Proverbs 24:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Fear the LORD and the king, my son, and do not join with rebellious officials,

New Living Translation
My child, fear the LORD and the king. Don't associate with rebels,

English Standard Version
My son, fear the LORD and the king, and do not join with those who do otherwise,

New American Standard Bible
My son, fear the LORD and the king; Do not associate with those who are given to change,

King James Bible
My son, fear thou the LORD and the king: and meddle not with them that are given to change:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
My son, fear the LORD, as well as the king, and don't associate with rebels,

International Standard Version
My son, fear both the LORD and the king, and don't keep company with rebels.

NET Bible
Fear the LORD, my child, as well as the king, and do not associate with rebels,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Stand in awe, my son, of Lord Jehovah, and give counsel, and do not mingle with fools.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Fear the LORD, my son. Fear the king as well. Do not associate with those who always insist upon change,

Jubilee Bible 2000
My son, fear the LORD and the king, and do not meddle with those that are given to change,

King James 2000 Bible
My son, fear the LORD and the king: and associate not with them that are given to change:

American King James Version
My son, fear you the LORD and the king: and meddle not with them that are given to change:

American Standard Version
My son, fear thou Jehovah and the king; And company not with them that are given to change:

Douay-Rheims Bible
My son, fear the Lord and the king: and have nothing to do with detracters.

Darby Bible Translation
My son, fear Jehovah and the king: meddle not with them that are given to change.

English Revised Version
My son, fear thou the LORD and the king: and meddle not with them that are given to change:

Webster's Bible Translation
My son, fear thou the LORD and the king: and meddle not with them that are given to change:

World English Bible
My son, fear Yahweh and the king. Don't join those who are rebellious:

Young's Literal Translation
Fear Jehovah, my son, and the king, With changers mix not up thyself,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

24:17,18. The pleasure we are apt to take in the troubles of an enemy is forbidden. 19,20. Envy not the wicked their prosperity; be sure there is no true happiness in it. 21,22. The godly in the land, will be quiet in the land. There may be cause to change for the better, but have nothing to do with them that are given change. 23-26. The wisdom God giveth, renders a man fit for his station. Every one who finds the benefit of the right answer, will be attached to him that gave it. 27. We must prefer necessaries before conveniences, and not go in debt.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 21, 22. - An injunction urging loyalty to God and the king. Verse 21. - Fear thou the Lord and the king. The king is God's vicegerent and representative, and therefore to be honoured and obeyed (see Ecclesiastes 8:2; Ecclesiastes 10:20; 1 Peter 2:17). Meddle not with them that are given to change. There is some doubt about the intepretation of the last word שׁונִים (shonim), which may mean those who change, innovators (in which transitive sense the verb does not elsewhere occur), or those who think differently, dissidents, who respect neither God nor the king. The verb שָׁנָה signifies transitively "to repeat," and intransitively "to be changed;" so it may be most accurately translated here, with Delitzsch, "those who are otherwise disposed," who have not the proper sentiments of fear and honour for God and the king. St. Jerome has, Et cum detractoribus non commiscearis, by which word he probably means what we call revolutionists, persons who disparage and despise all authority. Septuagint, "Fear God and the king, and disobey neither of them." The verse has been largely used as a text by preachers who desired to recommend loyalty and to censure disaffection and rebellion. It has been a favourite motto for discourses on the Gunpowder Treason and the execution of Charles I.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

My son, fear thou the Lord, and the king,.... First the Lord, and then the king; and such as fear the Lord are generally loyal to their king; the fear of God includes love to him, reverence of him, faith in him, submission to him, and the whole worship of him, inward and outward, attended with holiness of life and conversation: and the king, who is under God, is to be feared also, with a fear suitable to him; he is to be loved and reverenced, to be trusted in and submitted to, in everything consistent with the fear of God and obedience to him; in whatever is not contrary to his laws, commands, and ordinances; see 1 Peter 2:13;

and meddle not with them that are given to change; in political things; that are for new laws, new forms of government, a new ministry, and a new king; never easy with the government under which they are, but are continually entering into plots, conspiracies, and rebellions, who, instead of fearing God and the king, change the laws and commandments of God and the king, and therefore to be shunned. Some render it, "with rebels"; the Targum and Syriac version, "with fools"; as all such persons are, and should be avoided as scandalous and dangerous: mix not with them, as the word (s) signifies; keep no company, and have no conversation with them, lest you be brought into danger and mischief by them. Or who are given to change in religious things; make innovations in doctrine and practice, always love to hear or say some now thing; turn with every wind, and shift as that does; are tossed about with every wind of doctrine, fickle and inconstant, carried about like meteors in the air, with "divers and strange doctrines"; such as disagree with the perfections of God, the doctrines of Christ and his apostles, the Scriptures of truth, the analogy of faith, anti form of sound words; and so the word here used signifies "divers", and is so rendered Esther 3:8; and may design such who hold doctrines and give into practices divers and different from the faith once delivered to the saints, and from the institutions and appointments of Christ; innovations in doctrine and worship ought not to be admitted of; and such who are for introducing them should not be meddled or mixed with; they should not be countenanced and encouraged; they should not be attended upon or given heed unto; have no fellowship, and join not in communion with them. This is interpreted by some of such who repeat (t) their sins after repentance, or who return a second time to their wickedness after they have repented, as Ben Melech observes.

(s) "ne misceas te", Pagninus, Montanus; "ne commisceto te", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, so Michaelis, Schultens. (t) "cum iterantibus", Pagninus, Montanus; "sub iniquitates suas"; so some in Vatablus, Baynus.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

21, 22. A warning against impiety and resistance to lawful rule (Ro 13:1-7; 1Pe 2:17).

meddle … change—(Compare Margin), literally, "mingle not yourself," avoid the society of restless persons.

Proverbs 24:21 Additional Commentaries
Context
Don't Be Envious of Evil Men
20For there will be no future for the evil man; The lamp of the wicked will be put out. 21My son, fear the LORD and the king; Do not associate with those who are given to change, 22For their calamity will rise suddenly, And who knows the ruin that comes from both of them?
Cross References
Romans 13:1
Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God.

1 Peter 2:17
Show proper respect to everyone, love the family of believers, fear God, honor the emperor.
Treasury of Scripture

My son, fear you the LORD and the king: and meddle not with them that are given to change:

fear

Exodus 14:31 And Israel saw that great work which the LORD did on the Egyptians: …

1 Samuel 24:6 And he said to his men, The LORD forbid that I should do this thing …

Ecclesiastes 8:2-5 I counsel you to keep the king's commandment, and that in regard …

Matthew 22:21 They say to him, Caesar's. Then said he to them, Render therefore …

Romans 13:1-7 Let every soul be subject to the higher powers. For there is no power …

Titus 3:1 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey …

1 Peter 2:13-17 Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: …

meddle

Numbers 16:1-3 Now Korah, the son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi, …

1 Samuel 8:5-7 And said to him, Behold, you are old, and your sons walk not in your …

1 Samuel 12:12-19 And when you saw that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon came …

2 Samuel 15:13 And there came a messenger to David, saying, The hearts of the men …

1 Kings 12:16 So when all Israel saw that the king listened not to them, the people …

given to change

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