473. anti
Strong's Concordance
anti: over against, opposite, hence instead of, in comp. denotes contrast, requital, substitution, correspondence
Original Word: ἀντί
Part of Speech: Preposition
Transliteration: anti
Phonetic Spelling: (an-tee')
Short Definition: instead of, for
Definition: (a) instead of, in return for, over against, opposite, in exchange for, as a substitute for, (b) on my behalf, (c) wherefore, because.
HELPS Word-studies

473 antí (a preposition) – properly, opposite, corresponding to, off-setting (over-against); (figuratively) "in place of," i.e. what substitutes (serves as an equivalent, what is proportional).

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. preposition, also a prefix
Definition
over against, opposite, hence instead of, in comp. denotes contrast, requital, substitution, correspondence
NASB Translation
accordingly (1), because* (4), instead (2), place (1), reason (1).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 473: ἀντί

ἀντί (before ὤν, ἀνθ'; elsewhere neglecting elision) a preposition followed by the genitive (answering to the Latinante and the German prefixesant-,ent-), in the use of which the N. T. writings coincide with the Greek (Winer's Grammar, 364 (341));

1. properly, it seems to have signified over against, opposite to, before, in a local sense (Alexander Buttmann (1873) Gram., p. 412; (cf. Curtius, § 204)). Hence,

2. indicating exchange, succession, for, instead of, in place of (something).

a. universally, instead of: ἀντί ἰχθύος ὄφιν, Luke 11:11; ἀντί περιβολαίου to serve as a covering, 1 Corinthians 11:15; ἀντί τοῦ λέγειν, James 4:15 (ἀντί τοῦ with the infinitive often in Greek writings (Winers Grammar, 329 (309); Buttmann, 263 (226))).

b. of that for which anything is given, received, endured: Matthew 5:38; Matthew 17:27 (to release me and thyself from obligation); Hebrews 12:2 (to obtain the joy; cf. Bleek, Lünemann, or Delitzsch at the passage); of the price of sale (or purchase): Hebrews 12:16; λύτρον ἀντί πολλῶν, Matthew 20:28; Mark 10:45. Then c. of recompense: κακόν ἀντί κακοῦ ἀποδιδόναι, Romans 12:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:15; 1 Peter 3:9,(Wis. 11:16 (15)). ἀνθ' ὧν equivalent to ἀντί τούτων, ὅτι for that, because: Luke 1:20; Luke 19:44; Acts 12:23; 2 Thessalonians 2:10 (also in secular authors (examples in Wetstein (1752) on Luke 1:20); cf. Herm. ad Vig., p. 710; (Winers Grammar, 364 (342), cf. 162 (153); Buttmann, 105 (92)); Hebrew אֲשֶׁר תַּחַת, Deuteronomy 21:14; 2 Kings 22:17).

d. of the cause: ἀνθ' ὧν wherefore, Luke 12:3; ἀντί τούτου for this cause, Ephesians 5:31.

e. of succession to the place of another: Ἀρχέλαος βασιλεύει ἀντί Ἡρῴδου in place of Herod, Matthew 2:22 (1 Kings 11:44; Herodotus 1, 108; Xenophon, an. 1, 1, 4). χάριν ἀντί χάριτος grace in the place of grace, grace succeeding grace perpetually, i. e. the richest abundance of grace, John 1:16 (Theognis, verse 344 ἀντ' ἀνιων ἀνιας (yet cf. the context verse 342 (vss. 780 and 778, Welcker edition); more appropriate are the references to Philo, i. 254, Mang. edition (de poster. Caini § 43, vol. ii. 39, Richter edition), and Chrysostom de sacerdot. l. 6 c. 13 § 622)).

3. As a prefix, it denotes a. opposite, over against: ἀντιπεραι, ἀντιπαρέρχεσθαι.

b. the mutual efficiency of two: ἀντιβάλλειν, ἀντικάλειν, ἀντιλοιδόρειν.

c. requital: ἀντιμισθία, ἀνταποδίδωμι.

d. hostile opposition: ἀντίχριστος.

e. official substitution instead of: ἀνθύπατος.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
for, in the place of.

A primary particle; opposite, i.e. Instead or because of (rarely in addition to) -- for, in the room of. Often used in composition to denote contrast, requital, substitution, correspondence, etc.

Forms and Transliterations
ανθ ανθ' ἀνθ' αντ' αντι αντί ἀντὶ αυτής anth anth' anti antì
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Greek 473
22 Occurrences


ἀνθ' — 5 Occ.
ἀντὶ — 17 Occ.

Matthew 2:22 Prep
GRK: τῆς Ἰουδαίας ἀντὶ τοῦ πατρὸς
NAS: over Judea in place of his father
KJV: in Judaea in the room of his father
INT: Judea in place of the father

Matthew 5:38 Prep
GRK: ἐρρέθη Ὀφθαλμὸν ἀντὶ ὀφθαλμοῦ καὶ
KJV: An eye for an eye,
INT: it was said Eye for eye and

Matthew 5:38 Prep
GRK: καὶ ὀδόντα ἀντὶ ὀδόντος
KJV: and a tooth for a tooth:
INT: and tooth for tooth

Matthew 17:27 Prep
GRK: δὸς αὐτοῖς ἀντὶ ἐμοῦ καὶ
KJV: and give unto them for me and
INT: give to them for me and

Matthew 20:28 Prep
GRK: αὐτοῦ λύτρον ἀντὶ πολλῶν
KJV: life a ransom for many.
INT: of him [as] a ransom for many

Mark 10:45 Prep
GRK: αὐτοῦ λύτρον ἀντὶ πολλῶν
KJV: life a ransom for many.
INT: of him [as] a ransom for many

Luke 1:20 Prep
GRK: γένηται ταῦτα ἀνθ' ὧν οὐκ
NAS: take place, because you did not believe
KJV: shall be performed, because thou believest
INT: shall take place these things in return for that not

Luke 11:11 Prep
GRK: ἰχθύν καὶ ἀντὶ ἰχθύος ὄφιν
NAS: him a snake instead of a fish,
KJV: will he for a fish
INT: a fish also instead of a fish a serpent

Luke 12:3 Prep
GRK: ἀνθ' ὧν ὅσα
NAS: Accordingly, whatever you have said
KJV: Therefore whatsoever ye have spoken
INT: in place of that which whatever

Luke 19:44 Prep
GRK: ἐν σοί ἀνθ' ὧν οὐκ
NAS: upon another, because you did not recognize
KJV: upon another; because thou knewest not
INT: in you in place of which not

John 1:16 Prep
GRK: καὶ χάριν ἀντὶ χάριτος
KJV: and grace for grace.
INT: moreover grace upon grace

Acts 12:23 Prep
GRK: ἄγγελος Κυρίου ἀνθ' ὧν οὐκ
NAS: struck him because he did not give
KJV: smote him, because he gave not
INT: an angel of [the] Lord in return for which not

Romans 12:17 Prep
GRK: μηδενὶ κακὸν ἀντὶ κακοῦ ἀποδιδόντες
KJV: to no man evil for evil. Provide
INT: to no one evil for evil repay

1 Corinthians 11:15 Prep
GRK: ἡ κόμη ἀντὶ περιβολαίου δέδοται
KJV: is given her for a covering.
INT: the long hair instead for a covering is given

Ephesians 5:31 Prep
GRK: ἀντὶ τούτου καταλείψει
NAS: FOR THIS REASON A MAN SHALL LEAVE
KJV: For this cause shall
INT: Because of this will leave

1 Thessalonians 5:15 Prep
GRK: τις κακὸν ἀντὶ κακοῦ τινὶ
KJV: render evil for evil unto any
INT: anyone evil for evil to anyone

2 Thessalonians 2:10 Prep
GRK: τοῖς ἀπολλυμένοις ἀνθ' ὧν τὴν
NAS: who perish, because they did not receive
KJV: them that perish; because they received
INT: them that perish in return for which the

Hebrews 12:2 Prep
GRK: Ἰησοῦν ὃς ἀντὶ τῆς προκειμένης
KJV: who for the joy
INT: Jesus who in view of the lying before

Hebrews 12:16 Prep
GRK: Ἠσαῦ ὃς ἀντὶ βρώσεως μιᾶς
KJV: Esau, who for one morsel of meat
INT: Esau who for meal one

James 4:15 Prep
GRK: ἀντὶ τοῦ λέγειν
NAS: Instead, [you ought] to say, If
KJV: For that ye [ought] to say,
INT: instead [ought] to say

1 Peter 3:9 Prep
GRK: ἀποδιδόντες κακὸν ἀντὶ κακοῦ ἢ
KJV: rendering evil for evil, or
INT: rendering evil for evil or

1 Peter 3:9 Prep
GRK: ἢ λοιδορίαν ἀντὶ λοιδορίας τοὐναντίον
KJV: or railing for railing: but
INT: or railing for railing on the contrary

22 Occurrences

472
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