Genesis 2:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And the LORD God commanded the man, "You are free to eat from any tree in the garden;

New Living Translation
But the LORD God warned him, "You may freely eat the fruit of every tree in the garden--

English Standard Version
And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garden,

New American Standard Bible
The LORD God commanded the man, saying, "From any tree of the garden you may eat freely;

King James Bible
And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And the LORD God commanded the man, "You are free to eat from any tree of the garden,

International Standard Version
The LORD God commanded the man: "You may freely eat from every tree of the garden,

NET Bible
Then the LORD God commanded the man, "You may freely eat fruit from every tree of the orchard,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD God commanded the man. He said, "You are free to eat from any tree in the garden.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou may freely eat;

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat:

American King James Version
And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat:

American Standard Version
And Jehovah God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he commanded him, saying: Of every tree of paradise thou shalt eat:

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah Elohim commanded Man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou shalt freely eat;

English Revised Version
And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:

World English Bible
Yahweh God commanded the man, saying, "Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat;

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah God layeth a charge on the man, saying, 'Of every tree of the garden eating thou dost eat;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:16,17 Let us never set up our own will against the holy will of God. There was not only liberty allowed to man, in taking the fruits of paradise, but everlasting life made sure to him upon his obedience. There was a trial appointed of his obedience. By transgression he would forfeit his Maker's favour, and deserve his displeasure, with all its awful effects; so that he would become liable to pain, disease, and death. Worse than that, he would lose the holy image of God, and all the comfort of his favour; and feel the torment of sinful passions, and the terror of his Maker's vengeance, which must endure for ever with his never dying soul. The forbidding to eat of the fruit of a particular tree was wisely suited to the state of our first parents. In their state of innocence, and separated from any others, what opportunity or what temptation had they to break any of the ten commandments? The event proves that the whole human race were concerned in the trial and fall of our first parents. To argue against these things is to strive against stubborn facts, as well as Divine revelation; for man is sinful, and shows by his first actions, and his conduct ever afterwards, that he is ready to do evil. He is under the Divine displeasure, exposed to sufferings and death. The Scriptures always speak of man as of this sinful character, and in this miserable state; and these things are true of men in all ages, and of all nations.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 16, 17. - And Jehovah Elohim commanded the man (Adam), saying. Whether or not these were the first words listened to by man (Murphy), they clearly presuppose the person to whom they were addressed to have had the power of understanding language, i.e. of interpreting vocal sounds, and representing to his own mind the conceptions or ideas of which they were the signs, a degree of intellectual development altogether incompatible with modern evolution theories. They likewise assume the pre-existence of a moral nature which could recognize the distinction between "thou shalt" and "thou shalt not." Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat; literally, eating, thou shalt eat. Adam, it thus appears, was permitted to partake of the tree of life; not, however, as a means of either conferring or preserving immortality, which was already his by Divine gift, and the only method of conserving which recognized by the narrative was abstaining from the tree of knowledge; but as a symbol and guarantee of that immortality with which he had been endowed, and which would continue to be his so long as he maintained his personal integrity. This, of course, by the very terms of his existence, he was under obligation to do, apart altogether from any specific enactment which God might enjoin. As a moral being, he had the law written on his conscience. But, as if to give a visible embodiment to that law, and at the same time to test his allegiance to his Maker's will, which is the kernel of all true obedience, an injunction was laid upon him of a positive description - But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it. Speculations as to what kind of tree it was, whether a vine, a fig, or an apple tree, are more curious than profitable. There is no reason to suppose that any noxious or lethiferous properties resided in its fruit. The death that was to follow on transgression was to spring from the eating, and not from the fruit; from the sinful act, and not from the creature, which in itself was good. The prohibition laid on Adam was for the time being a summary of the Divine law. Hence the tree was a sign and symbol of what that law required. And in this, doubtless, lies the explanation of its name. It was a concrete representation of that fundamental distinction between right and wrong, duty and sin, which lies at the basis of all responsibility. It interpreted for the first pair those great moral intuitions which had been implanted in their natures, and by which it was intended they should regulate their lives. Thus it was for them a tree of the knowledge of good and evil. It brought out that knowledge which they already possessed into the clear light of definite conviction and precept, connecting it at the same time with the Divine will as its source and with themselves as its end. Further, it was an intelligible declaration of the duty which that knowledge of good and evil imposed upon them. Through its penalty it likewise indicated both the good which would be reaped by obedience and the evil which would follow on transgression. For in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die; literally, dying, thou shalt die. That this involved death physical, or the dissolution of the body, is indicated by the sentence pronounced on Adam after he had fallen (Genesis 3:19). That the sentence was hot immediately executed does not disprove its reality. It only suggests that its suspension may have been due to some Divine interposition. Yet universal experience attests that permanent escape from its execution is impossible. In the case of Adam it was thus far put in force on the instant, that henceforth he ceased to be immortal. As prior to his fall his immortality was sure, being authenticated for him by the tree of life, so now, subsequent to that catastrophe, his mortality was certain. This, more than immediateness, is what the language implies. For the complete theological significance of this penalty see Genesis 3:19.



Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the Lord God commanded the man,.... Over whom he had power and authority; and he had a right to command him what he pleased, being his Creator, benefactor, and preserver; and this is to be understood not of man only, but of the woman also, whose creation, though related afterwards, yet was before this grant to eat of all the trees of the garden but one, and the prohibition of the fruit of that; for that she was in being, and present at this time, seems manifest from Genesis 3:2.

saying, of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: a very generous, large, and liberal allowance this: or "in eating thou mayest eat" (y); which was giving full power, and leaving them without any doubt and uncertainty about their food; which they might freely take, and freely eat of, wherever they found it, or were inclined to, even of any, and every tree in the garden, excepting one, next forbidden.

(y) "comedendo comedas", Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus, Drusius, &c.



Genesis 2:16 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Forbidden Fruit
15Then the LORD God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it. 16The LORD God commanded the man, saying, "From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; 17but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die."
Cross References
Genesis 2:15
The LORD God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it.

Genesis 3:2
The woman said to the serpent, "We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden,

Genesis 3:3
but God did say, 'You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.'"
Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat:

God.

1 Samuel 15:22 And Samuel said, Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings …

thou mayest freely eat. Heb. eating thou shalt eat.

Genesis 2:9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is …

Genesis 3:1,2 Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which …

1 Timothy 4:4 For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if …

1 Timothy 6:17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high minded, …

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