Ephesians 4:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They are darkened in their understanding and separated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardening of their hearts.

New Living Translation
Their minds are full of darkness; they wander far from the life God gives because they have closed their minds and hardened their hearts against him.

English Standard Version
They are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, due to their hardness of heart.

Berean Study Bible
They are darkened in their understanding and alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardness of their hearts.

Berean Literal Bible
being darkened in the understanding, being alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance being in them on account of the hardness of their heart,

New American Standard Bible
being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart;

King James Bible
Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They are darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them and because of the hardness of their hearts.

International Standard Version
They are darkened in their understanding and separated from the life of God because of their ignorance and hardness of heart.

NET Bible
They are darkened in their understanding, being alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardness of their hearts.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they are dark in their intellects and are aliens to the Life of God, because there is no knowledge in them and because of the blindness of their heart,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They can't understand because they are in the dark. They are excluded from the life that God approves of because of their ignorance and stubbornness.

New American Standard 1977
being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart;

Jubilee Bible 2000
having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them because of the blindness of their heart,

King James 2000 Bible
Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

American King James Version
Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

American Standard Version
being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their heart;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Having their understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their hearts.

Darby Bible Translation
being darkened in understanding, estranged from the life of God by reason of the ignorance which is in them, by reason of the hardness of their hearts,

English Revised Version
being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their heart;

Webster's Bible Translation
Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

Weymouth New Testament
with darkened understandings, having by reason of the ignorance which is deep-seated in them and the insensibility of their moral nature, no share in the Life which God gives.

World English Bible
being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their hearts;

Young's Literal Translation
being darkened in the understanding, being alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart,
Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
4:17-24 The apostle charged the Ephesians in the name and by the authority of the Lord Jesus, that having professed the gospel, they should not be as the unconverted Gentiles, who walked in vain fancies and carnal affections. Do not men, on every side, walk in the vanity of their minds? Must not we then urge the distinction between real and nominal Christians? They were void of all saving knowledge; they sat in darkness, and loved it rather than light. They had a dislike and hatred to a life of holiness, which is not only the way of life God requires and approves, and by which we live to him, but which has some likeness to God himself in his purity, righteousness, truth, and goodness. The truth of Christ appears in its beauty and power, when it appears as in Jesus. The corrupt nature is called a man; like the human body, it is of divers parts, supporting and strengthening one another. Sinful desires are deceitful lusts; they promise men happiness, but render them more miserable; and bring them to destruction, if not subdued and mortified. These therefore must be put off, as an old garment, a filthy garment; they must be subdued and mortified. But it is not enough to shake off corrupt principles; we must have gracious ones. By the new man, is meant the new nature, the new creature, directed by a new principle, even regenerating grace, enabling a man to lead a new life of righteousness and holiness. This is created, or brought forth by God's almighty power.
Study Bible
New Life in Christ
17So I tell you this, and testify to it in the Lord: You must no longer walk as the Gentiles do, in the futility of their thinking. 18They are darkened in their understanding and alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardness of their hearts. 19Having lost all sense of shame, they have given themselves over to sensuality for the practice of every kind of impurity, with a craving for more.…
Cross References
Isaiah 25:7
And on this mountain He will swallow up the covering which is over all peoples, Even the veil which is stretched over all nations.

Mark 3:5
Jesus looked around at them with anger and sorrow at their hardness of heart. Then He said to the man, "Stretch out your hand." So he stretched it out, and it was restored.

Acts 3:17
And now, brothers, I know that you acted in ignorance, as did your leaders.

Acts 17:30
Although God overlooked the ignorance of earlier times, He now commands all men everywhere to repent.

Romans 1:21
For although they knew God, they neither glorified Him as God nor gave thanks to Him, but they became futile in their thinking and darkened in their foolish hearts.

Romans 11:7
What then? What Israel was seeking, it failed to obtain, but the elect did. The others were hardened,

Romans 11:25
I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers, so that you will not be conceited: A hardening in part has come to Israel, until the full number of the Gentiles has come in.

1 Corinthians 2:8
None of the rulers of this age understood it. For if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.

2 Corinthians 3:14
But their minds were closed. For to this day, the same veil remains at the reading of the old covenant. It has not been lifted, because only in Christ can it be removed.

Ephesians 2:1
As for you, you were dead in your trespasses and sins,
Treasury of Scripture

Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

the understanding.

Psalm 74:20 Have respect to the covenant: for the dark places of the earth are …

Psalm 115:4-8 Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands…

Isaiah 44:18-20 They have not known nor understood: for he has shut their eyes, that …

Isaiah 46:5-8 To whom will you liken me, and make me equal, and compare me, that …

Acts 17:30 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commands all …

Acts 26:17,18 Delivering you from the people, and from the Gentiles, to whom now I send you…

Romans 1:21-23,28 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, …

1 Corinthians 1:21 For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God…

2 Corinthians 4:4 In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which …

Galatians 4:8 However, then, when you knew not God, you did service to them which …

1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:

alienated.

Ephesians 2:12 That at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the …

Romans 8:7,8 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject …

Galatians 4:8 However, then, when you knew not God, you did service to them which …

Colossians 1:21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by …

1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:

James 4:4 You adulterers and adulteresses, know you not that the friendship …

because.

Romans 1:21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, …

Romans 2:19 And are confident that you yourself are a guide of the blind, a light …

1 John 2:11 But he that hates his brother is in darkness, and walks in darkness, …

blindness. or, hardness.

Daniel 5:20 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, …

Matthew 13:15 For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of …

John 12:40 He has blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should …

Romans 11:25 For I would not, brothers, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, …

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