Romans 5:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous.

New Living Translation
Because one person disobeyed God, many became sinners. But because one other person obeyed God, many will be made righteous.

English Standard Version
For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.

New American Standard Bible
For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.

King James Bible
For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For just as through one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, so also through the one man's obedience the many will be made righteous.

International Standard Version
For just as through one man's disobedience many people were made sinners, so also through one man's obedience many people will be made righteous.

NET Bible
For just as through the disobedience of the one man many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of one man many will be made righteous.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For just as because of the disobedience of one man the many became sinners, so also because of the obedience of The One the many become righteous.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Clearly, through one person's disobedience humanity became sinful, and through one person's obedience humanity will receive God's approval.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For as by one man's disobedience, many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.

King James 2000 Bible
For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.

American King James Version
For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.

American Standard Version
For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the one shall the many be made righteous.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For as by the disobedience of one man, many were made sinners; so also by the obedience of one, many shall be made just.

Darby Bible Translation
For as indeed by the disobedience of the one man the many have been constituted sinners, so also by the obedience of the one the many will be constituted righteous.

English Revised Version
For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the one shall the many be made righteous.

Webster's Bible Translation
For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.

Weymouth New Testament
For as through the disobedience of the one individual the mass of mankind were constituted sinners, so also through the obedience of the One the mass of mankind will be constituted righteous.

World English Bible
For as through the one man's disobedience many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the one, many will be made righteous.

Young's Literal Translation
for as through the disobedience of the one man, the many were constituted sinners: so also through the obedience of the one, shall the many be constituted righteous.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:15-19 Through one man's offence, all mankind are exposed to eternal condemnation. But the grace and mercy of God, and the free gift of righteousness and salvation, are through Jesus Christ, as man: yet the Lord from heaven has brought the multitude of believers into a more safe and exalted state than that from which they fell in Adam. This free gift did not place them anew in a state of trial, but fixed them in a state of justification, as Adam would have been placed, had he stood. Notwithstanding the differences, there is a striking similarity. As by the offence of one, sin and death prevailed to the condemnation of all men, so by the righteousness of one, grace prevailed to the justification of all related to Christ by faith. Through the grace of God, the gift by grace has abounded to many through Christ; yet multitudes choose to remain under the dominion of sin and death, rather than to apply for the blessings of the reign of grace. But Christ will in nowise cast out any who are willing to come to him.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 19. - For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the One shall the many be made righteous. As to the significance of οἱ πολλοὶ, see under ver. 15. The phrase, if taken as equivalent to πάντες, would seem here to imply even more than in ver. 15; for there it was only said that "the gift... abounded unto the many;" here an actual result is expressed by the future, δίκαιοι κατασταθήσονται. But even so the universality of final salvation need not necessarily follow. The phrase is, "shall be constituted righteous," and might only mean that all will be put into the position of justified persons, capable as such of salvation, just as all had, through the first transgression, been put into the position of sinners, liable as such to condemnation; and the future tense might be taken to denote the continuance, through all future ages, of the availing effect of the accomplished atonement. Further, it may be remarked that if universal final salvation did seem to follow from the passage before us, it would still have to be understood consistently with the purport of ch. 6, 7, and 8, which follow. In them the practical result to the believer of his justification through Christ is treated; and renunciation of sin, "living after the Spirit," is postulated as the condition for attaining the life eternal. Hence, if the doctrine of "eternal hope" be sound (and who can fail to desire that it should be so?), it must be to some unknown reconciliation beyond the limits of the present life that we must look in the case of those who have not fulfilled the necessary conditions here. Thus, further, the doctrine cannot legitimately be allowed to affect our view of our responsibilities now. To us the only doctrine distinctly revealed on the subject of salvation is that it is in this present life that we are to make our "calling and election sure." Two ways are put before us - the way of life, and the way of death; the one leading to ζωὴ αἰώνιος, the other to κόλασις αἰώνιος. In vers. 6-10 (as elsewhere, see note on Romans 3:25) it was through the death, the blood, of Christ that we were said to have been reconciled to God; here it is through his obedience, opposed to the disobedience of Adam. Though the doctrine of the atonement, in all its depth, is beyond our comprehension now (see above on ver. 9), yet it is important for us to observe the various aspects in which it is presented to us in Scripture. Here the idea suggested is that of Christ, as the Representative of humanity, satisfying Divine righteousness by perfect obedience to the Divine will, and thus offering to God for man what man had lest the power of offering (cf. Psalm 40:10, "Lo, I come to fulfil thy will, O my God;" and Hebrews 9:14; Hebrews 10:9, et seq.; also Philippians 2:8, "became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross").

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners,.... Agreeably to this the Jews say (g), that

"for the sin of the first man, all that are born of him, , "become wicked".''

This is the sum of what is said in the foregoing verses, that as by Adam's sin all his posterity are made sinners, and so are brought under a sentence of condemnation; in like manner by the obedience of Christ, all his seed are made righteous, and come under a sentence of justification of life: the persons made sinners are said to be "many", in opposition to the "one man", by whose disobedience they became so, and because there is an exception of one, even Jesus Christ; and mean all the natural descendants of Adam, who are many, and are so called, to answer to the subjects of justification in the next clause: what they are made sinners by, is "the disobedience of one man, Adam"; and by the first and single disobedience of his, in eating the fruit of the forbidden tree, by which they "were made sinners": the meaning of which is not, that they became sufferers for it, or subject to death on the account of it; the word used will not bear such a sense, but signifies men guilty of sin, and sometimes the worst and chief of sinners; besides, the apostle had expressed that before; add to this, that the sons of Adam could not be sufferers for his sin, or subject to death on account of it, if they were not made sinners by it, or involved in the guilt or it: and though the posterity of Adam are habitually sinners, that is, derive corrupt nature from Adam, yet this is not meant here; but that they are become guilty, through the imputation of his sin to them; for it is by the disobedience of another they are made sinners, which must be by the imputation of that disobedience to them; he sinned, and they sinned in him, when they had as yet no actual existence; which could be no other way, than by imputation, as he was reckoned and accounted their head and representative, and they reckoned and accounted in him, and so have sinned in him. This is also evident, from the sentence of condemnation and death passing upon all men for it; and even upon those, who had not actually sinned; to which may be added, that Adam's posterity are made sinners through his disobedience, in the same way as Christ's seed are made righteous by his obedience, which is by the imputation of it to them;

so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous; not by their own obedience; nor by their own obedience and Christ's together; but by his sole and single obedience to the law of God: and the persons made righteous by it are not all the posterity of Adam, and yet not a few of them; but "many", even all the elect of God, and seed of Christ; these are all made righteous in the sight of God, are justified from all their sins, and entitled to eternal life and happiness.

(g) Tzeror Hammor, fol. 97. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

19. For, &c.—better, "For as by the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so by the obedience of the One shall the many be made righteous." On this great verse observe: First, By the "obedience" of Christ here is plainly not meant more than what divines call His active obedience, as distinguished from His sufferings and death; it is the entire work of Christ in its obediential character. Our Lord Himself represents even His death as His great act of obedience to the Father: "This commandment (that is, to lay down and resume His life) have I received of My Father" (Joh 10:8). Second, The significant word twice rendered made, does not signify to work a change upon a person or thing, but to constitute or ordain, as will be seen from all the places where it is used. Here, accordingly, it is intended to express that judicial act which holds men, in virtue of their connection with Adam, as sinners; and, in connection with Christ, as righteous. Third, The change of tense from the past to the future—"as through Adam we were made sinners, so through Christ we shall be made righteous"—delightfully expresses the enduring character of the act, and of the economy to which such acts belong, in contrast with the for-ever-past ruin of believers in Adam. (See on [2201]Ro 6:5). Fourth, The "all men" of Ro 5:18 and the "many" of Ro 5:19 are the same party, though under a slightly different aspect. In the latter case, the contrast is between the one representative (Adam—Christ) and the many whom he represented; in the former case, it is between the one head (Adam—Christ) and the human race, affected for death and life respectively by the actings of that one. Only in this latter case it is the redeemed family of man that is alone in view; it is humanity as actually lost, but also as actually saved, as ruined and recovered. Such as refuse to fall in with the high purpose of God to constitute His Son a "second Adam," the Head of a new race, and as impenitent and unbelieving finally perish, have no place in this section of the Epistle, whose sole object is to show how God repairs in the second Adam the evil done by the first. (Thus the doctrine of universal restoration has no place here. Thus too the forced interpretation by which the "justification of all" is made to mean a justification merely in possibility and offer to all, and the "justification of the many" to mean the actual justification of as many as believe [Alford, &c.], is completely avoided. And thus the harshness of comparing a whole fallen family with a recovered part is got rid of. However true it be in fact that part of mankind is not saved, this is not the aspect in which the subject is here presented. It is totals that are compared and contrasted; and it is the same total in two successive conditions—namely, the human race as ruined in Adam and recovered in Christ).

Romans 5:19 Additional Commentaries
Context
Death in Adam, Life in Christ
18So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men. 19For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous. 20The Law came in so that the transgression would increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,…
Cross References
Isaiah 53:11
After he has suffered, he will see the light of life and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities.

Romans 5:12
Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned--

Romans 5:15
But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God's grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!

Romans 5:18
Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people.

Romans 11:32
For God has bound everyone over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all.

Philippians 2:8
And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to death-- even death on a cross!
Treasury of Scripture

For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.

as by one.

Romans 5:12-14 Why, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; …

so by.

Isaiah 53:10-12 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when …

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, …

2 Corinthians 5:21 For he has made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might …

Ephesians 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he has made us accepted …

Revelation 7:9-17 After this I beheld, and, see, a great multitude, which no man could …

Jump to Previous
Constituted Disobedience Great Indeed Individual Keeping Mankind Mass Numbers Obedience Righteous Righteousness Sinners Word Wrongdoing
Jump to Next
Constituted Disobedience Great Indeed Individual Keeping Mankind Mass Numbers Obedience Righteous Righteousness Sinners Word Wrongdoing
Links
Romans 5:19 NIV
Romans 5:19 NLT
Romans 5:19 ESV
Romans 5:19 NASB
Romans 5:19 KJV

Romans 5:19 Bible Apps
Romans 5:19 Bible Suite
Romans 5:19 Biblia Paralela
Romans 5:19 Chinese Bible
Romans 5:19 French Bible
Romans 5:19 German Bible

Alphabetical: also as be disobedience even For just made man man's many obedience of one righteous sinners so the through were will

NT Letters: Romans 5:19 For as through the one man's disobedience (Rom. Ro) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Romans 5:18
Top of Page
Top of Page