Psalm 8:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place,

New Living Translation
When I look at the night sky and see the work of your fingers--the moon and the stars you set in place--

English Standard Version
When I look at your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place,

New American Standard Bible
When I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, The moon and the stars, which You have ordained;

King James Bible
When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When I observe Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, the moon and the stars, which You set in place,

International Standard Version
When I look at the heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars that you established—

NET Bible
When I look up at the heavens, which your fingers made, and see the moon and the stars, which you set in place,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
To destroy the enemy who avenges, because they have seen your Heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars you have prepared,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When I look at your heavens, the creation of your fingers, the moon and the stars that you have set in place-

Jubilee Bible 2000
When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

King James 2000 Bible
When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have ordained;

American King James Version
When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have ordained;

American Standard Version
When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, The moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

Douay-Rheims Bible
For I will behold thy heavens, the works of thy fingers: the moon and the stars which thou hast founded.

Darby Bible Translation
When I see thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and stars, which thou hast established;

English Revised Version
When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

Webster's Bible Translation
When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers; the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

World English Bible
When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have ordained;

Young's Literal Translation
For I see Thy heavens, a work of Thy fingers, Moon and stars that Thou didst establish.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

8:3-9 We are to consider the heavens, that man thus may be directed to set his affections on things above. What is man, so mean a creature, that he should be thus honoured! so sinful a creature, that he should be thus favoured! Man has sovereign dominion over the inferior creatures, under God, and is appointed their lord. This refers to Christ. In Heb 2:6-8, the apostle, to prove the sovereign dominion of Christ, shows he is that Man, that Son of man, here spoken of, whom God has made to have dominion over the works of his hands. The greatest favour ever showed to the human race, and the greatest honour ever put upon human nature, were exemplified in the Lord Jesus. With good reason does the psalmist conclude as he began, Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth, which has been honoured with the presence of the Redeemer, and is still enlightened by his gospel, and governed by his wisdom and power! What words can reach his praises, who has a right to our obedience as our Redeemer?

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - When I consider thy heavens (comp. Psalm 19:1; Psalm 33:6; Psalm 104:2). David, in his shepherd-life, had had abundant opportunity of "considering the heavens," and had evidently scanned them with the eye of a poet and an intense admirer of nature. It is probably in remembrance of the nights when he watched his father's flock, that he makes no mention of the sun, but only of "the moon and the stars." The work of thy fingers; and therefore "thy heavens." Often as the "hand of God" is mentioned in Scripture, it is but very rarely that we hear of his "finger" or "fingers." So far as I am aware, the only places are Exodus 8:19; Exodus 31:18; Deuteronomy 9:10; and Luke 11:20. The moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained (comp. Genesis 1:16).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

When I consider thy heavens,.... Where God dwells, and which he has made; the airy and starry heavens, which are to be seen with the bodily eye; and the heaven of heavens, which is to be beheld and considered by faith:

the work of thy fingers; being curiously wrought by his power, and garnished by his Spirit: for the finger of God is the Spirit of God; see Matthew 12:28; compared with Luke 11:20;

the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained, or "prepared" (h), for various uses to the earth, and the inhabitants of it. The sun is not mentioned, because it cannot be looked upon, as the moon and the stars may, nor be seen when they are. And it is generally thought that David composed this psalm in the night, When these celestial bodies were in view; and, it may be, while he was keeping his father's sheep, since, in the enumeration of the creatures subject to man, sheep are mentioned first, as being in view, Psalm 8:7. The heavenly bodies are very glorious creatures, and are worthy of the consideration and contemplation of man, and even of a saint; whereby he may be led to observe the wisdom, power, goodness, and greatness of God.

(h) "praeparasti", Pagninus, Montanus; "parasti", Musculus, Piscator, Gejerus, Michaelis.

The Treasury of David

3 When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

4 What is man, that thou art mindful of him.? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

At the close of that excellent little manual entitled "The Solar System," written by Dr. Dick, we find an eloquent passage which beautifully expounds the text: - A survey of the solar system has a tendency to moderate the pride of man and to promote humility. Pride is one of the distinguishing characteristics of puny man, and has been one of the chief causes of all the contentions, wars, devastations, systems of slavery, and ambitious projects which have desolated and demoralized our sinful world. Yet there is no disposition more incongruous to the character and circumstance of man. Perhaps there are no rational beings throughout the universe among whom pride would appear more unseemly or incompatible than in man, considering the situation in which he is placed, He is exposed to numerous degradations and calamities, to the rage of storms and tempests, the devastations of earthquakes and volcanoes, the fury of whirlwinds, and the tempestuous billows of the ocean, to the ravages of the sword, famine, pestilence, and numerous diseases; and at length he must sink into the grave, and his body must become the companion of worms! The most dignified and haughty of the sons of men are liable to these and similar degradations as well as the meanest of the human family. Yet, in such circumstances, man - that puny worm of the dust, whose knowledge is so limited, and whose follies are so numerous and glaring - has the effrontery to strut in all the haughtiness of pride, and to glory in his shame.

When other arguments and motives produce little effect on certain minds, no considerations seem likely to have a more powerful tendency to counteract this deplorable propensity in human beings, than those which are borrowed from the objects connected with astronomy. They show us what an insignificant being - what a mere atom, indeed, man appears amidst the immensity of creation! Though he is an object of the paternal care and mercy of the Most High, yet he is but as a grain of sand to the whole earth, when compared to the countless myriads of beings that people the amplitudes of creation. What is the whole of this globe on which we dwell compared with the solar system, which contains a mass of matter ten thousand times greater? What is it in comparison of the hundred millions of suns and worlds which by the telescope have been described throughout the starry regions? What, then, is a kingdom, a province, or a baronial territory, of which we are as proud as if we were the lords of the universe and for which we engage in so much devastation and carnage? What are they, when set in competition with the glories of the sky? Could we take our station on the lofty pinnacles of heaven, and look down on this scarcely distinguishable speck of earth, we should be ready to exclaim with Seneca, "Is it to this little spot that the great designs and vast desires of men are confined? Is it for this there is so much disturbance of nations, so much carnage, and so many ruinous wars? Oh, the folly of deceived men, to imagine great kingdoms in the compass of an atom, to raise armies to decide a point of earth with the sword!" Dr. Chalmers, in his Astronomical Discourses, very truthfully says, "We gave you but a feeble image of our comparative insignificance, when we said that the glories of an extended forest would suffer no more from the fall of a single leaf, than the glories of this extended universe would suffer though the globe we tread upon, 'and all that it inherits, should dissolve.'"

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

3, 4. The allusion to the magnificence of the visible heavens is introduced for the purpose of illustrating God's condescension, who, though the mighty Creator of these glorious worlds of light, makes man the object of regard and recipient of favor.

Psalm 8:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
How Majestic is Your Name!
2From the mouth of infants and nursing babes You have established strength Because of Your adversaries, To make the enemy and the revengeful cease. 3When I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, The moon and the stars, which You have ordained; 4What is man that You take thought of him, And the son of man that You care for him?…
Cross References
Genesis 1:16
God made two great lights--the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars.

Exodus 8:19
the magicians said to Pharaoh, "This is the finger of God." But Pharaoh's heart was hard and he would not listen, just as the LORD had said.

Job 35:5
Look up at the heavens and see; gaze at the clouds so high above you.

Psalm 89:11
The heavens are yours, and yours also the earth; you founded the world and all that is in it.

Psalm 111:2
Great are the works of the LORD; they are pondered by all who delight in them.

Psalm 136:9
the moon and stars to govern the night; His love endures forever.

Psalm 144:5
Part your heavens, LORD, and come down; touch the mountains, so that they smoke.

Lamentations 3:66
Pursue them in anger and destroy them from under the heavens of the LORD.
Treasury of Scripture

When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have ordained;

When

Psalm 19:1 The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows his handiwork.

Psalm 111:2 The works of the LORD are great, sought out of all them that have …

Job 22:12 Is not God in the height of heaven? and behold the height of the …

Job 36:24 Remember that you magnify his work, which men behold.

Romans 1:20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are …

work

Psalm 33:6 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of …

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

Exodus 8:19 Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, This is the finger of God: and …

Exodus 31:18 And he gave to Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him …

Luke 11:20 But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom …

moon

Psalm 104:19 He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knows his going down.

Psalm 136:7-9 To him that made great lights: for his mercy endures for ever…

Psalm 148:3 Praise you him, sun and moon: praise him, all you stars of light.

Genesis 1:16-18 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, …

Deuteronomy 4:19 And lest you lift up your eyes to heaven, and when you see the sun, …

Job 25:3,5 Is there any number of his armies? and on whom does not his light arise…

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