Deuteronomy 17:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Anyone who shows contempt for the judge or for the priest who stands ministering there to the LORD your God is to be put to death. You must purge the evil from Israel.

New Living Translation
Anyone arrogant enough to reject the verdict of the judge or of the priest who represents the LORD your God must die. In this way you will purge the evil from Israel.

English Standard Version
The man who acts presumptuously by not obeying the priest who stands to minister there before the LORD your God, or the judge, that man shall die. So you shall purge the evil from Israel.

New American Standard Bible
"The man who acts presumptuously by not listening to the priest who stands there to serve the LORD your God, nor to the judge, that man shall die; thus you shall purge the evil from Israel.

King James Bible
And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not hearken unto the priest that standeth to minister there before the LORD thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The person who acts arrogantly, refusing to listen either to the priest who stands there serving the LORD your God or to the judge, must die. You must purge the evil from Israel.

International Standard Version
If a man presumptuously disregards the priest who is serving the LORD your God there or the judge, that person must die so you will purge evil from Israel.

NET Bible
The person who pays no attention to the priest currently serving the LORD your God there, or to the verdict--that person must die, so that you may purge evil from Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If anyone deliberately disobeys the priest (who serves the LORD your God) or the judge, that person must die. You must get rid of this evil in Israel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the man that will act presumptuously and will not hearken unto the priest that stands to minister there before the LORD thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die; and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel.

King James 2000 Bible
And the man that will act presumptuously, and will not hearken unto the priest that stands to minister there before the LORD your God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and you shall put away the evil from Israel.

American King James Version
And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not listen to the priest that stands to minister there before the LORD your God, or to the judge, even that man shall die: and you shall put away the evil from Israel.

American Standard Version
And the man that doeth presumptuously, in not hearkening unto the priest that standeth to minister there before Jehovah thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he that will be proud, and refuse to obey the commandment of the priest, who ministereth at that time to the Lord thy God, and the decree of the judge, that man shall die, and thou shalt take away the evil from Israel:

Darby Bible Translation
And the man that shall act presumptuously, and not hearken unto the priest that standeth to serve there before Jehovah thy God, or unto the judge, that man shall die; and thou shalt put away evil from Israel.

English Revised Version
And the man that doeth presumptuously, in not hearkening unto the priest that standeth to minister there before the LORD thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not hearken to the priest that standeth to minister there before the LORD thy God, or to the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt remove the evil from Israel.

World English Bible
The man who does presumptuously, in not listening to the priest who stands to minister there before Yahweh your God, or to the judge, even that man shall die: and you shall put away the evil from Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
And the man who acteth with presumption, so as not to hearken unto the priest (who is standing to serve there Jehovah thy God), or unto the judge, even that man hath died, and thou hast put away the evil thing from Israel,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

17:8-13 Courts of judgment were to be set up in every city. Though their judgment had not the Divine authority of an oracle, it was the judgment of wise, prudent, experienced men, and had the advantage of a Divine promise.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The judge of the country court that makes his application to that at Jerusalem for information and direction; if, after all, he is conceited in his own opinion, and rejects theirs, and is obstinate, and will not be guided and directed, but will take his own way, and pursue his own sense of things, and act according to that:

and will not hearken to the priest that standeth to minister there before the Lord thy God; the priests of the tribe of Levi, of whom the court generally consisted, Deuteronomy 17:9, priest for priests; though some think the high priest is meant, to whom the character very well agrees; but he was not always at the head of the sanhedrim, nor indeed a member of it, unless he had the proper qualifications; see Deuteronomy 18:18.

or unto the judge; or judges; See Gill on Deuteronomy 17:9. L'Empereur (g) thinks, that the supreme senate, or grand sanhedrim, was twofold, according to the diversity of ecclesiastic and political matters; since where it treats of the supreme senators, or chief persons in the court, the priest is manifestly distinguished from the judge (i.e. priests or judges); now the man that has asked advice of them, and will not be directed by it, but takes his own way, this being so great a contempt of, and insult upon, the great senate of the nation:

even that man shall die; and this was by strangling, for so the rebellious older, as such an one is called, was to die according to the Misnah (h); and it is said (i), that the death spoken of in the law absolutely (without specifying what kind of death) is strangling:

and thou shall put away the evil from Israel; the evil man that is rebellious against the supreme legislature of the nation, and the evil of contumacy he is guilty of, deterring others from it by his death.

(g) In Misn. Middoth, c. 5. sect. 3.((h) Sanhedrin, c. 10. sect. 2.((i) Maimon. Issure Biah, c. 1. sect. 6.



Deuteronomy 17:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
Courts of Law
11"According to the terms of the law which they teach you, and according to the verdict which they tell you, you shall do; you shall not turn aside from the word which they declare to you, to the right or the left. 12"The man who acts presumptuously by not listening to the priest who stands there to serve the LORD your God, nor to the judge, that man shall die; thus you shall purge the evil from Israel. 13"Then all the people will hear and be afraid, and will not act presumptuously again.
Cross References
1 Corinthians 5:13
God will judge those outside. "Expel the wicked person from among you."

Numbers 15:30
"'But anyone who sins defiantly, whether native-born or foreigner, blasphemes the LORD and must be cut off from the people of Israel.

Deuteronomy 1:43
So I told you, but you would not listen. You rebelled against the LORD's command and in your arrogance you marched up into the hill country.

Deuteronomy 10:8
At that time the LORD set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to stand before the LORD to minister and to pronounce blessings in his name, as they still do today.

Deuteronomy 17:13
All the people will hear and be afraid, and will not be contemptuous again.

Deuteronomy 18:20
But a prophet who presumes to speak in my name anything I have not commanded, or a prophet who speaks in the name of other gods, is to be put to death."

Judges 20:13
Now turn those wicked men of Gibeah over to us so that we may put them to death and purge the evil from Israel." But the Benjamites would not listen to their fellow Israelites.

1 Samuel 3:13
For I told him that I would judge his family forever because of the sin he knew about; his sons blasphemed God, and he failed to restrain them.

Hosea 4:4
"But let no one bring a charge, let no one accuse another, for your people are like those who bring charges against a priest.

Zechariah 3:7
"This is what the LORD Almighty says: 'If you will walk in obedience to me and keep my requirements, then you will govern my house and have charge of my courts, and I will give you a place among these standing here.
Treasury of Scripture

And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not listen to the priest that stands to minister there before the LORD your God, or to the judge, even that man shall die: and you shall put away the evil from Israel.

will do

Deuteronomy 13:5,11 And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death; …

Numbers 15:30 But the soul that does ought presumptuously, whether he be born in …

Ezra 10:8 And that whoever would not come within three days, according to the …

Psalm 19:13 Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not …

Hosea 4:4 Yet let no man strive, nor reprove another: for your people are as …

Matthew 10:14 And whoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when you …

Hebrews 10:26-29 For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge …

and will not hearken [heb] not to hearken

Jeremiah 25:3 From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, …

the priest

Deuteronomy 10:8 At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark …

Deuteronomy 18:5,7 For the LORD your God has chosen him out of all your tribes, to stand …

Luke 10:16 He that hears you hears me; and he that despises you despises me; …

John 12:48 He that rejects me, and receives not my words, has one that judges …

John 20:23 Whose soever sins you remit, they are remitted to them; and whose …

1 Thessalonians 4:2,8 For you know what commandments we gave you by the Lord Jesus…

that man

Hebrews 10:28 He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:

thou shalt

Deuteronomy 17:7 The hands of the witnesses shall be first on him to put him to death, …

Deuteronomy 13:5 And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death; …

Proverbs 21:11 When the scorner is punished, the simple is made wise: and when the …

1 Timothy 5:20 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.

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