Isaiah 44:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They know nothing, they understand nothing; their eyes are plastered over so they cannot see, and their minds closed so they cannot understand.

New Living Translation
Such stupidity and ignorance! Their eyes are closed, and they cannot see. Their minds are shut, and they cannot think.

English Standard Version
They know not, nor do they discern, for he has shut their eyes, so that they cannot see, and their hearts, so that they cannot understand.

New American Standard Bible
They do not know, nor do they understand, for He has smeared over their eyes so that they cannot see and their hearts so that they cannot comprehend.

King James Bible
They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Such people do not comprehend and cannot understand, for He has shut their eyes so they cannot see, and their minds so they cannot understand.

International Standard Version
They don't realize; they don't understand, because their eyes are plastered over so they cannot see, and their minds, too, so they cannot understand.

NET Bible
They do not comprehend or understand, for their eyes are blind and cannot see; their minds do not discern.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They don't know or understand anything. Their eyes are plastered shut, so they can't see. And their minds are closed, so they can't understand.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They did not know nor understand; for he has anointed their eyes that they not see and their hearts that they not understand.

King James 2000 Bible
They have not known nor understood: for he has shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

American King James Version
They have not known nor understood: for he has shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

American Standard Version
They know not, neither do they consider: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They have not known, nor understood: for their eyes are covered that they may not see, and that they may not understand with their heart.

Darby Bible Translation
They have no knowledge, and understand not; for he hath plastered their eyes, that they may not see; and their hearts, that they may not understand.

English Revised Version
They know not, neither do they consider: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

Webster's Bible Translation
They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

World English Bible
They don't know, neither do they consider: for he has shut their eyes, that they can't see; and their hearts, that they can't understand.

Young's Literal Translation
They have not known, nor do they understand, For He hath daubed their eyes from seeing, Their heart from acting wisely.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

44:9-20 Image-making is described, to expose the folly of idolaters. Though a man had used part of a log for fuel, he fell down before an image made of the remainder, praying it to deliver him. Man greatly dishonours God, when he represents him after the image of man. Satan blinds the eyes of unbelievers, causing absurd reasonings in matters of religion. Whether men seek happiness in worldly things, or run into unbelief, superstition, or any false system, they feed on ashes. A heart deceived by pride, love of sin, and departure from God, turns men aside from his holy truth and worship. While the affections are depraved, a man holds fast the lie as his best treasure. Are our hearts set upon the wealth of the world and its pleasures? They will certainly prove a lie. If we trust to outward professions and doings, as if those would save us, we deceive ourselves. Self-suspicion is the first step towards self-deliverance. He that would deliver his soul, must question his conscience, Is there not a lie in my right hand?

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 18. - They have not known nor understood. The cause of all this folly is a Minding of the understanding, divinely caused in the way of punishment, on account of their having wilfully closed their eyes to the truth. Because they "did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them up to a reprobate (or, undistinguishing) mind" (Romans 1:28; comp. Isaiah 29:10). He hath shut; or, One hath shut. But the reference is in either case to God. The word translated "shut" means literally "plastered" or "smeared."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

They have not known nor understood,.... Who the true God is, nor the worship that is due to him alone; they do not know nor understand divine and spiritual things; nay, they have not the knowledge and understanding of men; they want common sense that can do and say such things as before mentioned, both idol makers and idol worshippers:

for he hath shut their eyes that they cannot see, and their heart that they cannot understand; either the devil, as some think, the god of this world, that blinds their eyes from seeing the folly of such gross idolatry, which he, deceiving them, leads them into; or rather God himself, who, because they like not to retain him in their knowledge, gives them up to a reprobate and injudicious mind, to believe a lie, and worship a false god; this he permits, orders, and overrules to some good ends and purposes: this is to be understood of the eyes of the understanding, which, as the word (i) signifies, are "daubed" and plastered over, that there is no opening of them, and seeing with them; which is the judicial blindness and hardness of heart, which God sometimes in righteous judgment gives up men unto; see Romans 1:28.

(i) "oblevit oculos eorum", Montanus; "obleverit", Cocceius; "quod sculptile oblinat", Piscator.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

18. he, &c.—God hath given them over to judicial blindness; not His direct physical, but His providential agency in administering His moral government, is meant (Isa 6:9, 10). "Shut," literally, "daubed," plastered up; it is an Eastern custom in some cases to seal up the eyes of offenders.

Isaiah 44:18 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Folly of Idolatry
17But the rest of it he makes into a god, his graven image. He falls down before it and worships; he also prays to it and says, "Deliver me, for you are my god." 18They do not know, nor do they understand, for He has smeared over their eyes so that they cannot see and their hearts so that they cannot comprehend. 19No one recalls, nor is there knowledge or understanding to say, "I have burned half of it in the fire and also have baked bread over its coals. I roast meat and eat it. Then I make the rest of it into an abomination, I fall down before a block of wood!"…
Cross References
Psalm 81:12
So I gave them over to their stubborn hearts to follow their own devices.

Proverbs 28:5
Evildoers do not understand what is right, but those who seek the LORD understand it fully.

Isaiah 1:3
The ox knows its master, the donkey its owner's manger, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand."

Isaiah 6:9
He said, "Go and tell this people: "'Be ever hearing, but never understanding; be ever seeing, but never perceiving.'

Isaiah 6:10
Make the heart of this people calloused; make their ears dull and close their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed."

Isaiah 26:11
LORD, your hand is lifted high, but they do not see it. Let them see your zeal for your people and be put to shame; let the fire reserved for your enemies consume them.

Isaiah 29:10
The LORD has brought over you a deep sleep: He has sealed your eyes (the prophets); he has covered your heads (the seers).

Isaiah 44:19
No one stops to think, no one has the knowledge or understanding to say, "Half of it I used for fuel; I even baked bread over its coals, I roasted meat and I ate. Shall I make a detestable thing from what is left? Shall I bow down to a block of wood?"

Isaiah 45:20
"Gather together and come; assemble, you fugitives from the nations. Ignorant are those who carry about idols of wood, who pray to gods that cannot save.

Jeremiah 10:8
They are all senseless and foolish; they are taught by worthless wooden idols.

Jeremiah 10:14
Everyone is senseless and without knowledge; every goldsmith is shamed by his idols. The images he makes are a fraud; they have no breath in them.

Jeremiah 51:17
"Everyone is senseless and without knowledge; every goldsmith is shamed by his idols. The images he makes are a fraud; they have no breath in them.
Treasury of Scripture

They have not known nor understood: for he has shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

have not

Isaiah 44:9,20 They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable …

Isaiah 45:20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, you that are escaped …

Isaiah 46:7,8 They bear him on the shoulder, they carry him, and set him in his …

Jeremiah 10:8,14 But they are altogether brutish and foolish: the stock is a doctrine …

Romans 1:21-23 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, …

for he hath

Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and …

Isaiah 29:10 For the LORD has poured out on you the spirit of deep sleep, and …

Psalm 81:12 So I gave them up to their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their …

Matthew 13:14,15 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which said, By hearing …

Acts 14:16 Who in times past suffered all nations to walk in their own ways.

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God …

Romans 11:8-10 (According as it is written, God has given them the spirit of slumber, …

2 Corinthians 4:3,4 But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost…

2 Thessalonians 2:9-12 Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power …

shut. Heb. daubed
cannot

Isaiah 56:11 Yes, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are …

Psalm 92:6 A brutish man knows not; neither does a fool understand this.

Proverbs 2:5-9 Then shall you understand the fear of the LORD, and find the knowledge of God…

Proverbs 28:5 Evil men understand not judgment: but they that seek the LORD understand …

Jeremiah 5:21 Hear now this, O foolish people, and without understanding; which …

Daniel 12:10 Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked …

Hosea 14:9 Who is wise, and he shall understand these things? prudent, and he …

Matthew 12:34 O generation of vipers, how can you, being evil, speak good things? …

John 5:44 How can you believe, which receive honor one of another, and seek …

John 8:43 Why do you not understand my speech? even because you cannot hear my word.

John 12:39,40 Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again…

2 Peter 2:14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling …

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