Amos 5:12
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
For I know how many are your offenses and how great your sins. There are those who oppress the innocent and take bribes and deprive the poor of justice in the courts.

New Living Translation
For I know the vast number of your sins and the depth of your rebellions. You oppress good people by taking bribes and deprive the poor of justice in the courts.

English Standard Version
For I know how many are your transgressions and how great are your sins— you who afflict the righteous, who take a bribe, and turn aside the needy in the gate.

New American Standard Bible
For I know your transgressions are many and your sins are great, You who distress the righteous and accept bribes And turn aside the poor in the gate.

King James Bible
For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate from their right.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For I know your crimes are many and your sins innumerable. They oppress the righteous, take a bribe, and deprive the poor of justice at the gates.

International Standard Version
and because I know that your transgressions are many, and your sins are numerous as you oppose the righteous, taking bribes as a ransom, and turning away the poor in court —

NET Bible
Certainly I am aware of your many rebellious acts and your numerous sins. You torment the innocent, you take bribes, and you deny justice to the needy at the city gate.

New Heart English Bible
For I know how many your offenses, and how great are your sins--you who afflict the just, who take a bribe, and who turn aside the needy in the courts.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I know that your crimes are numerous and your sins are many. You oppress the righteous by taking bribes. You deny the needy access to the courts.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For I know how manifold are your transgressions, And how mighty are your sins; Ye that afflict the just, that take a ransom, And that turn aside the needy in the gate.

New American Standard 1977
For I know your transgressions are many and your sins are great,
            You who distress the righteous and accept bribes,
            And turn aside the poor in the gate.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For I have known of your many rebellions and your great sins that afflict the just and take a ransom and turn aside the poor in the gate from their right.

King James 2000 Bible
For I know your manifold transgressions, and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate from their right.

American King James Version
For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate from their right.

American Standard Version
For I know how manifold are your transgressions, and how mighty are your sins-ye that afflict the just, that take a bribe, and that turn aside the needy in the gate from their right .

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because I know your manifold crimes, and your grievous sine: enemies of the just, taking bribes, and oppressing the poor in the gate.

Darby Bible Translation
For I know how manifold are your transgressions and your sins mighty: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside [the right of] the needy in the gate.

English Revised Version
For I know how manifold are your transgressions, and how mighty are your sins; ye that afflict the just, that take a bribe, and that turn aside the needy in the gate from their right.

Webster's Bible Translation
For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate from their right.

World English Bible
For I know how many your offenses, and how great are your sins-- you who afflict the just, who take a bribe, and who turn aside the needy in the courts.

Young's Literal Translation
For I have known -- many are your transgressions, And mighty your sins, Adversaries of the righteous, taking ransoms, And the needy in the gate ye turned aside.
Study Bible
A Call to Repentance
11Therefore because you impose heavy rent on the poor And exact a tribute of grain from them, Though you have built houses of well-hewn stone, Yet you will not live in them; You have planted pleasant vineyards, yet you will not drink their wine. 12For I know your transgressions are many and your sins are great, You who distress the righteous and accept bribes And turn aside the poor in the gate. 13Therefore at such a time the prudent person keeps silent, for it is an evil time.…
Cross References
Psalm 127:5
How blessed is the man whose quiver is full of them; They will not be ashamed When they speak with their enemies in the gate.

Proverbs 17:8
A bribe is a charm in the sight of its owner; Wherever he turns, he prospers.

Isaiah 1:23
Your rulers are rebels And companions of thieves; Everyone loves a bribe And chases after rewards. They do not defend the orphan, Nor does the widow's plea come before them.

Isaiah 5:23
Who justify the wicked for a bribe, And take away the rights of the ones who are in the right!

Isaiah 29:21
Who cause a person to be indicted by a word, And ensnare him who adjudicates at the gate, And defraud the one in the right with meaningless arguments.

Ezekiel 13:22
"Because you disheartened the righteous with falsehood when I did not cause him grief, but have encouraged the wicked not to turn from his wicked way and preserve his life,

Hosea 5:3
I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hidden from Me; For now, O Ephraim, you have played the harlot, Israel has defiled itself.

Amos 2:3
"I will also cut off the judge from her midst And slay all her princes with him," says the LORD.

Amos 2:6
Thus says the LORD, "For three transgressions of Israel and for four I will not revoke its punishment, Because they sell the righteous for money And the needy for a pair of sandals.

Amos 2:7
"These who pant after the very dust of the earth on the head of the helpless Also turn aside the way of the humble; And a man and his father resort to the same girl In order to profane My holy name.
Treasury of Scripture

For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate from their right.

I know.

Deuteronomy 31:21 And it shall come to pass, when many evils and troubles are befallen …

Isaiah 66:18 For I know their works and their thoughts: it shall come, that I …

Jeremiah 29:23 Because they have committed villainy in Israel, and have committed …

Hebrews 4:12,13 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any …

manifold.

2 Kings 17:7-17 For so it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the …

Isaiah 47:9 But these two things shall come to you in a moment in one day, the …

they afflict.

Amos 2:6,7,16 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, …

Acts 3:13,14 The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, …

Acts 7:52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they …

James 5:4,6 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, …

take.

1 Samuel 8:3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, …

Psalm 26:9,10 Gather not my soul with sinners, nor my life with bloody men…

Isaiah 1:23 Your princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one …

Isaiah 33:15 He that walks righteously, and speaks uprightly; he that despises …

Micah 3:11 The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach …

Micah 7:3 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asks, …

bribe. or, ransom. and they.

Amos 2:7 That pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor, and …

Isaiah 10:2 To turn aside the needy from judgment, and to take away the right …

Isaiah 29:21 That make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that …

Lamentations 3:34 To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the earth.

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness …

in the.

Amos 5:10 They hate him that rebukes in the gate, and they abhor him that speaks …

Deuteronomy 16:18 Judges and officers shall you make you in all your gates, which the …

Ruth 4:1 Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, …

Job 29:7-25 When I went out to the gate through the city, when I prepared my …

Job 31:21 If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my …

Proverbs 22:22 Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

(12) I know.--Most of the commentators imply that the "I" is Jehovah, but it is more likely to be the prophet himself. The adjectives "manifold," "mighty," should be rendered as predicates, That manifold are your transgressions, and mighty your sins, ye afflicters of the just and takers of a bribe, and ye who bow down the poor in the gate. The idea involved in the word rendered "bribe" is the ransom which the poor and defenceless were obliged to pay to a tyrannical judge, in order to escape a harsh sentence. The "gate" is the place where judgment is passed by the chief men.

Verse 12. - Your punishment is richly deserved, for "I know how many are your transgressions and how mighty are your sins," especially, as it follows, your sins of oppression and injustice. They afflict the just. The construction is continuous: "afflicters of the just." Hostes justi (Vulgate); καταπατοῦντες δίκαιον, "trampling down the just" (Septuagint); comp. Wisd. 2:12-15. They take a bribe. The translation of kopher as "bribe" is justified, perhaps, by 1 Samuel 12:3; but the word is elsewhere used for "ransom," redemption money paid to escape the consequences of crime (Proverbs 6:35), in direct opposition to the Law in Numbers 35:31, which forbade any ransom to be taken for the life of a murderer. The Septuagint has, λαμβάνοντες ἀλλάγματα "taking wares;" the Vulgate (with which the Syriac agrees), accipientes munus. Turn aside the poor in the gate from their right; or, bow down the needy in the gate, i.e. in the place of judgment (see note on ver. 10). Vulgate, pauperes deprimentes in porta; Septuagint, πένητας ἐν πύλαις ἐκκλίνοντες, "turning aside the poor in the gates." The crime specified is that of wresting judgment in the case of the poor, or not giving the poor man justice unless he could pay for it (comp. Exodus 23:6; Deuteronomy 16:19). For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins,.... Their sins were numerous, and of the first magnitude, attended with very heavy aggravations; and these with all their circumstances were well known to the omniscient God, and therefore he determined to punish them as he had threatened. Some of their transgressions are pointed out, as follow:

they afflict the just; who are so both in a moral and evangelic sense; not comparatively only, but really; and particularly whose cause was just, and yet were vexed and distressed by unjust judges, who gave the cause against them, made them pay all costs and charges, and severely mulcted them: they take a bribe; of those that were against the just, and gave the cause for them. The word signifies "a ransom" (f). The Targum it false mammon. Corrupt and unjust judges are here taxed:

and they turn aside the poor in the gate from their right; in the court of judicature, where they should have done them justice, such courts being usually held in the gates of cities; but instead of that they perverted their judgment, and did them wrong.

(f) "pretium redemptionis", Mercerus, Liveleus, Drusius, Lytron, Cocceius. 12. they afflict … they take—rather, "(ye) who afflict … take."

bribe—literally, a price with which one who has an unjust cause ransoms himself from your sentence (1Sa 12:3, Margin; Pr 6:35).

turn aside the poor in the gate—refuse them their right in the place of justice (Am 2:7; Isa 29:21).5:7-17 The same almighty power can, for repenting sinners, easily turn affliction and sorrow into prosperity and joy, and as easily turn the prosperity of daring sinners into utter darkness. Evil times will not bear plain dealing; that is, evil men will not. And these men were evil men indeed, when wise and good men thought it in vain even to speak to them. Those who will seek and love that which is good, may help to save the land from ruin. It behoves us to plead God's spiritual promises, to beseech him to create in us a clean heart, and to renew a right spirit within us. The Lord is ever ready to be gracious to the souls that seek him; and then piety and every duty will be attended to. But as for sinful Israel, God's judgments had often passed by them, now they shall pass through them.
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