Exodus 22
International Standard Version

Laws Concerning Theft of Personal Property

1a “If a man steals an ox or sheep and slaughters it or sells it, he is to repay five oxenb for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.

2“If a thief is found while breaking into a house,c and is struck down and dies, it is not a capital crimed in that case,e 3but if the sun has risen on him, then it is a capital crimef in that case.g A thiefh shall certainly make restitution, but if he has nothing, he is to be soldi for his theft. 4If what was stolen is actually found alive in his possession, whether an ox, a donkey or a sheep, he is to repay double.

5“When a man lets a field or vineyard be grazed over or releases his livestock so that they graze in another man’s field, he is to make restitution from the best of his field or vineyard.j

6“When a fire breaks out and spreads into thorn bushes and consumes stacked grain or standing grain or the field, the one who started the fire certainly is to make restitution.

7“When a man gives his neighbor money or goods for safekeeping and it’s stolen from the neighbor’s house, the thief, if found, is to repay double. 8If the thief is not found, the owner of the house is to appear before the judgesk to seel whether or not the thief tookm his neighbor’s property.

9“In every ownership disputen involving an ox, donkey, sheep, garment, or anything that is lost where a person says, ‘This is mine,’o the case between the two of them is to come before the judges,p and the one that the judgesq declare guilty is to repay double to his neighbor.

10“When a man gives a donkey, ox, sheep, or any animal to his neighbor for safe keeping, and it dies or is injured or is driven away when no one is looking, 11the two of them are to take an oath in the LORD’s presence that the accusedr has not takens his neighbor’s property. Its owner is to accept this, and the neighbort is not to make restitution. 12But if it was actually stolen from him, the neighboru is to make restitution to its owner. 13If it was torn to pieces, let the neighborv bring the remainsw as evidence, and he is not to make restitution for what was torn apart.

14“When a man borrowsx an animal from his neighbor, and it’s injured or dies while its owner was not with it, he is certainly to make restitution. 15If its owner was with it, he is not to make restitution. If it was hired, its fee covers the loss.”y

Various Other Laws

16“When a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged to be married and has sexual relations with her, he must pay her bride price, and she is to become his wife. 17If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he is to pay an amountz equal to the bride price for virgins.

18“You are not to allow a sorceress to live.

19“Whoever has sexual relations with an animal is certainly to be put to death.

20“Anyone who sacrifices to a god, except the LORD alone, is to be utterly destroyed.

21“You are not to wrong or oppress an alien, because you were aliens in the land of Egypt.

22“You are not to mistreat any widow or orphan. 23If you do mistreat them, they’ll certainly cry out to me, and I’ll immediately hear their cry. 24And I’ll be angry and will kill you with swords,aa and your wives will become widows and your children orphans.

25“If you loan money to my people, to the poor among you, don’t be like a creditor to them and don’t impose interest on them. 26If you take your neighbor’s coat as collateral, you are to return it to him by sunset, 27for it’s his only covering; it’s his outer garment,bb for what else can he sleep in? And when he cries out to me, I’ll hear him, for I am gracious.

28“You are not to blaspheme God or curse a ruler of your people.

29“You are not to hold back the fullness of your harvestcc and the outflow of your wine presses.dd You are to give to me the firstborn of your sons. 30You are to do the same with your oxen and your sheep. They shall be with their mother for seven days and then on the eighth day you are to give them to me.

31“You are to be people set apartee for me. You are not to eat flesh torn apart in the field; you are to throw it to the dogs.”


Footnotes:
a 22:1 This verse is 21:37 in MT
b 22:1 Or cattle
c 22:2 Lit. while breaking in
d 22:2 Lit. dies, there is no bloodguilt
e 22:2 Lit. for him or for it
f 22:3 Lit. then there is bloodguilt
g 22:3 Lit. for him or for it
h 22:3 Lit. He
i 22:3 i.e. sold into slavery
j 22:5 Lit. or the best of his vineyard
k 22:8 Or God
l 22:8 The Heb. lacks to see
m 22:8 Lit. not he laid his hands on
n 22:9 Lit. matter of transgression
o 22:9 Lit. This is it
p 22:9 Or God
q 22:9 Or God
r 22:11 Lit. that he
s 22:11 Lit. not laid his hands on
t 22:11 Lit. he
u 22:12 Lit. he
v 22:13 Lit. him
w 22:13 Lit. bring it
x 22:14 Lit. asks
y 22:15 Lit. its fee comes; i.e. the fee compensates the owner for the loss
z 22:17 Lit. silver
aa 22:24 i.e. using invasions by foreign armies
bb 22:27 Lit. his coat for his skin
cc 22:29 Lit. your fullness
dd 22:29 Lit. your outflow
ee 22:31 Lit. holy



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