2 Corinthians 5:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For Christ's love compels us, because we are convinced that one died for all, and therefore all died.

New Living Translation
Either way, Christ's love controls us. Since we believe that Christ died for all, we also believe that we have all died to our old life.

English Standard Version
For the love of Christ controls us, because we have concluded this: that one has died for all, therefore all have died;

New American Standard Bible
For the love of Christ controls us, having concluded this, that one died for all, therefore all died;

King James Bible
For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For Christ's love compels us, since we have reached this conclusion: If One died for all, then all died.

International Standard Version
The love of the Messiah controls us, for we are convinced of this: that one person died for all people; therefore, all people have died.

NET Bible
For the love of Christ controls us, since we have concluded this, that Christ died for all; therefore all have died.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For the love of The Messiah compels us to reason this: The One died in the place of every person; so then every person died with him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Clearly, Christ's love guides us. We are convinced of the fact that one man has died for all people. Therefore, all people have died.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For the charity of the Christ constrains us because we judge thus: that if one died for all, then all are dead:

King James 2000 Bible
For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:

American King James Version
For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:

American Standard Version
For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that one died for all, therefore all died;

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the charity of Christ presseth us: judging this, that if one died for all, then all were dead.

Darby Bible Translation
For the love of the Christ constrains us, having judged this: that one died for all, then all have died;

English Revised Version
For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that one died for all, therefore all died;

Webster's Bible Translation
For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:

Weymouth New Testament
For the love of Christ overmasters us, the conclusion at which we have arrived being this--that One having died for all, His death was their death,

World English Bible
For the love of Christ constrains us; because we judge thus, that one died for all, therefore all died.

Young's Literal Translation
for the love of the Christ doth constrain us, having judged thus: that if one for all died, then the whole died,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:9-15 The apostle quickens himself and others to acts of duty. Well-grounded hopes of heaven will not encourage sloth and sinful security. Let all consider the judgment to come, which is called, The terror of the Lord. Knowing what terrible vengeance the Lord would execute upon the workers of iniquity, the apostle and his brethren used every argument and persuasion, to lead men to believe in the Lord Jesus, and to act as his disciples. Their zeal and diligence were for the glory of God and the good of the church. Christ's love to us will have a like effect upon us, if duly considered and rightly judged. All were lost and undone, dead and ruined, slaves to sin, having no power to deliver themselves, and must have remained thus miserable for ever, if Christ had not died. We should not make ourselves, but Christ, the end of our living and actions. A Christian's life should be devoted to Christ. Alas, how many show the worthlessness of their professed faith and love, by living to themselves and to the world!

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 14. - The love of Christ. It matters little whether this be interpreted as a subjective genitive, "Christ's love to man," or as an objective genitive, our love to Christ;" for the two suppose and interfuse each other. St. Paul's usage, however, favours the former interpretation (2 Corinthians 13:14; 1 Corinthians 16:24). Constraineth. The word means that it compresses us, and therefore keeps us irresistibly to one object (Luke 12:50). That if one died for all, then were all dead. This is an unfortunate mistranslation and wrong reading for that one died for all, therefore all died. What compels Paul to sacrifice himself to the work of God for his converts is the conviction, which he formed once for all at his conversion, that One, even Christ, died on behalf of all men (Romans 5:15-19) a redeeming death (ver. 21); and that, consequently, in that death, all potentially died with him - died to their life of sin, and rose to the life of righteousness. The best comments on this bold and concentrated phrase are - "I died to the Law that I might live to Christ;" "I have been crucified with Christ" (Galatians 2:19, 20); and, "Ye died, and your life has been hidden with Christ in God" (Colossians 3:3). When Christ died, all humanity, of which he was the federal Head, died potentially with him to sin and selfishness, as he further shows in the next verse.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For the love of Christ constraineth us,.... Or "containeth us"; holds and keeps us in our station and duty, as soldiers are held and kept together under a banner, or ensign displayed; to which the church refers, when she says, "his banner over me was love", Sol 2:4. Nothing more effectually keeps ministers, or other believers, in the work and service of their Lord, or more strongly obliges and constrains them to a cheerful discharge of their duty to him, and one another, than his love displayed in his covenant engagements, in his assumption of human nature, and particularly in his dying for them, which is the instance given in the text:

because we thus judge; having well weighed, and maturely considered the affair,

that if one died for all, then were all dead; or "seeing one died for all"; for it is rather an assertion than a supposition, upon which the apostle reasons. The person designed, who died for all, is Jesus Christ, though not mentioned, and is to be supplied from the former clause. The doctrine of Christ's dying for men was well known, so that there was no need to mention his name; he is called "one", in distinction to the "all" he died for, and as exclusive of all others, he being sufficient of himself to answer the ends of his death; and therefore is to be looked unto, and believed on, alone for salvation, and to have all the glory of it. The manner of his dying is for, or in the room and stead of all; so that he died not merely as a martyr, or by way of example, or only for their good, but as their substitute, in their room and stead, having all the sins of his people upon him, for which he made satisfaction; and this the nature of his death shows, which was a sacrifice, a ransom, a propitiation and atonement. The persons for whom Christ died are all; not every individual of mankind, but all his people, all his sheep, all the members of his church, or all the sons he, as the great Captain of salvation, brings to glory. Wherefore this text does not make for the doctrine of general redemption; for it should be observed, that it does not say that Christ died for "all men", but for "all"; and so, agreeably to the Scriptures, may be understood of all the persons mentioned. Moreover, in the latter part of the text it is said, that those for whom Christ died, for them he rose again; he died for no more, nor for others, than those for whom he rose again: now those for whom he rose again, he rose for their justification; wherefore, if Christ rose for the justification of all men, all would be justified, or the end of Christ's resurrection would not be answered; but all men are not, nor will they be justified, some will be condemned; hence it follows, that Christ did not rise from the dead for all men, and consequently did not die for all men: besides, the "all" for whom Christ died, died with him, and through his death are dead both to the law and sin; and he died for them, that they might live, not to themselves, but to him; neither of which are true of all the individuals of mankind: to which may be added, that the context explains the all of such who are in Christ, are new creatures, are reconciled to God, whose trespasses are not imputed to them, for whom Christ was made sin, and who are made the righteousness of God in him; which cannot be said of all men. The conclusion from hence is,

then were all dead; meaning, either that those for whom Christ died, were dead in Adam, dead in law, dead in trespasses and sins, which made it necessary for him to die for them; otherwise, there would have been no occasion for his death; yet it does not follow from hence, that Christ died for all that are in such a condition; only that those for whom Christ died were dead in this sense, admitting this to be the sense of the passage; though death in sin seems not to be intended, since that all men are dead in sin, would have been a truth, if Christ had died for none; and much less is this an effect, or what follows upon the death of Christ; nor does it capacitate, but renders men incapable of living to Christ: wherefore a mystical death in, and with Christ, seems rather to he meant; and so the Ethiopic version reads it, "in whom everyone is dead". Christ died as the head and representative of his people, and they all died in him, were crucified with him, and through his death became dead to the law, as to its curse and condemnation; and to sin, as to its damning power, being acquitted, discharged, and justified from it; the consequence of which is a deliverance from the dominion of it, whereby they become capable of living to the glory of Christ. The sense of the passage is not, that Christ died for all that were dead, but that all were dead for whom he died; which is true of them, whether in the former, or in the latter sense: the article is anaphorical or relative, as Beza and Piscator observe; and the meaning is, that if Christ died for all, then all "those" were dead for whom he died.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

14. For—Accounting for his being "beside himself" with enthusiasm: the love of Christ towards us (in His death for us, the highest proof of it, Ro 5:6-8), producing in turn love in us to Him, and not mere "terror" (2Co 5:11).

constraineth us—with irresistible power limits us to the one great object to the exclusion of other considerations. The Greek implies to compress forcibly the energies into one channel. Love is jealous of any rival object engrossing the soul (2Co 11:1-3).

because we thus judge—literally, "(as) having judged thus"; implying a judgment formed at conversion, and ever since regarded as a settled truth.

that if—that is, that since. But the oldest manuscripts omit "if." "That one died for all (Greek, 'in behalf of all')." Thus the following clause will be, "Therefore all (literally, 'the all,' namely, for whom He 'died') died." His dying is just the same as if they all died; and in their so dying, they died to sin and self, that they might live to God their Redeemer, whose henceforth they are (Ro 6:2-11; Ga 2:20; Col 3:3; 1Pe 4:1-3).

2 Corinthians 5:14 Additional Commentaries
We are Christ's Ambassadors
13For if we are beside ourselves, it is for God; if we are of sound mind, it is for you. 14For the love of Christ controls us, having concluded this, that one died for all, therefore all died; 15and He died for all, so that they who live might no longer live for themselves, but for Him who died and rose again on their behalf.…
Cross References
Acts 18:5
When Silas and Timothy came from Macedonia, Paul devoted himself exclusively to preaching, testifying to the Jews that Jesus was the Messiah.

Romans 5:15
But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God's grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!

Romans 6:6
For we know that our old self was crucified with him so that the body ruled by sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves to sin--

Romans 6:13
Do not offer any part of yourself to sin as an instrument of wickedness, but rather offer yourselves to God as those who have been brought from death to life; and offer every part of yourself to him as an instrument of righteousness.

Galatians 2:20
I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.

Colossians 3:3
For you died, and your life is now hidden with Christ in God.
Treasury of Scripture

For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:

the love.

2 Corinthians 8:8,9 I speak not by commandment, but by occasion of the forwardness of …

Songs 1:4 Draw me, we will run after you: the king has brought me into his …

Songs 8:6,7 Set me as a seal on your heart, as a seal on your arm: for love is …

Matthew 10:37,38 He that loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: …

Luke 7:42-47 And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them both. Tell …

John 14:21-23 He that has my commandments, and keeps them, he it is that loves …

John 21:15-17 So when they had dined, Jesus said to Simon Peter, Simon, son of …

1 Corinthians 16:22 If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be Anathema Maranatha.

Ephesians 3:18,19 May be able to comprehend with all saints what is the breadth, and …

Ephesians 6:24 Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen.

Hebrews 6:10 For God is not unrighteous to forget your work and labor of love, …

1 Peter 1:8 Whom having not seen, you love; in whom, though now you see him not, …


Job 32:18 For I am full of matter, the spirit within me constrains me.

Luke 24:29 But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward …

Acts 4:19,20 But Peter and John answered and said to them, Whether it be right …


Romans 2:2 But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against …

1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receives not the things of the Spirit of God: …


Isaiah 53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his …

Matthew 20:28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered to, but to minister, …

John 1:29 The next day John sees Jesus coming to him, and said, Behold the …

John 11:50-52 Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die …

1 Timothy 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.

Hebrews 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for …

1 John 2:1,2 My little children, these things write I to you, that you sin not. …


2 Corinthians 3:7,9 But if the ministration of death, written and engraved in stones, …

Luke 15:24,32 For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is …

John 5:25 Truly, truly, I say to you, The hour is coming, and now is, when …

John 11:25 Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believes …

Romans 5:15 But not as the offense, so also is the free gift. For if through …

Romans 14:7-9 For none of us lives to himself, and no man dies to himself…

Ephesians 2:1-5 And you has he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins…

Colossians 2:13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your …

1 Timothy 5:6 But she that lives in pleasure is dead while she lives.

Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, …

1 John 5:19 And we know that we are of God, and the whole world lies in wickedness.

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