Psalm 8:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
what is mankind that you are mindful of them, human beings that you care for them?

New Living Translation
what are mere mortals that you should think about them, human beings that you should care for them?

English Standard Version
what is man that you are mindful of him, and the son of man that you care for him?

New American Standard Bible
What is man that You take thought of him, And the son of man that You care for him?

King James Bible
What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
what is man that You remember him, the son of man that You look after him?

International Standard Version
what is man that you take notice of him, or the son of man that you pay attention to him?

NET Bible
Of what importance is the human race, that you should notice them? Of what importance is mankind, that you should pay attention to them,

New Heart English Bible
what is man, that you think of him, and the son of man that you care for him?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
What is man, that you remember him, and a son of man that you visit him?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
what is a mortal that you remember him or the Son of Man that you take care of him?

JPS Tanakh 1917
What is man, that Thou art mindful of him? And the son of man, that Thou thinkest of him?

New American Standard 1977
What is man, that Thou dost take thought of him?
            And the son of man, that Thou dost care for him?

Jubilee Bible 2000
what is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou dost visit him?

King James 2000 Bible
What is man, that you are mindful of him? and the son of man, that you visit him?

American King James Version
What is man, that you are mindful of him? and the son of man, that you visit him?

American Standard Version
What is man, that thou art mindful of him? And the son of man, that thou visitest him?

Douay-Rheims Bible
What is man that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man that thou visitest him?

Darby Bible Translation
What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

English Revised Version
What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

Webster's Bible Translation
What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

World English Bible
what is man, that you think of him? What is the son of man, that you care for him?

Young's Literal Translation
What is man that Thou rememberest him? The son of man that Thou inspectest him?
Study Bible
How Majestic is Your Name!
3When I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, The moon and the stars, which You have ordained; 4What is man that You take thought of him, And the son of man that You care for him? 5Yet You have made him a little lower than God, And You crown him with glory and majesty!…
Cross References
Hebrews 2:6
But somewhere it is testified in these words: "What is man, that You are mindful of him, or the son of man, that You care for him?

Job 7:17
"What is man that You magnify him, And that You are concerned about him,

Job 14:3
"You also open Your eyes on him And bring him into judgment with Yourself.

Psalm 144:3
O LORD, what is man, that You take knowledge of him? Or the son of man, that You think of him?

Isaiah 2:22
Stop regarding man, whose breath of life is in his nostrils; For why should he be esteemed?
Treasury of Scripture

What is man, that you are mindful of him? and the son of man, that you visit him?

What

Psalm 144:3 LORD, what is man, that you take knowledge of him! or the son of …

2 Chronicles 6:18 But will God in very deed dwell with men on the earth? behold, heaven …

Job 7:17 What is man, that you should magnify him? and that you should set …

Job 25:6 How much less man, that is a worm? and the son of man, which is a worm?

Isaiah 40:17 All nations before him are as nothing; and they are counted to him …

Hebrews 2:6-9 But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that you …

son

Psalm 4:2 O you sons of men, how long will you turn my glory into shame? how …

Psalm 80:17 Let your hand be on the man of your right hand, on the son of man …

Psalm 146:3 Put not your trust in princes, nor in the son of man, in whom there is no help.

Isaiah 51:12 I, even I, am he that comforts you: who are you, that you should …

Ezekiel 8:15 Then said he to me, Have you seen this, O son of man? turn you yet …

Matthew 8:20 And Jesus said to him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the …

visitest

Psalm 106:4 Remember me, O LORD, with the favor that you bore to your people: …

Genesis 21:1 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did to Sarah …

Exodus 4:31 And the people believed: and when they heard that the LORD had visited …

Luke 1:68 Blessed be the Lord God of Israel; for he has visited and redeemed his people,

Luke 19:44 And shall lay you even with the ground, and your children within …

1 Peter 2:12 Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas …

(4) Man . . . son of man . . .--The first, possibly, with suggestion of frailty; the second to his life derived from human ancestry. The answer to this question must always touch the two poles, of human frailty on the one hand, and the glory of human destiny on the other. "O the grandeur and the littleness, the excellence and the corruption, the majesty and the meanness, of man."--Pascal.

The insignificance of man compared to the stars is a common theme of poetry; but how different the feeling of the Hebrew from that of the modern poet, who regrets the culture by which he had been

"Brought to understand

A sad astrology, the boundless plan

That makes you tyrants in your iron skies,

Innumerable, pitiless, passionless eyes,

Cold fires, yet with power to burn and brand

His nothingness into man."--TENNYSON: Maud.

And yet, again, how far removed from the other pole of modern feeling, which draws inanimate nature into close sympathy with human joy or sorrow, expressed in the following words:--"When I have gazed into these stars, have they not looked down upon me as if with pity from their serene spaces, like eyes glistening with heavenly tears over the little lot of man?"--Carlyle.

Verse 4. - What is man, that thou art mindful of him? In comparison with the lofty heavens, the radiant moon, and the hosts of sparkling stars, man seems to the psalmist wholly unworthy of God's attention. He is not, like Job, impatient of God's constant observation (Job 7:17-20), but simply filled with wonder at his marvellous condescension (comp. Psalm 144:3). And the son of man, that thou visitest him? The "son of man" here is a mere variant for "man" in the preceding hemistich. The clause merely emphasizes the general idea. What is man, that thou art mindful of him?.... That is, the psalmist, while he was considering the greatness and glory of the celestial bodies, thought this within himself, and so expressed it; which is to be understood, not of man in general, nor of Adam in a state of innocence; he could not be called "Enosh", the word here used, which signifies a frail, weak, sickly mortal man; nor could he with any propriety be said to be the son of man, as in the following clause: nor of fallen man, or of Adam's posterity, descending from him by ordinary generation; for all things are not put in subjection to them, as is hereafter said of man: but this is to be understood of the man Christ Jesus, as it is interpreted in Hebrews 2:6; or of that individual of human nature which Christ assumed. The name of Enosh well agrees with him, who was a man of no note and esteem among men, a worm and no man, a man of sorrows and acquainted with griefs, encompassed with infirmities, and was subject to death, and did die. Now it was a marvellous thing that God should be mindful of that individual of human nature; that he should prepare it in his council and covenant; that among the vast numbers of individuals which it came up in his infinite mind to create, he should choose this, to exalt it, and appoint it to union with his own Son, and take that delight in it he did; that when it was formed by his Spirit, he should anoint it with the oil of gladness above his fellows; that he should take such providential care of it, and so often and so strongly express his affection for it; that he should regard it, and support it under sufferings; and when in the grave, did not leave it, nor suffer it to see corruption; but raised it from the dead, and gave it glory, and exalted it at his own right hand;

and the son of man, that thou visitest him? The name of "the son of man" is the name of the Messiah, in Psalm 80:17; and is often given to Christ, and used by him of himself in the New Testament. And this visiting of him is not to be understood in a way of wrath, though he was so visited by God, when he bore the chastisements of his people; but in a way of favour, by bestowing upon him without measure the gifts and graces of his Spirit; by affording him his gracious presence, and tilling him with spiritual peace and joy. 4. man—literally, "frail man," an allusion to his essential infirmity.

son of man—only varies the form of speech.

visitest—in favor (Ps 65:10). This favor is now more fully illustrated.8:3-9 We are to consider the heavens, that man thus may be directed to set his affections on things above. What is man, so mean a creature, that he should be thus honoured! so sinful a creature, that he should be thus favoured! Man has sovereign dominion over the inferior creatures, under God, and is appointed their lord. This refers to Christ. In Heb 2:6-8, the apostle, to prove the sovereign dominion of Christ, shows he is that Man, that Son of man, here spoken of, whom God has made to have dominion over the works of his hands. The greatest favour ever showed to the human race, and the greatest honour ever put upon human nature, were exemplified in the Lord Jesus. With good reason does the psalmist conclude as he began, Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth, which has been honoured with the presence of the Redeemer, and is still enlightened by his gospel, and governed by his wisdom and power! What words can reach his praises, who has a right to our obedience as our Redeemer?
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