Romans 11:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
If the part of the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, then the whole batch is holy; if the root is holy, so are the branches.

New Living Translation
And since Abraham and the other patriarchs were holy, their descendants will also be holy--just as the entire batch of dough is holy because the portion given as an offering is holy. For if the roots of the tree are holy, the branches will be, too.

English Standard Version
If the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Berean Study Bible
If the first part of the dough is holy, so is the whole batch; if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Berean Literal Bible
Now if the firstfruit is holy, also the lump; and if the root is holy, also the branches.

New American Standard Bible
If the first piece of dough is holy, the lump is also; and if the root is holy, the branches are too.

King James Bible
For if the firstfruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now if the firstfruits offered up are holy, so is the whole batch. And if the root is holy, so are the branches.

International Standard Version
If the first part of the dough is holy, so is the whole batch. If the root is holy, so are the branches.

NET Bible
If the first portion of the dough offered is holy, then the whole batch is holy, and if the root is holy, so too are the branches.

New Heart English Bible
If the first fruit is holy, so is the lump. If the root is holy, so are the branches.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But if the first fruits are holy, so is the substance. And if the root is holy, so are the branches.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If the first handful of dough is holy, the whole batch of dough is holy. If the root is holy, the branches are holy.

New American Standard 1977
And if the first piece of dough be holy, the lump is also; and if the root be holy, the branches are too.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For if the firstfruit is holy, so shall the rest be; and if the root is holy, so shall be the branches.

King James 2000 Bible
For if the firstfruit are holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

American King James Version
For if the first fruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

American Standard Version
And if the firstfruit is holy, so is the lump: and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For if the firstfruit be holy, so is the lump also: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

Darby Bible Translation
Now if the first-fruit [be] holy, the lump also; and if the root [be] holy, the branches also.

English Revised Version
And if the firstfruit is holy, so is the lump: and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Webster's Bible Translation
For if the first fruit is holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Weymouth New Testament
Now if the firstfruits of the dough are holy, so also is the whole mass; and if the root of a tree is holy, so also are the branches.

World English Bible
If the first fruit is holy, so is the lump. If the root is holy, so are the branches.

Young's Literal Translation
and if the first-fruit is holy, the lump also; and if the root is holy, the branches also.
Study Bible
The Ingrafting of the Gentiles
15For if their rejection is the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead? 16If the first part of the dough is holy, so is the whole batch; if the root is holy, so are the branches. 17Now if some branches have been broken off, and you, a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in among the others to share in the nourishment of the olive root,…
Cross References
Numbers 15:18
"Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'When you enter the land where I bring you,

Nehemiah 10:37
We will also bring the first of our dough, our contributions, the fruit of every tree, the new wine and the oil to the priests at the chambers of the house of our God, and the tithe of our ground to the Levites, for the Levites are they who receive the tithes in all the rural towns.

Ezekiel 44:30
"The first of all the first fruits of every kind and every contribution of every kind, from all your contributions, shall be for the priests; you shall also give to the priest the first of your dough to cause a blessing to rest on your house.

Romans 8:23
Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.
Treasury of Scripture

For if the first fruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

if the first-fruit.

Exodus 22:29 You shall not delay to offer the first of your ripe fruits, and of …

Exodus 23:16,19 And the feast of harvest, the first fruits of your labors, which …

Leviticus 23:10 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, When you be come …

Numbers 15:17-21 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying…

Deuteronomy 18:4 The first fruit also of your corn, of your wine, and of your oil, …

Deuteronomy 26:10 And now, behold, I have brought the first fruits of the land, which …

Nehemiah 10:35-37 And to bring the first fruits of our ground, and the first fruits …

Proverbs 3:9 Honor the LORD with your substance, and with the first fruits of …

Ezekiel 44:30 And the first of all the first fruits of all things, and every oblation …

James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should …

Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. …

and if.

Romans 11:17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and you, being a wild …

Genesis 17:7 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your seed …

Jeremiah 2:21 Yet I had planted you a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then …

1 Corinthians 7:14 For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving …

(16) And we have the strongest reason for believing in this reconversion of the Jews. Their forefathers were the first recipients of the promise, and what they were it is only natural to hope that their descendants will be. When a piece of dough is taken from the lump to make a consecrated cake, the consecration of the part extends over the whole; and the character which is inherent in the root of a tree shows itself also in the branches. So we may believe that the latter end of Israel will be like its beginning. The consecration that was imparted to it in the founders of the race we may expect to see resumed by their descendants, even though it is for a time interrupted.

The firstfruit . . . the lump.--The allusion here is to the custom, described in Numbers 15:19-21, of dedicating a portion of the dough to God. The portion thus taken was to be a "heave-offering"--i.e., it was to be "waved," or "heaved," before the Lord, and was then given to the priest.

Verse 16. - And if the firstfruit be holy, so also is the lump; and if the root be holy, so also are the branches. By the firstfruit and the root is signified the original stock of Israel, the patriarchs; by the lump and the branches, the subsequent nation through all time. The word ἀπαρχή, being here connected with φύραμα, may be understood as referring to Numbers 15:19-22. The people are there enjoined to take of the first dough (φύραμα) kneaded after harvest a cake for a heave offering, called ἀπαρχή φυράματος (LXX.). This consecrated ἀπαρχή sanctified the whole φύραμα. For if the firstfruit be holy,.... Some by "the firstfruit" and "root" understand Christ, who is sometimes called, "the firstfruits of them that slept", 1 Corinthians 15:20, and "the root of Jesse and David", Isaiah 11:10, and indeed of all the righteous; and certain it is, that since he is holy, has all the holiness of his people in him, and is sanctification unto them, they shall be holy likewise; have it imparted to them in this life, and perfected in them in another: but this does not seem to agree with the apostle's argument. Others think that by them are meant the Jewish ancestors, and particularly Abraham, and dream of a holiness derived from him to his natural seed; but if no such holiness was derived from him to his immediate offspring, Ishmael, it can hardly be thought any should be communicated by him to his remote posterity; and to these here designed, at the distance of four or five thousand years from him: but by them are intended the first converts among the Jews, under the Gospel dispensation; it being usual with the apostle to call those persons, that were first converted in any place, the firstfruits of it; see Romans 16:5; These were they who received the firstfruits of the Spirit in Judea, and who first among the Jews hoped and believed in Christ; these were but few in number, as the "firstfruit" is but small in comparison of "the lump", and mean, abject, and despicable, as the "root" under, and in a dry ground is; but yet were pledges and presages of a larger number of souls among that people, to be converted in the latter day: now the apostle's argument is, "if the firstfruit be holy",

the lump is also holy, and if the root be holy, so are the branches; that is, that whereas those persons who were converted among the Jews, however few in number, and despicable in appearance they might be, yet were truly sanctified by the Spirit of God; and as they were, so should the whole body of that people be in the last days, "when holiness shall be upon the horses' bells, and every pot in Judah and Jerusalem shall be holiness unto the Lord of hosts", Zechariah 14:20, by which metaphorical expressions is meant, that holiness should be common to the whole nation, and all the inhabitants of it, of which the call of some few among them was a pledge and presage. The allusion in the former clause is to the holy offerings of firstfruits to the Lord, the two wave loaves, Leviticus 23:14, whereby the whole lump was sanctified, for after use throughout the year following; and that in the latter clause, to the holiness of trees; that is, to trees devoted to sacred use or that were planted in a field appropriated thereunto: hence we read (t), that the men of Jericho permitted, or as other exemplars read it, cut down , "branches of holiness", or "holy branches"; and eat fallen fruit on the sabbath day. (u) Bartenora explains these branches, of such that grow upon a tree devoted to holy uses; and Maimonides (w), observes, that they thought it lawful to eat what grew in a holy field.

(t) Misn. Pesachim, c. 4. sect. 8. (u) In Misn. Pesachim. c. 4. sect. 8. (w) In ib. 16. For—"But"

if the first-fruit be holy, the lump is also holy; and if the root … so the branches—The Israelites were required to offer to God the first-fruits of the earth—both in their raw state, in a sheaf of newly reaped grain (Le 23:10, 11), and in their prepared state, made into cakes of dough (Nu 15:19-21)—by which the whole produce of that season was regarded as hallowed. It is probable that the latter of these offerings is here intended, as to it the word "lump" best applies; and the argument of the apostle is, that as the separation unto God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, from the rest of mankind, as the parent stem of their race, was as real an offering of first-fruits as that which hallowed the produce of the earth, so, in the divine estimation, it was as real a separation of the mass or "lump" of that nation in all time to God. The figure of the "root" and its "branches" is of like import—the consecration of the one of them extending to the other.11:11-21 The gospel is the greatest riches of every place where it is. As therefore the righteous rejection of the unbelieving Jews, was the occasion of so large a multitude of the Gentiles being reconciled to God, and at peace with him; the future receiving of the Jews into the church would be such a change, as would resemble a general resurrection of the dead in sin to a life of righteousness. Abraham was as the root of the church. The Jews continued branches of this tree till, as a nation, they rejected the Messiah; after that, their relation to Abraham and to God was, as it were, cut off. The Gentiles were grafted into this tree in their room; being admitted into the church of God. Multitudes were made heirs of Abraham's faith, holiness and blessedness. It is the natural state of every one of us, to be wild by nature. Conversion is as the grafting in of wild branches into the good olive. The wild olive was often ingrafted into the fruitful one when it began to decay, and this not only brought forth fruit, but caused the decaying olive to revive and flourish. The Gentiles, of free grace, had been grafted in to share advantages. They ought therefore to beware of self-confidence, and every kind of pride or ambition; lest, having only a dead faith, and an empty profession, they should turn from God, and forfeit their privileges. If we stand at all, it is by faith; we are guilty and helpless in ourselves, and are to be humble, watchful, afraid of self-deception, or of being overcome by temptation. Not only are we at first justified by faith, but kept to the end in that justified state by faith only; yet, by a faith which is not alone, but which worketh by love to God and man.
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