Exodus 22:26
Parallel Verses
New International Version
If you take your neighbor's cloak as a pledge, return it by sunset,

New Living Translation
If you take your neighbor's cloak as security for a loan, you must return it before sunset.

English Standard Version
If ever you take your neighbor’s cloak in pledge, you shall return it to him before the sun goes down,

New American Standard Bible
"If you ever take your neighbor's cloak as a pledge, you are to return it to him before the sun sets,

King James Bible
If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If you ever take your neighbor's cloak as collateral, return it to him before sunset.

International Standard Version
If you take your neighbor's coat as collateral, you are to return it to him by sunset,

NET Bible
If you do take the garment of your neighbor in pledge, you must return it to him by the time the sun goes down,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If you take any of your neighbor's clothes as collateral, give it back to him by sunset.

Jubilee Bible 2000
If thou at all take thy neighbour's clothing as a pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him before the sun goes down;

King James 2000 Bible
If you at all take your neighbor's clothing as pledge, you shall deliver it unto him by the time the sun goes down:

American King James Version
If you at all take your neighbor's raiment to pledge, you shall deliver it to him by that the sun goes down:

American Standard Version
If thou at all take thy neighbor's garment to pledge, thou shalt restore it unto him before the sun goeth down:

Douay-Rheims Bible
If thou take of thy neighbour a garment in pledge, thou shalt give it him again before sunset.

Darby Bible Translation
-- If thou at all take thy neighbour's garment in pledge, thou shalt return it to him before the sun goes down;

English Revised Version
If thou at all take thy neighbour's garment to pledge, thou shalt restore it unto him by that the sun goeth down:

Webster's Bible Translation
If thou shalt at all take thy neighbor's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it to him by the setting of the sun.

World English Bible
If you take your neighbor's garment as collateral, you shall restore it to him before the sun goes down,

Young's Literal Translation
if thou dost at all take in pledge the garment of thy neighbour, during the going in of the sun thou dost return it to him:
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

22; 1 - 31 Judicial laws. - The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Titus 2:12. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 26. - If thou take at all thy neighbour's raiment to pledge. Lending upon pledge, the business of our modern pawnbrokers, was not forbidden by the Jewish law; only certain articles of primary necessity were forbidden to be taken, as the handmill for grinding flour, or either of its mill-stones (Deuteronomy 24:6). Borrowing upon pledge was practised largely in the time of Nehemiah, and led to very ill results. See Nehemiah ch. 5. Thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down. The reason is given in the next verse. As it could not have been worth while to take the pledge at all, if it was immediately to have been given back for good, we must suppose a practice of depositing the garment during the day, and being allowed to have it out at night.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge,.... So that it seems that the lender, though he might not impose usury on the borrower, or oblige him to pay interest for what he lent him, yet for the security of his money he might take his clothes, either his bed clothes or wearing apparel, or any instruments or goods of his; but when he did, he was bound to what follows:

thou shalt deliver it to him by that the sun goeth down; the reason of which appears in the next verse, with respect to his bed clothes, should that be the pledge: but Jarchi interprets it, not of his nocturnal clothes, but of his apparel in the daytime, and paraphrases it thus,"all the day thou shalt restore it to him until the setting of the sun; and when the sun is set, thou shalt return and take it until the morning of the morrow comes; the Scripture speaks of the covering of the day, of which there is no need at night;''but rather night clothes are meant by what follows.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

26, 27. If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, &c.—From the nature of the case, this is the description of a poor man. No Orientals undress, but, merely throwing off their turbans and some of their heavy outer garments, they sleep in the clothes which they wear during the day. The bed of the poor is usually nothing else than a mat; and, in winter, they cover themselves with a cloak—a practice which forms the ground or reason of the humane and merciful law respecting the pawned coat.

Exodus 22:26 Additional Commentaries
Context
Laws of Social Responsibility
25"If you lend money to My people, to the poor among you, you are not to act as a creditor to him; you shall not charge him interest. 26"If you ever take your neighbor's cloak as a pledge, you are to return it to him before the sun sets, 27for that is his only covering; it is his cloak for his body. What else shall he sleep in? And it shall come about that when he cries out to Me, I will hear him, for I am gracious.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 24:6
Do not take a pair of millstones--not even the upper one--as security for a debt, because that would be taking a person's livelihood as security.

Deuteronomy 24:10
When you make a loan of any kind to your neighbor, do not go into their house to get what is offered to you as a pledge.

Deuteronomy 24:13
Return their cloak by sunset so that your neighbor may sleep in it. Then they will thank you, and it will be regarded as a righteous act in the sight of the LORD your God.

Job 22:6
You demanded security from your relatives for no reason; you stripped people of their clothing, leaving them naked.

Job 24:3
They drive away the orphan's donkey and take the widow's ox in pledge.

Job 24:7
Lacking clothes, they spend the night naked; they have nothing to cover themselves in the cold.

Proverbs 20:16
Take the garment of one who puts up security for a stranger; hold it in pledge if it is done for an outsider.

Proverbs 22:27
if you lack the means to pay, your very bed will be snatched from under you.

Amos 2:8
They lie down beside every altar on garments taken in pledge. In the house of their god they drink wine taken as fines.
Treasury of Scripture

If you at all take your neighbor's raiment to pledge, you shall deliver it to him by that the sun goes down:

to pledge

Deuteronomy 24:6,10-13,17 No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for …

Job 22:6 For you have taken a pledge from your brother for nothing, and stripped …

Job 24:3,9 They drive away the donkey of the fatherless, they take the widow's …

Proverbs 20:16 Take his garment that is surety for a stranger: and take a pledge …

Proverbs 22:27 If you have nothing to pay, why should he take away your bed from under you?

Ezekiel 18:7,16 And has not oppressed any, but has restored to the debtor his pledge, …

Ezekiel 33:15 If the wicked restore the pledge, give again that he had robbed, …

Amos 2:8 And they lay themselves down on clothes laid to pledge by every altar…

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