Genesis 2:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The LORD God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it.

New Living Translation
The LORD God placed the man in the Garden of Eden to tend and watch over it.

English Standard Version
The LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it.

New American Standard Bible
Then the LORD God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it.

King James Bible
And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD God took the man and placed him in the garden of Eden to work it and watch over it.

International Standard Version
The LORD God took the man and placed him in the Garden of Eden in order to have him work it and guard it.

NET Bible
The LORD God took the man and placed him in the orchard in Eden to care for it and to maintain it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then the LORD God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to farm the land and to take care of it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the LORD God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to work it and to keep it.

American King James Version
And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

American Standard Version
And Jehovah God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord God took man, and put him into the paradise for pleasure, to dress it, and keep it.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah Elohim took Man, and put him into the garden of Eden, to till it and to guard it.

English Revised Version
And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden, to dress it, and to keep it.

World English Bible
Yahweh God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah God taketh the man, and causeth him to rest in the garden of Eden, to serve it, and to keep it.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:15 After God had formed Adam, he put him in the garden. All boasting was thereby shut out. Only he that made us can make us happy; he that is the Former of our bodies, and the Father of our spirits, and none but he, can fully provide for the happiness of both. Even in paradise itself man had to work. None of us were sent into the world to be idle. He that made our souls and bodies, has given us something to work with; and he that gave us this earth for our habitation, has made us something to work upon. The sons and heirs of heaven, while in this world, have something to do about this earth, which must have its share of their time and thoughts; and if they do it with an eye to God, they as truly serve him in it, as when they are upon their knees. Observe that the husbandman's calling is an ancient and honourable calling; it was needful even in paradise. Also, there is true pleasure in the business God calls us to, and employs us in. Adam could not have been happy if he had been idle: it is still God's law, He that will not work has no right to eat, 2Th 3:10.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 15. - Having prepared the garden for man's reception, the Lord God took the man. "Not physically lifting him up and putting him down in the garden, but simply exerting an influence upon him which induced him, in the exercise of his free agency, to go. He went in consequence of a secret impulse or an open command of his Maker" (Bush). And put him into the garden; literally, caused him to rest in it as an abode of happiness and peace. To dress it. I.e. to till, cultivate, and work it. This would almost seem to hint that the aurea aetas of classical poetry was but a dream - a reminiscence of Eden, perhaps, but idealized. Even the plants, flowers, and trees of Eden stood in need of cultivation from the hand of man, and would speedily have degenerated without his attention. And to keep it. Neither were the animals all so peaceful and domesticated that Adam did not need to fence his garden against their depredations. Doubtless there is here too an ominous hint of the existence of that greater adversary against whom he was appointed to watch.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden,.... This is observed before in Genesis 2:8 and is here repeated to introduce what follows; and is to be understood not of a corporeal assumption, by a divine power lifting him up from the place where he was, and carrying him into another; rather of a manuduction, or taking him by the hand and leading him thither; so Onkelos renders it, he "led" him, that is, he ordered and directed him thither: hence Jarchi paraphrases it, he took him with good words, and persuaded him to go thither: the place from whence he is supposed by some to be taken was near Damascus, where he is by them said to be created; or the place where the temple was afterwards built, as say the Jewish writers: the Targum of Jonathan is,"the Lord God took the man from the mount of Service, the place in which he was created, and caused him to dwell in the garden of Eden.''And elsewhere (t) it is said,"the holy blessed God loved the first Adam with an exceeding great love, for he created him out of a pure and holy place; and from what place did he take him? from the place of the house of the sanctuary, and brought him into his palace, as it is said, Genesis 2:15 "and the Lord God took", &c.''though no more perhaps is intended by this expression, than that God spoke to him or impressed it on his mind, and inclined him to go, or stay there:

to dress it, and to keep it; so that it seems man was not to live an idle life, in a state of innocence; but this could not be attended with toil and labour, with fatigue and trouble, with sorrow and sweat, as after his fall; but was rather for his recreation and pleasure; though what by nature was left to be improved by art, and what there was for Adam to do, is not easy to say: at present there needed no ploughing, nor sowing, nor planting, nor watering, since God had made every tree pleasant to the sight, good for food, to grow out of it; and a river ran through it to water it: hence in a Jewish tract (u), before referred to, it is said, that his work in the garden was nothing else but to study in the words of the law, and to keep or observe the way of the tree of life: and to this agree the Targums of Jonathan and of Jerusalem,"and he placed him in the garden of Eden, to serve in the law, and keep the commands of it.''And in another tract (w) it is said,"God brought Adam the law, Job 28:27 and "he put him in the garden of Eden"; that is, the garden of the law, "to dress it", to do the affirmative precepts of the law, "and to keep it", the negative precepts:''though Aben Ezra interprets this service of watering the garden, aud keeping wild beasts from entering into it. And indeed the word may be rendered to "till", as well as to dress, as it is in Genesis 3:23 and by Ainsworth here; so Milton (x) expresses it; and some have thought Adam was to have planted and sowed, had he continued in the garden.

(t) Pirke Eliezer, c. 2. fol. 72. 2.((u) Pirke Eliezer, c. 2. fol. 72. 2.((w) Tikkune Zohar, correct. 54. fol. 91. 2.((x) Paradise Lost, B. 8. l. 320.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

15. put the man into the garden of Eden to dress it—not only to give him a pleasant employment, but to place him on his probation, and as the title of this garden, the garden of the Lord (Ge 13:10; Eze 28:13), indicates, it was in fact a temple in which he worshipped God, and was daily employed in offering the sacrifices of thanksgiving and praise.

Genesis 2:15 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Forbidden Fruit
15Then the LORD God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it. 16The LORD God commanded the man, saying, "From any tree of the garden you may eat freely;…
Cross References
Genesis 2:14
The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Ashur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

Genesis 2:16
And the LORD God commanded the man, "You are free to eat from any tree in the garden;
Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

the man. or, Adam.

Genesis 2:2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and …

Job 31:33 If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding my iniquity in my bosom:

put.

Genesis 2:8 And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he …

Psalm 128:2 For you shall eat the labor of your hands: happy shall you be, and …

Ephesians 4:28 Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labor, working …

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