Exodus 22:28
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Do not blaspheme God or curse the ruler of your people.

New Living Translation
"You must not dishonor God or curse any of your rulers.

English Standard Version
“You shall not revile God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not curse God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not blaspheme God or curse a leader among your people."

International Standard Version
"You are not to blaspheme God or curse a ruler of your people.

NET Bible
"You must not blaspheme God or curse the ruler of your people.

New Heart English Bible
"You shall not blaspheme God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Never show disrespect for God or curse a leader of your people.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not revile God, nor curse a ruler of thy people.

New American Standard 1977
“You shall not curse God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt not revile the judges nor curse the prince of thy people.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not revile God, nor curse the ruler of your people.

American King James Version
You shall not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of your people.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not revile God, nor curse a ruler of thy people.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not speak ill of the gods, and the prince of thy people thou shalt not curse.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt not revile the judges, nor curse a prince amongst thy people.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not revile God, nor curse a ruler of thy people.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.

World English Bible
"You shall not blaspheme God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

Young's Literal Translation
'God thou dost not revile, and a prince among thy people thou dost not curse.
Study Bible
Laws of Social Responsibility
27for that is his only covering; it is his cloak for his body. What else shall he sleep in? And it shall come about that when he cries out to Me, I will hear him, for I am gracious. 28"You shall not curse God, nor curse a ruler of your people. 29"You shall not delay the offering from your harvest and your vintage. The firstborn of your sons you shall give to Me.…
Cross References
Acts 23:5
"Brothers," Paul replied, "I was not aware that he was the high priest, for it is written: 'Do not speak evil about the ruler of your people.'"

2 Peter 2:10
Such punishment is specially reserved for those who indulge the corrupt desires of the flesh and despise authority. Bold and self-willed, these men are unafraid to slander angelic majesties.

Exodus 22:9
"For every breach of trust, whether it is for ox, for donkey, for sheep, for clothing, or for any lost thing about which one says, 'This is it,' the case of both parties shall come before the judges; he whom the judges condemn shall pay double to his neighbor.

Leviticus 24:11
The son of the Israelite woman blasphemed the Name and cursed. So they brought him to Moses. (Now his mother's name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan.)

Leviticus 24:15
"You shall speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'If anyone curses his God, then he will bear his sin.

Leviticus 24:16
'Moreover, the one who blasphemes the name of the LORD shall surely be put to death; all the congregation shall certainly stone him. The alien as well as the native, when he blasphemes the Name, shall be put to death.

2 Samuel 16:5
When King David came to Bahurim, behold, there came out from there a man of the family of the house of Saul whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera; he came out cursing continually as he came.

2 Samuel 16:9
Then Abishai the son of Zeruiah said to the king, "Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? Let me go over now and cut off his head."

2 Samuel 19:21
But Abishai the son of Zeruiah said, "Should not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed the LORD'S anointed?"

1 Kings 21:10
and seat two worthless men before him, and let them testify against him, saying, 'You cursed God and the king.' Then take him out and stone him to death."
Treasury of Scripture

You shall not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of your people.

the gods. or judges

Exodus 22:8,9 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be …

Psalm 32:6 For this shall every one that is godly pray to you in a time when …

Psalm 82:1-7 God stands in the congregation of the mighty; he judges among the gods…

Psalm 138:1 I will praise you with my whole heart: before the gods will I sing …

John 10:34,35 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, You are gods…

nor curse

Exodus 21:17 And he that curses his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

1 Samuel 24:6,10 And he said to his men, The LORD forbid that I should do this thing …

1 Samuel 26:9 And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth …

Ecclesiastes 10:20 Curse not the king, no not in your thought; and curse not the rich …

Acts 23:3,5 Then said Paul to him, God shall smite you, you white washed wall: …

Romans 13:2-7 Whoever therefore resists the power, resists the ordinance of God: …

Titus 3:1,2 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey …

1 Peter 2:17 Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.

2 Peter 2:10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, …

Jude 1:8 Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, …

(28) Thou shalt not revile the gods.--The LXX. And Vulgate give the passage this sense; and so it was understood, or at any rate expounded, by Philo (De Vit. Mos. ii. 26) and Josephus (Ant. Jud. iv. 8, 10), who boasted that the Jews abstained from reviling the gods of the nations. But the practice of the most pious Israelites in the best times was different (1Kings 18:27; Psalm 115:4-8; Psalm 135:15-18; Isaiah 41:29; Isaiah 44:9-20; Jeremiah 10:11-15, &c.). The gods of the heathen were uniformly, and with the utmost scorn. "reviled." It has been suggested that the true meaning of elohim in this place is "judges" (Rosenmller, Zunz, Herxheimer); but to have that sense, the word requires the article. It is best, therefore, to translate by "God," as is done by De Wette, Knobel, Keil, Kalisch, Canon Cook, &c., and to understand the entire passage as intended to connect the sin of cursing a ruler with that of reviling God, the ruler being regarded as God's representative.

Verse 28.- Law against reviling God, or rulers. It has been proposed to render Elohim here either

1. "God;" or

2. "The gods;" or

3Thou shalt not revile the gods,.... Meaning not the idols of the Gentiles, which they reckon gods, and worship as such; which is the sense of Philo, and some others, particularly Josephus (i), who, to curry favour with the Roman emperors given to idolatry, has from hence inserted the following among the laws given to Moses;"let no man blaspheme the gods, which other cities think are such, nor rob strange sacred places, nor receive a gift dedicated to any deity;''but this cannot be the sense of the text, being contrary to Deuteronomy 12:2 nor can it be thought that care should be taken, lest the honour of the Heathen deities should be detracted from; but civil magistrates, the judges of the land, and the like, are meant, who are powers ordained of God, are in his stead, and represent him, and therefore respect should be shown them; nor should they be treated with any degree of slight and contempt, which may discourage and intimidate them, and deter them from the execution of their office: the Targum of Jonathan interprets them of judges very rightly, agreeably to Psalm 82:1 and so Aben Ezra says,"they are the judges and the priests, the sons of Levi, with whom the law is:"

nor curse the ruler of thy people whether civil or ecclesiastic; the last mentioned Jewish writer intend of the king, who is the supreme ruler in things civil, and ought to be honoured and loved, served and obeyed, and not hated and cursed, no, not secretly, not in the bedchamber, nor in the thought of the heart, since not only the thing is criminal but dangerous; it is much if it is not discovered, and then ruin follows upon it, Ecclesiastes 10:20. The Apostle Paul applies it to the high priest among the Jews, who was the ruler in sacred things, Acts 23:5 and may be applicable to the prince of the sanhedrim, or chief in the grand court of judicature; and even to all dignified persons, who ought not to be spoken ill of, and to be abused in the execution of their office, and especially when they perform well.

(i) Antiqu. l. 4. c. 8. sect. 10. Contr. Apion. 1. 2. c. 33. 28. gods—a word which is several times in this chapter rendered "judges" or magistrates.

the ruler of thy people—and the chief magistrate who was also the high priest, at least in the time of Paul (Ac 23:1-5). 22; 1 - 31 Judicial laws. - The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Titus 2:12. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.
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