Deuteronomy 17:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The man who acts presumptuously by not obeying the priest who stands to minister there before the LORD your God, or the judge, that man shall die. So you shall purge the evil from Israel.

King James Bible
And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not hearken unto the priest that standeth to minister there before the LORD thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel.

American Standard Version
And the man that doeth presumptuously, in not hearkening unto the priest that standeth to minister there before Jehovah thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he that will be proud, and refuse to obey the commandment of the priest, who ministereth at that time to the Lord thy God, and the decree of the judge, that man shall die, and thou shalt take away the evil from Israel:

English Revised Version
And the man that doeth presumptuously, in not hearkening unto the priest that standeth to minister there before the LORD thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not hearken to the priest that standeth to minister there before the LORD thy God, or to the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt remove the evil from Israel.

Deuteronomy 17:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

If such a case should occur, as that a man or woman transgressed the covenant of the Lord and went after other gods and worshipped them; when it was made known, the facts were to be carefully inquired into; and if the charge were substantiated, the criminal was to be led out to the gate and stoned. On the testimony of two or three witnesses, not of one only, he was to be put to death (see at Numbers 35:30); and the hand of the witnesses was to be against him first to put him to death, i.e., to throw the first stones at him, and all the people were to follow. With regard to the different kinds of idolatry in Deuteronomy 17:3, see Deuteronomy 4:19. (On Deuteronomy 17:4, see Deuteronomy 13:15.) "Bring him out to thy gates," i.e., to one of the gates of the town in which the crime was committed. By the gates we are to understand the open space near the gates, where the judicial proceedings took place (cf. Nehemiah 8:1, Nehemiah 8:3; Job. Deu 29:7), the sentence itself being executed outside the town (cf. Deuteronomy 22:24; Acts 7:58; Hebrews 13:12), just as it had been outside the camp during the journey through the wilderness (Leviticus 24:14; Numbers 15:36), to indicate the exclusion of the criminal from the congregation, and from fellowship with God. The infliction of punishment in Deuteronomy 17:5. is like that prescribed in Deuteronomy 13:10-11, for those who tempted others to idolatry; with this exception, that the testimony of more than one witness was required before the sentence could be executed, and the witnesses were to be the first to lift up their hands against the criminal to stone him, that they might thereby give a practical proof of the truth of their statement, and their own firm conviction that the condemned was deserving of death, - "a rule which would naturally lead to the supposition that no man would come forward as a witness without the fullest certainty or the greatest depravity" (Schnell, das isr. Recht).

(Note: "He assigned this part to the witnesses, chiefly because there are so many whose tongue is so slippery, not to say good for nothing, that they would boldly strangle a man with their words, when they would not dare to touch him with one of their fingers. It was the best remedy, therefore, that could be tried for restraining such levity, to refuse to admit the testimony of any man who was not ready to execute judgment with his own hand" (Calvin).)

המּת (Deuteronomy 17:6), the man exposed to death, who was therefore really ipso facto already dead. "So shalt thou put the evil away," etc.: cf. Deuteronomy 13:6.

Deuteronomy 17:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

will do

Deuteronomy 13:5,11 And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death; because he has spoken to turn you away from the LORD your God...

Numbers 15:30 But the soul that does ought presumptuously, whether he be born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproaches the LORD...

Ezra 10:8 And that whoever would not come within three days, according to the counsel of the princes and the elders...

Psalm 19:13 Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright...

Hosea 4:4 Yet let no man strive, nor reprove another: for your people are as they that strive with the priest.

Matthew 10:14 And whoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when you depart out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet.

Hebrews 10:26-29 For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remains no more sacrifice for sins...

and will not hearken [heb] not to hearken

Jeremiah 25:3 From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even to this day, that is the three and twentieth year...

the priest

Deuteronomy 10:8 At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the covenant of the LORD...

Deuteronomy 18:5,7 For the LORD your God has chosen him out of all your tribes, to stand to minister in the name of the LORD, him and his sons for ever...

Luke 10:16 He that hears you hears me; and he that despises you despises me; and he that despises me despises him that sent me.

John 12:48 He that rejects me, and receives not my words, has one that judges him: the word that I have spoken...

John 20:23 Whose soever sins you remit, they are remitted to them; and whose soever sins you retain, they are retained.

1 Thessalonians 4:2,8 For you know what commandments we gave you by the Lord Jesus...

that man

Hebrews 10:28 He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:

thou shalt

Deuteronomy 17:7 The hands of the witnesses shall be first on him to put him to death, and afterward the hands of all the people...

Deuteronomy 13:5 And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death; because he has spoken to turn you away from the LORD your God...

Proverbs 21:11 When the scorner is punished, the simple is made wise: and when the wise is instructed, he receives knowledge.

1 Timothy 5:20 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.

Cross References
1 Corinthians 5:13
God judges those outside. "Purge the evil person from among you."

Numbers 15:30
But the person who does anything with a high hand, whether he is native or a sojourner, reviles the LORD, and that person shall be cut off from among his people.

Deuteronomy 1:43
So I spoke to you, and you would not listen; but you rebelled against the command of the LORD and presumptuously went up into the hill country.

Deuteronomy 10:8
At that time the LORD set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the LORD to stand before the LORD to minister to him and to bless in his name, to this day.

Deuteronomy 17:13
And all the people shall hear and fear and not act presumptuously again.

Deuteronomy 18:20
But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in my name that I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other gods, that same prophet shall die.'

Judges 20:13
Now therefore give up the men, the worthless fellows in Gibeah, that we may put them to death and purge evil from Israel." But the Benjaminites would not listen to the voice of their brothers, the people of Israel.

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