natural affection, truce breakers, false accusers, incontinent, …

Titus 2:3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behavior as becomes holiness, …

Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, showing all …

James 4:11 Speak not evil one of another, brothers. He that speaks evil of his …

1 Peter 2:1 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and …

2 Peter 2:10,11 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, …

Jude 1:8-10 Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, …

Revelation 12:10 And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, …

with.

Genesis 4:8 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when …

Genesis 27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father …

Genesis 37:4,21 And when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all …

Leviticus 19:17,18 You shall not hate your brother in your heart: you shall in any wise …

2 Samuel 13:22 And Absalom spoke to his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for …

Proverbs 10:12 Hatred stirs up strifes: but love covers all sins.

Proverbs 26:24,25 He that hates dissembles with his lips, and lays up deceit within him…

Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not hasty in your spirit to be angry: for anger rests in the bosom of fools.

Romans 1:29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, …

1 Corinthians 5:8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with …

1 Corinthians 14:20 Brothers, be not children in understanding: however, in malice be …

Colossians 3:8 But now you also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, …

Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, …

1 John 3:12,15 Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And …

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