Psalm 4:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
How long will you people turn my glory into shame? How long will you love delusions and seek false gods

New Living Translation
How long will you people ruin my reputation? How long will you make groundless accusations? How long will you continue your lies? Interlude

English Standard Version
O men, how long shall my honor be turned into shame? How long will you love vain words and seek after lies? Selah

New American Standard Bible
O sons of men, how long will my honor become a reproach? How long will you love what is worthless and aim at deception? Selah.

King James Bible
O ye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glory into shame? how long will ye love vanity, and seek after leasing? Selah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
How long, exalted men, will my honor be insulted? How long will you love what is worthless and pursue a lie? Selah

International Standard Version
You people, how long will you malign my reputation? How long will you love what is vain and what is false? Interlude

NET Bible
You men, how long will you try to turn my honor into shame? How long will you love what is worthless and search for what is deceptive? (Selah)

New Heart English Bible
You sons of men, how long shall my glory be turned into dishonor? Will you love vanity, and seek after falsehood? Selah.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Sons of men, how long will you obscure my honor, love emptiness and seek lies - forever?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You important people, how long are you going to insult my honor? How long are you going to love what is empty and seek what is a lie? [Selah]

JPS Tanakh 1917
O ye sons of men, how long shall my glory be put to shame, In that ye love vanity, and seek after falsehood? Selah

New American Standard 1977
O sons of men, how long will my honor become a reproach?
            How long will you love what is worthless and aim at deception? Selah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
O ye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glory into shame? how long will ye love vanity, and seek after the lie? Selah.

King James 2000 Bible
O you sons of men, how long will you turn my glory into shame? how long will you love vanity, and seek after falsehood? Selah.

American King James Version
O you sons of men, how long will you turn my glory into shame? how long will you love vanity, and seek after leasing? Selah.

American Standard Version
O ye sons of men, how long shall my glory be turned into dishonor? How long will ye love vanity, and seek after falsehood? Selah

Douay-Rheims Bible
O ye sons of men, how long will you be dull of heart? why do you love vanity, and seek after lying?

Darby Bible Translation
Ye sons of men, till when is my glory [to be put] to shame? [How long] will ye love vanity, will ye seek after a lie? Selah.

English Revised Version
O ye sons of men, how long shall my glory be turned into dishonour? how long will ye love vanity, and seek after falsehood? Selah

Webster's Bible Translation
O ye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glory into shame? how long will ye love vanity, and seek after falsehood? Selah.

World English Bible
You sons of men, how long shall my glory be turned into dishonor? Will you love vanity, and seek after falsehood? Selah.

Young's Literal Translation
Sons of men! till when is my glory for shame? Ye love a vain thing, ye seek a lie. Selah.
Study Bible
Answer Me When I Call!
1For the choir director; on stringed instruments. A Psalm of David. Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! You have relieved me in my distress; Be gracious to me and hear my prayer. 2O sons of men, how long will my honor become a reproach? How long will you love what is worthless and aim at deception? Selah. 3But know that the LORD has set apart the godly man for Himself; The LORD hears when I call to Him.…
Cross References
Psalm 3:3
But You, O LORD, are a shield about me, My glory, and the One who lifts my head.

Psalm 12:2
They speak falsehood to one another; With flattering lips and with a double heart they speak.

Psalm 31:6
I hate those who regard vain idols, But I trust in the LORD.

Psalm 31:18
Let the lying lips be mute, Which speak arrogantly against the righteous With pride and contempt.

Psalm 62:4
They have counseled only to thrust him down from his high position; They delight in falsehood; They bless with their mouth, But inwardly they curse. Selah.

Psalm 69:7
Because for Your sake I have borne reproach; Dishonor has covered my face.

Psalm 69:19
You know my reproach and my shame and my dishonor; All my adversaries are before You.
Treasury of Scripture

O you sons of men, how long will you turn my glory into shame? how long will you love vanity, and seek after leasing? Selah.

O

Psalm 57:4 My soul is among lions: and I lie even among them that are set on …

Psalm 58:1 Do you indeed speak righteousness, O congregation? do you judge uprightly, …

Ecclesiastes 8:11 Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore …

Ecclesiastes 9:3 This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that …

how

Psalm 72:2 He shall judge your people with righteousness, and your poor with judgment.

Exodus 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus said …

Numbers 14:11 And the LORD said to Moses, How long will this people provoke me? …

Proverbs 1:22 How long, you simple ones, will you love simplicity? and the scorners …

my glory

Psalm 3:3 But you, O LORD, are a shield for me; my glory, and the lifter up of my head.

Psalm 14:6 You have shamed the counsel of the poor, because the LORD is his refuge.

Psalm 106:20 Thus they changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eats grass.

Isaiah 20:5 And they shall be afraid and ashamed of Ethiopia their expectation, …

Isaiah 45:17 But Israel shall be saved in the LORD with an everlasting salvation: …

Jeremiah 2:11 Has a nation changed their gods, which are yet no gods? but my people …

Hosea 4:7 As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will …

1 Corinthians 1:31 That, according as it is written, He that glories, let him glory in the Lord.

love

Psalm 2:1 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?

1 Samuel 12:21 And turn you not aside: for then should you go after vain things, …

Isaiah 59:4 None calls for justice, nor any pleads for truth: they trust in vanity, …

Jeremiah 2:5 Thus said the LORD, What iniquity have your fathers found in me, …

Jonah 2:8 They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.

leasing

Psalm 5:6 You shall destroy them that speak leasing: the LORD will abhor the …

Psalm 58:3 The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as …

Psalm 63:11 But the king shall rejoice in God; every one that swears by him shall …

Jeremiah 9:3 And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are …

Ephesians 4:25 Why putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbor: …

(2)Sons of men.--A literal rendering of a Hebrew phrase generally interpreted as "men of high degree." Luther translates "gentlemen" (see Psalm 49:2), where it is "high," as contrasted with "low." (Comp. Psalm 62:9, "men of high degree.")

How long?--Literally, how long to shame my glory? which, after the analogy of Psalm 37:26, "his seed is for a blessing," must mean How long shall my glory be for shame (opprobrio)? The LXX. and Vulg. follow a different and probably correct reading: "How long will ye be heavy (or slow) of heart? "They also indicate that an interrogative has dropped out before the second clause, so that it is rightly supplied by the Authorised Version.

Seek after.--In Hebrew the intensive conjugation, to seek earnestly, or again and again.

Leasing--i.e., lying. (Comp. Psalm 4:6.) So in Wycliffe's New Testament: "Whanne he speketh leesing, he speketh of his own; for he is a lere, and is fader of it" (John 8:44). "Lesyngmongers" (1Timothy 1:10). Chaucer uses the word; and it is common in Piers Ploughman. Shakespeare also knows the word:--

"Now Mercury indue thee with leasing,

For thou speakest well of fools."--Twelfth Night.

(See Bible Educator, iv. 3,) Milton's translation is--

"To love, to seek, to prize

Things false and vain, and nothing else but lies."

For "Selah," see Note, Psalm 3:2.

From this verse we gather that the report of the calumny uttered against him in Jerusalem had reached the king's ears.

Verse 2. - O ye sons of men. "Sons of men " - beney ish - is not a mere periphrasis for "men." It is a title of some honour and dignity. Kay translates, "sons of the brave;" but that is scarcely the meaning. The phrase is rather equivalent to our "sirs" ('Speaker's Commentary.'). How long will ye turn my glory into shame? By your misconduct. See the clause which follows. The appeal is, perhaps, to Joab, Abishai, and others of David s own party, whoso proceedings were a disgrace to his reign, and tended to bring their master to shame rather than to honour. How long will ye love vanity, and seek after leasing? i.e. after lying. Joab's treachery and falsehood were notorious (2 Samuel 3:27; 2 Samuel 20:8-10). O ye sons of men,.... Meaning great men, the nobles of Israel; and so the Jewish interpreters (k) generally explain it; such as Ahithophel, and others, who were in the conspiracy with Absalom, 2 Samuel 15:12, and so they were the kings and princes of the earth, and the rulers of the Jewish sanhedrim, the chief priests and elders, who were the enemies of Christ; and such, generally speaking, have been the persecutors of the saints; these men of power and authority, of dignity and honour, and who were in high places, and boasted of their titles and grandeur, the psalmist addresses by way of expostulation in the following words;

how long will ye turn my glory into shame? Meaning either God, who was his glory, Psalm 3:3; whom they reproached when they said there was no help for him in him; or his tongue, the instrument of praise, and the songs of praise he expressed by it, Psalm 7:8; which they jeered and scoffed at: or rather his royal glory and majesty, which they attempted to vail by casting him down from his excellency, by dethroning him, and setting up Absalom in his room. So the Jews endeavoured to turn the glory of Christ into shame, which lay in his being the only begotten of the Father; by denying his sonship, by condemning him to death; because he said he was the Son of God; and by mocking at him under that character on the cross; and also by their spitting upon, buffeting, and crucifying the Lord of glory; by reproaching his Gospel, ministers, and people; and by not acknowledging him as the Messiah, and submitting to his righteousness. And wicked men do as much as in them lies to turn the glory of the saints into shame, by aspersing their character, taking away their good name and reputation among men; by reproaching and reviling them, and speaking all manner of evil of them; and by persecuting them in the most violent manner;

how long will ye love vanity; or "a vain thing" (l). Such as the placing of Absalom upon the throne, on which their hearts were set; and such was the vain imagination of the Jews, with which they pleased themselves, that Jesus should die, and his name perish; and such are all the attempts of wicked men to ruin and destroy the people and interest of Christ; for no weapon formed against them shall prosper;

and seek after leasing? Or "a lie" (m); or that which fails and deceives, as a lie does: and such were all the counsels and designs of the great men of Israel against David: and so the Jews may be said to seek after a lie, when they seek after another Messiah besides Jesus of Nazareth: for every other proves a "Bar Cozbi", that is, the son of a lie; as the false Messiah in Adrian's time was called by themselves. And so do all such as seek after and embrace false doctrines, errors, and heresies, and are given up to believe them. Now the psalmist suggests that these great men were obstinate, and continued in these sinful practices; and that in the issue all their efforts would be vain and fruitless; and which he further strengthens by observing to them what follows.

Selah; on this word; see Gill on Psalm 3:2.

(k) Jarchi, Aben Ezra, Kimchi, & Ben Melech in loc. (l) "inane", Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus, Cocceius; "inanem rem", Piscator. (m) "mendacium", Pagninus, Montanus, Tigurine version, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, &c. 2 O ye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glory into shame? how long will ye love vanity, and seek after leasing? Selah.

In this second division of the Psalm, we are led from the closet of prayer into the field of conflict. Remark the undaunted courage of the man of God. He allows that his enemies are great men (for such is the import of the Hebrew words translated - sons of men), but still he believes them to be foolish men, and therefore chides them, as though they were but children. He tells them that they love vanity, and seek after leasing, that is, lying, empty fancies, vain conceits, wicked fabrications. He asks them how long they mean to make his honour a jest, and his fame a mockery? A little of such mirth is too much, why need they continue to indulge in it? Had they not been long enough upon the watch for his halting? Had not repeated disappointments convinced them that the Lord's anointed was not to be overcome by all their calumnies? Did they mean to jest their souls into hell, and go on with their laughter until swift vengeance should turn their merriment into howling? In the contemplation of their perverse continuance in their vain and lying pursuits, the Psalmist solemnly pauses and inserts a Selah. Surely we too may stop awhile, and meditate upon the deep-seated folly of the wicked, their continuance in evil, and their sure destruction; and we may learn to admire that grace which has made us to differ, and taught us to love truth, and seek after righteousness. 2. sons of men—men of note or prominence (compare 2Ch 21:9).

turn my glory—or, "royal dignity."

into shame—or, "reproach."

vanity—a foolish and hopeless enterprise (Ps 2:1).

leasing—a lie.4:1-5 Hear me for thy mercy-sake, is our best plea. He who will not ask such blessings as pardon, and justifying righteousness, and eternal life, must perish for the want of them. Alas! that so many should make so fearful a choice. The psalmist warns against sin. Keep up holy reverence of the glory and majesty of God. You have a great deal to say to your hearts, they may be spoken with, let it not be unsaid. Examine them by serious self-reflection; let your thoughts fasten upon that which is good, and keep close to it. Consider your ways, and before you turn to sleep at night, examine your consciences with respect to what you have done in the day; particularly what you have done amiss, that you may repent of it. when you awake in the night, meditate upon God, and the things that belong to your peace. Upon a sick-bed, particularly, we should consider our ways. Be still. when you have asked conscience a question, be serious, be silent, wait for an answer. Open not the mouth to excuse sin. All confidence must be pan answer. Open not the mouth to excuse sin. All confidence only: therefore, after commanding the sacrifices of righteousness, the psalmist says, Put your trust in the Lord.
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