Exodus 22:28
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Do not blaspheme God or curse the ruler of your people.

New Living Translation
"You must not dishonor God or curse any of your rulers.

English Standard Version
“You shall not revile God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not curse God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not blaspheme God or curse a leader among your people."

International Standard Version
"You are not to blaspheme God or curse a ruler of your people.

NET Bible
"You must not blaspheme God or curse the ruler of your people.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Never show disrespect for God or curse a leader of your people.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not revile God, nor curse a ruler of thy people.

New American Standard 1977
“You shall not curse God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt not revile the judges nor curse the prince of thy people.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not revile God, nor curse the ruler of your people.

American King James Version
You shall not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of your people.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not revile God, nor curse a ruler of thy people.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not speak ill of the gods, and the prince of thy people thou shalt not curse.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt not revile the judges, nor curse a prince amongst thy people.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not revile God, nor curse a ruler of thy people.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.

World English Bible
"You shall not blaspheme God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

Young's Literal Translation
'God thou dost not revile, and a prince among thy people thou dost not curse.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

22; 1 - 31 Judicial laws. - The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Titus 2:12. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 28.- Law against reviling God, or rulers. It has been proposed to render Elohim here either

1. "God;" or

2. "The gods;" or


Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Thou shalt not revile the gods,.... Meaning not the idols of the Gentiles, which they reckon gods, and worship as such; which is the sense of Philo, and some others, particularly Josephus (i), who, to curry favour with the Roman emperors given to idolatry, has from hence inserted the following among the laws given to Moses;"let no man blaspheme the gods, which other cities think are such, nor rob strange sacred places, nor receive a gift dedicated to any deity;''but this cannot be the sense of the text, being contrary to Deuteronomy 12:2 nor can it be thought that care should be taken, lest the honour of the Heathen deities should be detracted from; but civil magistrates, the judges of the land, and the like, are meant, who are powers ordained of God, are in his stead, and represent him, and therefore respect should be shown them; nor should they be treated with any degree of slight and contempt, which may discourage and intimidate them, and deter them from the execution of their office: the Targum of Jonathan interprets them of judges very rightly, agreeably to Psalm 82:1 and so Aben Ezra says,"they are the judges and the priests, the sons of Levi, with whom the law is:"

nor curse the ruler of thy people whether civil or ecclesiastic; the last mentioned Jewish writer intend of the king, who is the supreme ruler in things civil, and ought to be honoured and loved, served and obeyed, and not hated and cursed, no, not secretly, not in the bedchamber, nor in the thought of the heart, since not only the thing is criminal but dangerous; it is much if it is not discovered, and then ruin follows upon it, Ecclesiastes 10:20. The Apostle Paul applies it to the high priest among the Jews, who was the ruler in sacred things, Acts 23:5 and may be applicable to the prince of the sanhedrim, or chief in the grand court of judicature; and even to all dignified persons, who ought not to be spoken ill of, and to be abused in the execution of their office, and especially when they perform well.

(i) Antiqu. l. 4. c. 8. sect. 10. Contr. Apion. 1. 2. c. 33.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

28. gods—a word which is several times in this chapter rendered "judges" or magistrates.

the ruler of thy people—and the chief magistrate who was also the high priest, at least in the time of Paul (Ac 23:1-5).

Exodus 22:28 Additional Commentaries
Laws of Social Responsibility
27for that is his only covering; it is his cloak for his body. What else shall he sleep in? And it shall come about that when he cries out to Me, I will hear him, for I am gracious. 28"You shall not curse God, nor curse a ruler of your people. 29"You shall not delay the offering from your harvest and your vintage. The firstborn of your sons you shall give to Me.…
Cross References
Acts 23:5
Paul replied, "Brothers, I did not realize that he was the high priest; for it is written: 'Do not speak evil about the ruler of your people.'"

2 Peter 2:10
This is especially true of those who follow the corrupt desire of the flesh and despise authority. Bold and arrogant, they are not afraid to heap abuse on celestial beings;

Exodus 22:9
In all cases of illegal possession of an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or any other lost property about which somebody says, 'This is mine,' both parties are to bring their cases before the judges. The one whom the judges declare guilty must pay back double to the other.

Leviticus 24:11
The son of the Israelite woman blasphemed the Name with a curse; so they brought him to Moses. (His mother's name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri the Danite.)

Leviticus 24:15
Say to the Israelites: 'Anyone who curses their God will be held responsible;

Leviticus 24:16
anyone who blasphemes the name of the LORD is to be put to death. The entire assembly must stone them. Whether foreigner or native-born, when they blaspheme the Name they are to be put to death.

2 Samuel 16:5
As King David approached Bahurim, a man from the same clan as Saul's family came out from there. His name was Shimei son of Gera, and he cursed as he came out.

2 Samuel 16:9
Then Abishai son of Zeruiah said to the king, "Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? Let me go over and cut off his head."

2 Samuel 19:21
Then Abishai son of Zeruiah said, "Shouldn't Shimei be put to death for this? He cursed the LORD's anointed."

1 Kings 21:10
But seat two scoundrels opposite him and have them bring charges that he has cursed both God and the king. Then take him out and stone him to death."

Psalm 82:1
A psalm of Asaph. God presides in the great assembly; he renders judgment among the "gods":

Ecclesiastes 10:20
Do not revile the king even in your thoughts, or curse the rich in your bedroom, because a bird in the sky may carry your words, and a bird on the wing may report what you say.
Treasury of Scripture

You shall not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of your people.

the gods. or judges

Exodus 22:8,9 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be …

Psalm 32:6 For this shall every one that is godly pray to you in a time when …

Psalm 82:1-7 God stands in the congregation of the mighty; he judges among the gods…

Psalm 138:1 I will praise you with my whole heart: before the gods will I sing …

John 10:34,35 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, You are gods…

nor curse

Exodus 21:17 And he that curses his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

1 Samuel 24:6,10 And he said to his men, The LORD forbid that I should do this thing …

1 Samuel 26:9 And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth …

Ecclesiastes 10:20 Curse not the king, no not in your thought; and curse not the rich …

Acts 23:3,5 Then said Paul to him, God shall smite you, you white washed wall: …

Romans 13:2-7 Whoever therefore resists the power, resists the ordinance of God: …

Titus 3:1,2 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey …

1 Peter 2:17 Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.

2 Peter 2:10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, …

Jude 1:8 Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, …

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