Psalm 17:3
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Though you probe my heart, though you examine me at night and test me, you will find that I have planned no evil; my mouth has not transgressed.

New Living Translation
You have tested my thoughts and examined my heart in the night. You have scrutinized me and found nothing wrong. I am determined not to sin in what I say.

English Standard Version
You have tried my heart, you have visited me by night, you have tested me, and you will find nothing; I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress.

New American Standard Bible
You have tried my heart; You have visited me by night; You have tested me and You find nothing; I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress.

King James Bible
Thou hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried me, and shalt find nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You have tested my heart; You have examined me at night. You have tried me and found nothing evil; I have determined that my mouth will not sin.

International Standard Version
When you probe my heart, and examine me at night; when you refine me, you will find nothing wrong, for I have determined that I will not transgress with my mouth.

NET Bible
You have scrutinized my inner motives; you have examined me during the night. You have carefully evaluated me, but you find no sin. I am determined I will say nothing sinful.

New Heart English Bible
You have proved my heart. You have visited me in the night. You have tried me, and found nothing. I have resolved that my mouth shall not disobey.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You have proven my heart and you visited me in the night and you have tested me and have not found evil in me and the works of the children of men have not passed my lips.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You have probed my heart. You have confronted me at night. You have tested me like silver, but you found nothing wrong. I have determined that my mouth will not sin.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou hast tried my heart, Thou hast visited it in the night; Thou hast tested me, and Thou findest not That I had a thought which should not pass my mouth.

New American Standard 1977
Thou hast tried my heart;
            Thou hast visited me by night;
            Thou hast tested me and dost find nothing;
            I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou hast proved my heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast refined me and hast found no iniquity; that which I thought did not pass through my mouth.

King James 2000 Bible
You have proved my heart; you have visited me in the night; you have tested me, and shall find nothing; I have purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

American King James Version
You have proved my heart; you have visited me in the night; you have tried me, and shall find nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

American Standard Version
Thou hast proved my heart; thou hast visited me in the night; Thou hast tried me, and findest nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou hast proved my heart, and visited it by night, thou hast tried me by fire: and iniquity hath not been found in me.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou hast proved my heart, thou hast visited me by night; thou hast tried me, thou hast found nothing: my thought goeth not beyond my word.

English Revised Version
Thou hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried me, and findest nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hast proved my heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried me, and shalt find nothing; I have purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

World English Bible
You have proved my heart. You have visited me in the night. You have tried me, and found nothing. I have resolved that my mouth shall not disobey.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou hast proved my heart, Thou hast inspected by night, Thou hast tried me, Thou findest nothing; My thoughts pass not over my mouth.
Study Bible
Hear, O Lord, My Righteous Plee
2Let my judgment come forth from Your presence; Let Your eyes look with equity. 3You have tried my heart; You have visited me by night; You have tested me and You find nothing; I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress. 4As for the deeds of men, by the word of Your lips I have kept from the paths of the violent.…
Cross References
1 Peter 1:7
so that the authenticity of your faith--more precious than gold, which perishes even though refined by fire--may result in praise, glory, and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ.

Job 23:10
"But He knows the way I take; When He has tried me, I shall come forth as gold.

Psalm 26:1
A Psalm of David. Vindicate me, O LORD, for I have walked in my integrity, And I have trusted in the LORD without wavering.

Psalm 26:2
Examine me, O LORD, and try me; Test my mind and my heart.

Psalm 39:1
For the choir director, for Jeduthun. A Psalm of David. I said, "I will guard my ways That I may not sin with my tongue; I will guard my mouth as with a muzzle While the wicked are in my presence."

Psalm 66:10
For You have tried us, O God; You have refined us as silver is refined.

Psalm 139:1
For the choir director. A Psalm of David. O LORD, You have searched me and known me.

Jeremiah 20:12
Yet, O LORD of hosts, You who test the righteous, Who see the mind and the heart; Let me see Your vengeance on them; For to You I have set forth my cause.

Jeremiah 50:20
'In those days and at that time,' declares the LORD, 'search will be made for the iniquity of Israel, but there will be none; and for the sins of Judah, but they will not be found; for I will pardon those whom I leave as a remnant.'

Zechariah 13:9
"And I will bring the third part through the fire, Refine them as silver is refined, And test them as gold is tested. They will call on My name, And I will answer them; I will say, 'They are My people,' And they will say, 'The LORD is my God.'"
Treasury of Scripture

You have proved my heart; you have visited me in the night; you have tried me, and shall find nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

proved

Psalm 11:5 The LORD tries the righteous: but the wicked and him that loves violence …

Psalm 26:2 Examine me, O LORD, and prove me; try my reins and my heart.

Psalm 66:10 For you, O God, have proved us: you have tried us, as silver is tried.

Psalm 139:1 O lord, you have searched me, and known me.

Job 23:10 But he knows the way that I take: when he has tried me, I shall come …

Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine …

Malachi 3:2 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when …

1 Corinthians 4:4 For I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but …

1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold …

thou hast

Psalm 16:7 I will bless the LORD, who has given me counsel: my reins also instruct …

Job 24:14 The murderer rising with the light kills the poor and needy, and …

Hosea 7:6 For they have made ready their heart like an oven, whiles they lie …

Micah 2:1 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when …

Acts 16:9 And a vision appeared to Paul in the night; There stood a man of …

Acts 18:9,10 Then spoke the Lord to Paul in the night by a vision, Be not afraid, …

shalt

Psalm 7:4 If I have rewarded evil to him that was at peace with me; (yes, I …

Psalm 44:17-21 All this is come on us; yet have we not forgotten you, neither have …

1 Samuel 24:10,12 Behold, this day your eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered …

1 Samuel 26:11,23 The LORD forbid that I should stretch forth my hand against the LORD's …

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that …

I am

Psalm 39:1 I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: …

Psalm 119:106 I have sworn, and I will perform it, that I will keep your righteous judgments.

Proverbs 13:3 He that keeps his mouth keeps his life: but he that opens wide his …

Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted …

James 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, …

(3) In the night (as Psalm 16:7).--The time of calm reflection and self-examination. Some, however, taking this verse in connection with Psalm 17:15, think the poem was composed at night.

I am purposed.--The Hebrew word presents a difficulty. It is better to take it as a noun--counsels, and here, as generally, evil counsels--and join it to the preceding, not (as in the Authorised Version) the following words.

"Thou hast proved my heart,

Thou hast visited me in the night,

Thou hast found no malice in me,

My mouth doth not transgress, or

It (malice) doth not pass my mouth."

"I offend"--that is, "neither in thought nor word." The LXX., Vulg., Syr., Chald., and Arab. versions support this arrangement.

Verse 3. - Thou hast proved mine heart (comp. Psalm 26:2; Psalm 66:9; Psalm 95:9; Psalm 139:23). "Proved" means "tried," "tested," examined strictly, so as to know whether there was any wickedness in it or not. Thou hast visited me in the night. The night is the time when men can least escape those searching, testing thoughts which God's providence then especially sends, to "try the very heart and reins" (Psalm 7:9). Thou hast tried me., and shalt find nothing; rather, and findest nothing. The process was one begun in the past, and continuing on in the present. God was ever searching David and trying him; but "found nothing," i.e. no alloy, no base rectal, no serious flaw in his character; not that he was sinless, but that he 'was sincere and earnest - a true worshipper of God, not a hypocrite. I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress. "If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man" (James 3:2). David's resolution to "keep the door of his lips" would have a chastening influence over both his thoughts and acts. Thou hast proved mine heart,.... This properly belongs to God, who is the searcher of the heart and reins, and is desired by all good men; and though God has no need to make use of any means to know the heart, and what is in it; yet in order to know, or rather to make known, what is in the hearts of his people, he proves them sometimes by adversity, as he did Abraham and Job, and sometimes by prosperity, by mercies given forth in a wonderful way, as to the Israelites in the wilderness, Deuteronomy 8:2; sometimes by suffering false prophets and false teachers to be among them, Deuteronomy 13:3; and sometimes by leaving corruptions in them, and them to their corruptions, as he left the Canaanites in the land, and as he left Hezekiah to his own heart, Judges 2:22. In one or other or more of these ways God proved the heart of David, and found him to be a man after his own heart; and in the first of these ways he proved Christ, who was found faithful to him that appointed him, and was a man approved of God;

thou hast visited me in the night; God visited and redeemed his people in the night of Jewish darkness; he visits and calls them by his grace in the night of unregeneracy; and so he visits with his gracious presence in the night of desertion; and he often visits by granting counsel, comfort, and support, in the night of affliction, which seems to be intended here; thus he visited the human nature of Christ in the midst of his sorrows and sufferings, when it was the Jews' hour and power of darkness. Elsewhere God is said to visit every morning, Job 7:18;

thou hast tried me; as silver and gold are tried in the furnace; thus the people of God, and their graces in them, are tried by afflictions; so David was tried, and in this manner Christ himself was tried; wherefore he is called the tried stone, Isaiah 28:16;

and shalt find nothing; or "shalt not find": which is variously supplied; some "thy desire", or what is well pleasing to thee, so Jarchi; or "thou hast not found me innocent", as Kimchi; others supply it quite the reverse, "and iniquity is not found in me", as the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and Ethiopic versions; or "thou hast not found iniquity in me", as the Syriac and Arabic versions; to which agrees the Chaldee paraphrase, "and thou hast not found corruption"; which must be understood, not as if there was no sin and corruption in David; for he often makes loud complaints and large confessions of his sins, and earnestly prays for the forgiveness of them; but either that there was no sin in his heart which he regarded, Psalm 66:18; which he nourished and cherished, which he indulged and lived in; or rather there was no such crime found in him, which his enemies charged him with; see Psalm 7:3. This is true of Christ in the fullest sense; no iniquity was ever found in him by God, by men or devils, John 14:30, 1 Peter 2:22; and also of his people, as considered in him, being justified by his righteousness, and washed in his blood, Jeremiah 50:20; though otherwise, as considered in themselves, they themselves find sin and corruption abounding in them, Romans 7:18;

I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress; by murmuring against God, on account of his visitation and fiery trials, or by railing at men for their false charges and accusations; this resolution was taken up by the psalmist in the strength of divine grace, and was kept by him, Psalm 39:9; so Christ submitted himself patiently to the will of God without repining, and when reviled by men reviled not again, Luke 22:42; and from hence may be learned, that the laws of God may be transgressed by words as well as by works, and that the one as well as the other should be guarded against; see Psalm 39:1. 3. proved … visited … tried—His character was most rigidly tested, at all times, and by all methods, affliction and others (Ps 7:10).

purposed that, etc.—or, my mouth does not exceed my purpose; I am sincere.17:1-7 This psalm is a prayer. Feigned prayers are fruitless; but if our hearts lead our prayers, God will meet them with his favour. The psalmist had been used to pray, so that it was not his distress and danger that now first brought him to his duty. And he was encouraged by his faith to expect God would notice his prayers. Constant resolution and watchfulness against sins of the tongue, will be a good evidence of our integrity. Aware of man's propensity to wicked works, and of his own peculiar temptations, David had made God's word his preservative from the paths of Satan, which lead to destruction. If we carefully avoid the paths of sin, it will be very lead to destruction. If we carefully avoid the paths of sin, it will be very comfortable in the reflection, when we are in trouble. Those that are, through grace, going in God's paths, should pray that their goings may be held up in those paths. David prays, Lord, still hold me up. Those who would proceed and persevere in the ways of God, must, by faith prayer, get daily fresh supplies of grace and strength from him. Show thy marvellous loving-kindness, distinguishing favours, not common mercies, but be gracious to me; do as thou usest to do to those who love thy name.
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