Psalm 23:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He makes me lie down in green pastures, he leads me beside quiet waters,

New Living Translation
He lets me rest in green meadows; he leads me beside peaceful streams.

English Standard Version
He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters.

New American Standard Bible
He makes me lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside quiet waters.

King James Bible
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He lets me lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside quiet waters.

International Standard Version
He causes me to lie down in pastures of green grass; he guides me beside quiet waters.

NET Bible
He takes me to lush pastures, he leads me to refreshing water.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He will make me lie upon lush pastures and he will lead me by restful waters.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside peaceful waters.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He makes me to lie down in green pastures; he leads me beside the still waters.

King James 2000 Bible
He makes me to lie down in green pastures: he leads me beside the still waters.

American King James Version
He makes me to lie down in green pastures: he leads me beside the still waters.

American Standard Version
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures; He leadeth me beside still waters.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He hath set me in a place of pasture. He hath brought me up, on the water of refreshment:

Darby Bible Translation
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures; he leadeth me beside still waters.

English Revised Version
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

Webster's Bible Translation
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

World English Bible
He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters.

Young's Literal Translation
In pastures of tender grass He causeth me to lie down, By quiet waters He doth lead me.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

23:1-6 Confidence in God's grace and care. - "The Lord is my shepherd." In these words, the believer is taught to express his satisfaction in the care of the great Pastor of the universe, the Redeemer and Preserver of men. With joy he reflects that he has a shepherd, and that shepherd is Jehovah. A flock of sheep, gentle and harmless, feeding in verdant pastures, under the care of a skilful, watchful, and tender shepherd, forms an emblem of believers brought back to the Shepherd of their souls. The greatest abundance is but a dry pasture to a wicked man, who relishes in it only what pleases the senses; but to a godly man, who by faith tastes the goodness of God in all his enjoyments, though he has but little of the world, it is a green pasture. The Lord gives quiet and contentment in the mind, whatever the lot is. Are we blessed with the green pastures of the ordinances, let us not think it enough to pass through them, but let us abide in them. The consolations of the Holy Spirit are the still waters by which the saints are led; the streams which flow from the Fountain of living waters. Those only are led by the still waters of comfort, who walk in the paths of righteousness. The way of duty is the truly pleasant way. The work of righteousness in peace. In these paths we cannot walk, unless. God lead us into them, and lead us on in them. Discontent and distrust proceed from unbelief; an unsteady walk is the consequence: let us then simply trust our Shepherd's care, and hearken to his voice. The valley of the shadow of death may denote the most severe and terrible affliction, or dark dispensation of providence, that the psalmist ever could come under. Between the part of the flock on earth and that which is gone to heaven, death lies like a dark valley that must be passed in going from one to the other. But even in this there are words which lessen the terror. It is but the shadow of death: the shadow of a serpent will not sting, nor the shadow of a sword kill. It is a valley, deep indeed, and dark, and miry; but valleys are often fruitful, and so is death itself fruitful of comforts to God's people. It is a walk through it: they shall not be lost in this valley, but get safe to the mountain on the other side. Death is a king of terrors, but not to the sheep of Christ. When they come to die, God will rebuke the enemy; he will guide them with his rod, and sustain them with his staff. There is enough in the gospel to comfort the saints when dying, and underneath them are the everlasting arms. The Lord's people feast at his table, upon the provisions of his love. Satan and wicked men are not able to destroy their comforts, while they are anointed with the Holy Spirit, and drink of the cup of salvation which is ever full. Past experience teaches believers to trust that the goodness and mercy of God will follow them all the days of their lives, and it is their desire and determination, to seek their happiness in the service of God here, and they hope to enjoy his love for ever in heaven. While here, the Lord can make any situation pleasant, by the anointing of his Spirit and the joys of his salvation. But those that would be satisfied with the blessings of his house, must keep close to the duties of it.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - He maketh me to lie down in green pastures; literally, in grassy homesteads - " the richer, oasis-like spots, where a homestead would be fixed in a barren tract of land" (Kay). He leadeth me beside the still waters; rather, waters of refreshment; ἐπὶ υ{δατος ἀναπαύσεως (LXX.).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He maketh me to lie down in green pastures,.... Or "pastures of tender grass" (t); this is one part of the shepherd's work, and which is performed by Christ, Ezekiel 34:14; by these "green pastures" may be meant the covenant of grace, its blessings and promises, where there is delicious feeding; likewise the fulness of grace in Christ, from whence grace for grace is received; also the flesh and blood, righteousness and sacrifice, of Christ, which faith is led unto and lives upon, and is refreshed and invigorated by; to which may be added the doctrines of the Gospel, with which Christ's under-shepherds feed his lambs and sheep, there being in them milk for babes and meat for strong men; and likewise the ordinances of the Gospel, the goodness and fatness of the Lord's house, the feast of fat things, and breasts of consolation: here Christ's sheep are made to "lie down", denoting their satiety and fulness; they having in these green pastures what is satisfying and replenishing; as also their rest and safety, these being sure dwellings and quiet resting places, even in the noon of temptation and persecution; see Sol 1:7;

he leadeth me beside the still waters, or "waters of rest and quietness" (u); not to rapid torrents, which by reason of the noise they make, and the swiftness of their motion, the sheep are frightened, and not able to drink of them; but to still waters, pure and clear, and motionless, or that go softly, like the waters of Shiloah, Isaiah 8:6; and the "leading" to them is in a gentle way, easily, as they are able to bear it; so Jacob led his flock, Genesis 33:14; and Christ leads his, Isaiah 40:11; by these "still waters" may be designed the everlasting love of God, which is like a river, the streams whereof make glad the hearts of his people; these are the waters of the sanctuary, which rise to the ankles, knees, and loins, and are as a broad river to swim in; the pure river of water of life Christ leads his sheep to, and gives them to drink freely of: also communion with God, which the saints pant after, as the hart pants after the water brooks, and Christ gives access unto; moreover he himself is the fountain of gardens, and well of living waters, and streams from Lebanon; and the graces of his Spirit are also as rivers of living water, all which he makes his people partakers of; to which may be added, that the Scriptures, and the truths of the Gospel, are like still, quiet, and refreshing waters to them, and are the waters to which those that are athirst are invited to come, Isaiah 55:1; and in the immortal state Christ will still be a shepherd, and will feed his people, and lead them to fountains of living water, where they shall solace themselves for ever, and shall know no more sorrow and sighing, Revelation 7:17.

(t) "tenerae herbae", Piscator, Amama, Gejerus, Michaelis; "in folds of budding grass", Ainsworth. (u) "aquas requietum", Pagninus, Montanus; "quietum", Vatablus, Michaelis; "vel quietis", Gejerus; so Ainsworth; Apollinar.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. green pastures—or, "pastures of tender grass," are mentioned, not in respect to food, but as places of cool and refreshing rest.

the still waters—are, literally, "waters of "stillness," whose quiet flow invites to repose. They are contrasted with boisterous streams on the one hand, and stagnant, offensive pools on the other.

Psalm 23:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Lord is My Shepherd
1A Psalm of David. The LORD is my shepherd, I shall not want. 2He makes me lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside quiet waters. 3He restores my soul; He guides me in the paths of righteousness For His name's sake.…
Cross References
Revelation 7:17
For the Lamb at the center of the throne will be their shepherd; 'he will lead them to springs of living water.' 'And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.'"

Psalm 36:8
They feast on the abundance of your house; you give them drink from your river of delights.

Psalm 46:4
There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God, the holy place where the Most High dwells.

Psalm 65:11
You crown the year with your bounty, and your carts overflow with abundance.

Psalm 139:10
even there your hand will guide me, your right hand will hold me fast.

Isaiah 49:10
They will neither hunger nor thirst, nor will the desert heat or the sun beat down on them. He who has compassion on them will guide them and lead them beside springs of water.

Ezekiel 34:14
I will tend them in a good pasture, and the mountain heights of Israel will be their grazing land. There they will lie down in good grazing land, and there they will feed in a rich pasture on the mountains of Israel.

Ezekiel 34:15
I myself will tend my sheep and have them lie down, declares the Sovereign LORD.
Treasury of Scripture

He makes me to lie down in green pastures: he leads me beside the still waters.

maketh

Isaiah 30:23 Then shall he give the rain of your seed, that you shall sow the …

Ezekiel 34:13,14 And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the …

green pastures [heb.] pastures of tender grass
leadeth

Psalm 46:4 There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of …

Isaiah 49:9,10 That you may say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in …

Revelation 7:17 For the Lamb which is in the middle of the throne shall feed them, …

Revelation 21:7 He that overcomes shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, …

Revelation 22:1,17 And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, …

still waters [heb.] waters of quietness

Job 34:29 When he gives quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hides …

Isaiah 8:6 For as much as this people refuses the waters of Shiloah that go …

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