Matthew 20:28
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many."

New Living Translation
For even the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve others and to give his life as a ransom for many."

English Standard Version
even as the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”

Berean Study Bible
just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life as a ransom for many."

Berean Literal Bible
even as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life as a ransom for many."

New American Standard Bible
just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many."

King James Bible
Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life--a ransom for many."

International Standard Version
That's the way it is with the Son of Man. He did not come to be served, but to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many people."

NET Bible
just as the Son of Man did not come to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many."

New Heart English Bible
even as the Son of Man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“Just as The Son of Man came, not to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give himself a ransom in the place of the many.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It's the same way with the Son of Man. He didn't come so that others could serve him. He came to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many people."

New American Standard 1977
just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister and to give his life a ransom for many.

King James 2000 Bible
Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

American King James Version
Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

American Standard Version
even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Even as the Son of man is not come to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a redemption for many.

Darby Bible Translation
as indeed the Son of man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many.

English Revised Version
even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

Webster's Bible Translation
Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

Weymouth New Testament
just as the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give His life as the redemption-price for many."

World English Bible
even as the Son of Man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many."

Young's Literal Translation
even as the Son of Man did not come to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.'
Study Bible
A Mother's Request
27and whoever wants to be first among you must be your slave— 28just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life as a ransom for many.” 29As they were leaving Jericho, a large crowd followed Him.…
Cross References
Matthew 8:20
Jesus replied, "Foxes have dens, and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay His head."

Matthew 20:27
and whoever wants to be first among you must be your slave--

Matthew 26:28
This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

Mark 10:45
For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life as a ransom for many."

Luke 22:27
For who is greater, the one who reclines at the table or the one who serves? Is not the one who reclines? But I am among you as the One who serves.

John 13:13
You call Me Teacher and Lord, and rightly so, because I am.

2 Corinthians 8:9
For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was rich, yet for your sakes He became poor, so that you through His poverty might become rich.

Philippians 2:7
but emptied Himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in human likeness.

1 Timothy 2:6
who gave Himself as a ransom for all--the testimony that was given at just the right time.

Titus 2:14
He gave Himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness and to purify for Himself a people for His own possession, zealous for good deeds.
Treasury of Scripture

Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

came.

Luke 22:27 For whether is greater, he that sits at meat, or he that serves? …

John 13:4-17 He rises from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, …

Philippians 2:4-8 Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things …

Hebrews 5:8 Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered;

and to.

Job 33:24 Then he is gracious to him, and said, Deliver him from going down …

Psalm 49:7 None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God …

Isaiah 53:5,8,10,11 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our …

Daniel 9:24-26 Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, …

John 10:15 As the Father knows me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down …

John 11:50-52 Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die …

Romans 3:24-26 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is …

Galatians 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse …

Ephesians 1:7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of …

Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us…

1 Timothy 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.

Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, …

Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many…

1 Peter 1:18,19 For as much as you know that you were not redeemed with corruptible …

1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bore our sins in his own body on the tree, that …

1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also has once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, …

Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first …

Revelation 5:8,9 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty …

for.

Matthew 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many …

Mark 14:24 And he said to them, This is my blood of the new testament, which …

Romans 5:15-19 But not as the offense, so also is the free gift. For if through …

Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many…

1 John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but …

(28) Not to be ministered unto.--The words found a symbolic illustration when our Lord, a few days afterwards, washed the feet of the disciples who were still contending about their claims to greatness (John 13:3-4); and the manner in which St. John connects the act with our Lord's manifested consciousness of His supreme greatness, seems to show that the words which we find here were then present to his thoughts. The Son of Man seemed to the beloved disciple never to have shown Himself so truly king like and divine as when engaged in that menial act. But that act, we must remember, was only an illustration; and the words found their true meaning in His whole life, in His poverty and humiliation, in the obedience of childhood, in service rendered, naturally or super-naturally, to the bodies or the souls of others.

To give his life a ransom for many.--The word rightly rendered "ransom," is primarily "a price made for deliverance," and in this sense it is found in the Greek version of the Old Testament for "the ransom" which is accepted instead of a man's life in Exodus 21:30, for the "price of redemption" accepted as an equivalent for an unexpired term of service in Leviticus 25:50, for riches as the "ransom of a man's life" in Proverbs 13:8. No shade of doubt accordingly rests on the meaning of the word. Those who heard could attach no other meaning to it than that He who spake them was about to offer up His life that others might be delivered. Seldom, perhaps, has a truth of such profound import been spoken, as it were, so incidentally. It is as if the words had been drawn from Him by the contrast between the disputes of the disciples and the work which had occupied His own thoughts as He walked on in silent solitude in advance of them. It is the first distinct utterance, we may note, of the plan and method of His work. He had spoken before of "saving" the lost (Matthew 18:11): now He declares that the work of "salvation" was to be also one of "redemption." It could only be accomplished by the payment of a price, and that price was His own life. The language of the Epistles as to the "redemption that is in Christ Jesus," our being "bought with a price" (Romans 3:24; 1Corinthians 6:20), "redeemed by His precious blood" (1Peter 1:19), the language of all Christendom in speaking of the Christ as our Redeemer, are the natural developments of that one pregnant word. The extent of the redemptive work, "for many," is here indefinite rather than universal, but "the ransom for all" of 1Timothy 2:6 shows in what sense it was received by those whom the Spirit of God was guiding into all truth. Even the preposition in, "for many" has a more distinct import than is given in the English version. It was, strictly speaking, a "ransom" instead of, in the place of, (???? not ????) "many." Without stating a theory of the atonement, it implied that our Lord's death was, in some way, representative and vicarious; and the same thought is expressed by St. Paul's choice of the compound substantive ??????????, when, using a different preposition, he speaks of it as a ransom for (????, i.e., on behalf of) all men (1Timothy 2:6).

Verse 28. - Even as. Christ adduces his own example as a pattern of profound humility. To minister. By his incarnation Christ assumed the lowliest life of man. He took upon himself the form of a servant, and was ever active in ministering to others' wants, going about doing good, healing the sick, cleansing lepers, casting out demons; always accessible, sympathetic, merciful; never weary of teaching, however fatigued in body; a servant to the race which he came to save. A ransom for many; λύτρον ἀντὶ πολλῶν: instead of many. The crowning example of his humility is that he gave his life as a ransom for the souls of men. This is the atonement, the sacrificial act, which (as the Mosaic sacrifices did in a partial and temporary manner) reconciled God and man. Whatever may be the way in which this atonement acts on the Divine mind, the expression here shows that it was vicarious and propitiatory, energizing, not by example, as an effort of superhuman self-denial, courage, and patience, but by an inherent power, as mysterious as it is efficacious. We can only say that, being the act of one who is God, its effects must necessarily be incomprehensible and infinite. The difficulties that beset this doctrine are increased by the fact that Jesus himself says little about the atoning nature of his sufferings and death - a topic which would not at this time have been properly received by friends or enemies, the former refusing to credit his approaching death, the latter being totally unable to conceive how such death could supersede Jewish sacrifices and reconcile the whole world to God (Sadler). Christ certainly died for all, as St. Paul says, "He gave himself a ransom for all (ἀντίλυτρον ὑπὲρ πάντων)" (1 Timothy 2:6), but all do not accept the offered salvation; hence arise the two expressions, "all" and "many," referring to the same object; "not," as an old Father says, "that salvation is limited, but men's efforts to obtain it are limited." The same expression was used by our Lord at the Last Supper, when he said, "This is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins" (Matthew 26:28). A comparison of the passages in which the death of Christ is connected with the salvation of men would show a similar interchange of terms, depending on the view which the writer is taking of the doctrine, whether an objective one or a subjective. In the former case we may cite Romans 5:15; 2 Corinthians 5:14; 1 Timothy 2:6; 1 John 2:2; in the latter, Romans 3:25, 26; Ephesians 5:2. Even as the son of man,.... Meaning himself, the seed of the woman, the son of Abraham, and of David, according to the flesh; and whom he proposes as an example of humility, and as an argument to draw them off from their ambitious views of worldly grandeur, and from all thoughts of the Messiah's setting up a temporal kingdom; since he

came not to be ministered unto by others; to be attended on in pomp and state, to have a numerous retinue about him, waiting upon him, and ministering to him; as is the case of the princes, and great men of the world; though he is Lord of all, and King of kings;

but to minister; in the form of a servant unto others, going about from place to place to do good, both to the bodies and souls of men: he "came" forth from his Father, down from heaven, into this world, by his assumption of human nature, to "minister" in the prophetic office, by preaching the Gospel, and working miracles, in confirmation of it; and in the priestly office, one branch of which is expressed in the next clause,

and to give his life a ransom for many: what he came to give was his life, which was his own, and than which nothing is more dear and precious: besides, his life was an uncommon one, being not only so useful to men, and entirely free from sin in itself, but was the life of the man Jesus, who is in union with the Son of God: this he came to "give", and did give into the hands of men, to the justice of God, and death itself; which giving, supposes it to be his own, and at his own disposal; was not forfeited by any act of his, nor was it forced from him, but freely laid down by him; and that as a "ransom", or redemption price for his people, to deliver them from the evil of sin, the bondage of Satan, the curses of a righteous law, from eternal death, and future wrath, and, in short, from all their enemies: which ransom price was paid "for" them in their room and stead, by Christ, as their substitute; who put himself in their legal place, and laid himself under obligation to pay their debts, and clear their scores, and redeem them from all their iniquities, and the evil consequences of them: and this he did "for many"; for as many as were ordained to eternal life; for as many as the Father gave unto him; for many out of every kindred, tongue, and people, and nation; but not for every individual of human nature; for many are not all. 20:20-28 The sons of Zebedee abused what Christ said to comfort the disciples. Some cannot have comforts but they turn them to a wrong purpose. Pride is a sin that most easily besets us; it is sinful ambition to outdo others in pomp and grandeur. To put down the vanity and ambition of their request, Christ leads them to the thoughts of their sufferings. It is a bitter cup that is to be drunk of; a cup of trembling, but not the cup of the wicked. It is but a cup, it is but a draught, bitter perhaps, but soon emptied; it is a cup in the hand of a Father, Joh 18:11. Baptism is an ordinance by which we are joined to the Lord in covenant and communion; and so is suffering for Christ, Eze 20:37; Isa 48:10. Baptism is an outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace; and so is suffering for Christ, for unto us it is given, Php 1:29. But they knew not what Christ's cup was, nor what his baptism. Those are commonly most confident, who are least acquainted with the cross. Nothing makes more mischief among brethren, than desire of greatness. And we never find Christ's disciples quarrelling, but something of this was at the bottom of it. That man who labours most diligently, and suffers most patiently, seeking to do good to his brethren, and to promote the salvation of souls, most resembles Christ, and will be most honoured by him to all eternity. Our Lord speaks of his death in the terms applied to the sacrifices of old. It is a sacrifice for the sins of men, and is that true and substantial sacrifice, which those of the law faintly and imperfectly represented. It was a ransom for many, enough for all, working upon many; and, if for many, then the poor trembling soul may say, Why not for me?
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