John 10:11
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.

New Living Translation
"I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd sacrifices his life for the sheep.

English Standard Version
I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.

New American Standard Bible
"I am the good shepherd; the good shepherd lays down His life for the sheep.

King James Bible
I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.

International Standard Version
"I'm the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.

NET Bible
"I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“I AM THE LIVING GOD, The Good Shepherd. The Good Shepherd lays down his life for his flock.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd gives his life for the sheep.

Jubilee Bible 2000
I AM the good shepherd; the good shepherd gives his life for the sheep.

King James 2000 Bible
I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd gives his life for the sheep.

American King James Version
I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd gives his life for the sheep.

American Standard Version
I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd layeth down his life for the sheep.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd giveth his life for his sheep.

Darby Bible Translation
I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep:

English Revised Version
I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd layeth down his life for the sheep.

Webster's Bible Translation
I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.

Weymouth New Testament
"I am the Good Shepherd. A good shepherd lays down his very life for the sheep.

World English Bible
I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.

Young's Literal Translation
'I am the good shepherd; the good shepherd his life layeth down for the sheep;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:10-18 Christ is a good Shepherd; many who were not thieves, yet were careless in their duty, and by their neglect the flock was much hurt. Bad principles are the root of bad practices. The Lord Jesus knows whom he has chosen, and is sure of them; they also know whom they have trusted, and are sure of Him. See here the grace of Christ; since none could demand his life of him, he laid it down of himself for our redemption. He offered himself to be the Saviour; Lo, I come. And the necessity of our case calling for it, he offered himself for the Sacrifice. He was both the offerer and the offering, so that his laying down his life was his offering up himself. From hence it is plain, that he died in the place and stead of men; to obtain their being set free from the punishment of sin, to obtain the pardon of their sin; and that his death should obtain that pardon. Our Lord laid not his life down for his doctrine, but for his sheep.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 11-21. -

(3) The functions and responsibilities of the veritable Shepherd, and the relation of the Shepherd to the flock. Verse 11. - I am the good Shepherd. The word here rendered "good" means more than the "true" (ἀληθής) or the" veritable" (ἀληθινός); more than ἀγαθός, good, in the sense of being morally excellent and inwardly fulfilling God's purpose that the sheep should be shepherded. The word καλός suggests a "goodness" that is conspicuous, that shows and approves itself to the experience and observation of all. Thus the Lord fills up the meaning of the first parable by emphasizing another element in it. There may be many shepherds worthy of the name, but he alone justifies the designation (cf. Psalm 23; Isaiah 40:11; Isaiah 53; Ezekiel 34; Jeremiah 23.). This imagery has inwrought itself into Christian literature and art. The earliest representations of Christ in the catacombs depict him as "the good Shepherd" (Tertullian, 'De Fuga.,' c. 11; Hermas, 'Sire.,' 6:2); the earliest hymns and latest minstrelsy of the Church dwell fondly on the image which portrays his individual watchfulness, his tender care, his self-sacrificing love. The good Shepherd layeth down his life for the sheep; not only does his work with his life in his hand, but he deliberately lays down his life and consciously divests himself of his life, and is doing it now. The Shepherd dies that the sheep may live (cf. 1 John 3:16; John 15:13). Elsewhere Jesus says, "The Son of man gives his life a ransom for many" (Matthew 20:28). The thought is very grand, and is a strange addition to the claim to be the Shepherd of Israel, and gives intense pathos to the language of our Lord to Simon Peter (John 21:6), "Shepherd my sheep." The further development of the parable shows that in the metaphor he regards his death as no disastrous termination of the Shepherd's function, but as an event in his career. Hence it is not just of Reuse ('Theol. Chretien,' 2.) to contend that our Lord does not here suggest a vicarious or propitiatory death on his part. This is a veritable death, which secures the life of the sheep, and does not arrest the Shepherd's care (see vers. 17, 18).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

I am the good shepherd,.... A shepherd of his Father's appointing, calling, and sending, to whom the care of all his sheep, or chosen ones, was committed; who was set up as a shepherd over them by him, and was entrusted with them; and who being called, undertook to feed them; and being promised, was sent unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel; and under the character of a shepherd, died for them, and rose again, and is accountable to his Father for everyone of them; the shepherd, the great and chief shepherd, the famous one, so often spoken and prophesied of, Genesis 49:24. And discharging his office aright, he is the good shepherd; as appears in his providing good pasture, and a good fold for his sheep; in protecting them from their enemies; in healing all their diseases; in restoring their souls when strayed from him; in watching over them in the night seasons, lest any hurt them; in searching for them, when they have been driven, or scattered in the dark and cloudy day; in caring for them, so that he lose none of them; and in nothing more than in what follows,

the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep: not only exposes it to danger, as David did his, for the sake of his father's flock, but gives it away freely and voluntarily, for the sake of the sheep; in their room and stead, as a ransom for them, that they may be delivered from death, and might have eternal life: the Ethiopic version renders it, "the good shepherd gives his life for the redemption of his sheep"; so Nonnus paraphrases it, the "ransom price of his own sheep": this belongs to Christ's priestly office, and with the Jews priests were sometimes shepherds hence we read (q) of , "shepherds that were priests". Philo the Jew speaks (r) of God as a shepherd and king; and of his setting his word, his firstborn Son, over the holy flock, to take care of it: and a good shepherd is thus described by the (s) Jews;

"as , "a good shepherd", delivers the flock from the wolf, and from the lions, (see John 10:12) so he that leads Israel, if he is good, delivers them from the idolatrous nations, and from judgment below and above, and leads them to the life of the world to come, or eternal life; (see John 10:10).''

Which description agrees with Christ, the good shepherd; and so the Lord is said to be , "the good shepherd", and merciful, and there is none like him (t).

(q) Misn. Becorot, c. 5. sect. 4. (r) De Agricultura, p. 195. & de nom. mutat. p. 1062. (s) Zohar in Exod. fol. 9. 3.((t) Aben Ezra in Psal. xxiii. 3. & Kimchi in Psal. xxiii. 2.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

11. I am the good shepherd—emphatically, and, in the sense intended, exclusively so (Isa 40:11; Eze 34:23; 37:24; Zec 13:7).

the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep—Though this may be said of literal shepherds, who, even for their brute flock, have, like David, encountered "the lion and the bear" at the risk of their own lives, and still more of faithful pastors who, like the early bishops of Rome, have been the foremost to brave the fury of their enemies against the flock committed to their care; yet here, beyond doubt, it points to the struggle which was to issue in the willing surrender of the Redeemer's own life, to save His sheep from destruction.

John 10:11 Additional Commentaries
Context
Jesus the Good Shepherd
10"The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I came that they may have life, and have it abundantly. 11"I am the good shepherd; the good shepherd lays down His life for the sheep. 12"He who is a hired hand, and not a shepherd, who is not the owner of the sheep, sees the wolf coming, and leaves the sheep and flees, and the wolf snatches them and scatters them.…
Cross References
Psalm 23:1
A psalm of David. The LORD is my shepherd, I lack nothing.

Isaiah 40:11
He tends his flock like a shepherd: He gathers the lambs in his arms and carries them close to his heart; he gently leads those that have young.

Ezekiel 34:2
"Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel; prophesy and say to them: 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: Woe to you shepherds of Israel who only take care of yourselves! Should not shepherds take care of the flock?

Ezekiel 34:11
"'For this is what the Sovereign LORD says: I myself will search for my sheep and look after them.

Ezekiel 34:23
I will place over them one shepherd, my servant David, and he will tend them; he will tend them and be their shepherd.

John 10:2
The one who enters by the gate is the shepherd of the sheep.

John 10:14
"I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me--

John 10:15
just as the Father knows me and I know the Father--and I lay down my life for the sheep.

John 10:17
The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life--only to take it up again.

John 10:18
No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from my Father."

John 15:13
Greater love has no one than this: to lay down one's life for one's friends.

Hebrews 13:20
Now may the God of peace, who through the blood of the eternal covenant brought back from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the sheep,

1 Peter 2:25
For "you were like sheep going astray," but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.

1 Peter 5:4
And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown of glory that will never fade away.

1 John 3:16
This is how we know what love is: Jesus Christ laid down his life for us. And we ought to lay down our lives for our brothers and sisters.

Revelation 7:17
For the Lamb at the center of the throne will be their shepherd; 'he will lead them to springs of living water.' 'And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.'"
Treasury of Scripture

I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd gives his life for the sheep.

the good.

John 10:14 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.

Psalm 23:1 The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.

Psalm 80:1 Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, you that lead Joseph like a flock; …

Isaiah 40:11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs …

Ezekiel 34:12,23 As a shepherd seeks out his flock in the day that he is among his …

Ezekiel 37:24 And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall …

Micah 5:4 And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty …

Zechariah 13:7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is …

Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, …

1 Peter 2:25 For you were as sheep going astray; but are now returned to the Shepherd …

1 Peter 5:4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, you shall receive a crown …

giveth.

Genesis 31:39,40 That which was torn of beasts I brought not to you; I bore the loss …

1 Samuel 17:34,35 And David said to Saul, Your servant kept his father's sheep, and …

2 Samuel 24:17 And David spoke to the LORD when he saw the angel that smote the …

Isaiah 53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his …

Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us…

Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, …

1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bore our sins in his own body on the tree, that …

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