New International Version
What then? What the people of Israel sought so earnestly they did not obtain. The elect among them did, but the others were hardened,
New Living Translation
So this is the situation: Most of the people of Israel have not found the favor of God they are looking for so earnestly. A few have--the ones God has chosen--but the hearts of the rest were hardened.
English Standard Version
What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened,
Berean Study Bible
What then? What Israel was seeking, it failed to obtain, but the elect did. The others were hardened,
Berean Literal Bible
What then? What Israel is seeking, this it has not obtained, but the elect obtained it. And the rest were hardened,
New American Standard Bible
What then? What Israel is seeking, it has not obtained, but those who were chosen obtained it, and the rest were hardened;
King James Bible
What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded
Holman Christian Standard Bible
What then? Israel did not find what it was looking for, but the elect did find it. The rest were hardened,
International Standard Version
What, then, does this mean? It means that Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking, but the selected group obtained it while the rest were hardened.
What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was diligently seeking, but the elect obtained it. The rest were hardened,
Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Why therefore has not Israel found that which it was seeking, but The Election has found it and the rest of them were blinded in their hearts,
GOD'S WORD® Translation
So what does all this mean? It means that Israel has never achieved what it has been striving for. However, those whom God has chosen have achieved it. The minds of the rest of Israel were closed,
New American Standard 1977
What then? That which Israel is seeking for, it has not obtained, but those who were chosen obtained it, and the rest were hardened;
Jubilee Bible 2000
What then? Israel has not obtained that which he seeks after; but the elect have obtained it, and the rest were blinded
King James 2000 Bible
What then? Israel has not obtained that which it seeks for; but the election has obtained it, and the rest were blinded
American King James Version
What then? Israel has not obtained that which he seeks for; but the election has obtained it, and the rest were blinded.
American Standard Version
What then? that which Israel seeketh for, that he obtained not; but the election obtained it, and the rest were hardened:
What then? That which Israel sought, he hath not obtained: but the election hath obtained it; and the rest have been blinded.
Darby Bible Translation
What [is it] then? What Israel seeks for, that he has not obtained; but the election has obtained, and the rest have been blinded,
English Revised Version
What then? That which Israel seeketh for, that he obtained not; but the election obtained it, and the rest were hardened:
Webster's Bible Translation
What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded.
Weymouth New Testament
How then does the matter stand? It stands thus. That which Israel are in earnest pursuit of, they have not obtained; but God's chosen servants have obtained it, and the rest have become hardened.
World English Bible
What then? That which Israel seeks for, that he didn't obtain, but the chosen ones obtained it, and the rest were hardened.
Young's Literal Translation
What then? What Israel doth seek after, this it did not obtain, and the chosen did obtain, and the rest were hardened,
Parallel CommentariesMatthew Henry's Concise Commentary
11:1-10 There was a chosen remnant of believing Jews, who had righteousness and life by faith in Jesus Christ. These were kept according to the election of grace. If then this election was of grace, it could not be of works, either performed or foreseen. Every truly good disposition in a fallen creature must be the effect, therefore it cannot be the cause, of the grace of God bestowed on him. Salvation from the first to the last must be either of grace or of debt. These things are so directly contrary to each other that they cannot be blended together. God glorifies his grace by changing the hearts and tempers of the rebellious. How then should they wonder and praise him! The Jewish nation were as in a deep sleep, without knowledge of their danger, or concern about it; having no sense of their need of the Saviour, or of their being upon the borders of eternal ruin. David, having by the Spirit foretold the sufferings of Christ from his own people, the Jews, foretells the dreadful judgments of God upon them for it, Ps 69. This teaches us how to understand other prayers of David against his enemies; they are prophecies of the judgments of God, not expressions of his own anger. Divine curses will work long; and we have our eyes darkened, if we are bowed down in worldly-mindedness.
Verse 7. - What then? (What is the present state of things?) That which Israel seeketh for (i.e. δικαιοσύνην; cf. Romans 9:30, 31) he hath not obtained; but the election (i.e. the elect of the Gentiles, with a remnant only of the Jews - ἡ ἐκλογὴ being abstr, pro concret., like ἡ περιτομὴ ἡ ἀκροβυστία, elsewhere) hath obtained it, and the rest were hardened (ἐπωρώθησαν). The verb denotes callousness rather than blindness, usually in the New Testament referring to the heart (cf. especially John 12:40, Τετύφλωκεν αὐτῶν τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς καὶ πεπώρωκεν αὐτῶν τὴν καρδίαν). And such hardening is no new and strange thing, or to be taken as implying failure of God's promises to his people; for it is but what Scripture tells us of.
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible
What then?.... What can be said to the point the apostle is upon? it is as clear as the sun, out of all question, that God has not cast away all the people of the Jews, nor any whom he foreknew, any age or period of time; neither in the time Elijah, nor in the apostle's, he always having a reserve of some for himself; which reserve is owing to a previous choice of them, and that previous choice to ascribed not to any works of theirs, but to his free grace and sovereign pleasure. Indeed
Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; that is, carnal Israel, the body and bulk of that people; who sought for life and righteousness by their obedience to the law, and which they in general were in quest of, and pursuit after, but did not obtain, though, some of them might imagine they did; for the thing was impracticable and impossible, no life nor righteousness are ever to be had by the law of works; they did not obtain life and righteousness, because they sought them in a wrong place and in a wrong way; they sought them not by faith in Christ Jesus, where they are only to be had, but by their own works, which fall abundantly short of procuring them for them:
but the election hath obtained it. The apostle divides Israel into two parts, "the election and the rest": by "the election" he means, elect men, the remnant among them, whom God had reserved for himself; just as "circumcision" designs circumcised persons, and "uncircumcision" uncircumcised persons, and "calling" called ones, and "righteousness" righteous men and women; see Romans 3:30 2 Peter 3:13. Now these chosen ones obtained mercy, grace, life, and righteousness in Christ, as the apostle himself did, who was one of them; and that by virtue, and in consequence of their election, for which reason the word is here used; hence mercy was shown them, grace was bestowed upon them, the righteousness of Christ was imputed to them, faith was given them, holiness was wrought in them, and they entitled to, and made meet for eternal life: these among Israel then obtained such favours and blessings; and so God's elect, in all ages and nations, obtain the same things, and will obtain; for the purpose of God according to election stands sure, his word and oath are immutable, his covenant inviolable, his grace inalienable, and his power omnipotent:
and the rest were blinded: the non-elect, or those who were not chosen and reserved, to whom Christ was "a stone of stumbling and a rock of offence"; and who "stumbled at the word" of the Gospel, "being disobedient" to the divine revelation, "whereunto they were appointed", 1 Peter 2:8; hence they obtained no mercy, grace, faith, life, righteousness, and eternal salvation, but were "blinded"; left in that native blindness and ignorance, in which they were born and brought up; were blinded by themselves wilfully more and more; as they knew not the Messiah, so neither would they understand; they sinned wilfully against light knowledge; they shut their eyes against all that evidence and demonstration given, of Jesus of Nazareth being the Messiah, by his doctrines and miracles; and they were blinded by Satan, the god of this world, by whom they were led captive; who wrought effectually in them, and stirred up the malice and enmity of their minds against Christ and his Gospel; for they were of their father the devil, and his lusts they would do; and they were also blinded by God himself, so that they could not believe; for after all this, it was but just with God to give them up to judicial blindness and hardness of heart.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
7-10. What then?—How stands the fact?
Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for—better, "What Israel is in search of (that is, Justification, or acceptance with God—see on Ro 9:31); this he found not; but the election (the elect remnant of Israel) found it, and the rest were hardened," or judicially given over to the "hardness of their own hearts."
Romans 11:7 Additional Commentaries
A Remnant of Israel
…6But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works, otherwise grace is no longer grace. 7What then? What Israel is seeking, it has not obtained, but those who were chosen obtained it, and the rest were hardened; 8just as it is written, "GOD GAVE THEM A SPIRIT OF STUPOR, EYES TO SEE NOT AND EARS TO HEAR NOT, DOWN TO THIS VERY DAY."…
for they had not understood about the loaves; their hearts were hardened.
Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.
but the people of Israel, who pursued the law as the way of righteousness, have not attained their goal.
Since they did not know the righteousness of God and sought to establish their own, they did not submit to God's righteousness.
I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers and sisters, so that you may not be conceited: Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in,
2 Corinthians 3:14
But their minds were made dull, for to this day the same veil remains when the old covenant is read. It has not been removed, because only in Christ is it taken away.
They are darkened in their understanding and separated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardening of their hearts.
Treasury of Scripture
What then? Israel has not obtained that which he seeks for; but the election has obtained it, and the rest were blinded.
but the election. That is, the elect, the abstract being used for the concrete. So the Jews or the circumcised people, are called Israel, or the circumcision.
and the rest.
blinded. or, hardened. See on
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NT Letters: Romans 11:7 What then? That which Israel seeks (Rom. Ro) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools