Exodus 22:25
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"If you lend money to one of my people among you who is needy, do not treat it like a business deal; charge no interest.

New Living Translation
"If you lend money to any of my people who are in need, do not charge interest as a money lender would.

English Standard Version
“If you lend money to any of my people with you who is poor, you shall not be like a moneylender to him, and you shall not exact interest from him.

New American Standard Bible
"If you lend money to My people, to the poor among you, you are not to act as a creditor to him; you shall not charge him interest.

King James Bible
If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If you lend money to My people, to the poor person among you, you must not be like a moneylender to him; you must not charge him interest."

International Standard Version
"If you loan money to my people, to the poor among you, don't be like a creditor to them and don't impose interest on them.

NET Bible
"If you lend money to any of my people who are needy among you, do not be like a moneylender to him; do not charge him interest.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"If you lend money to my people-to any poor person among you-never act like a moneylender. Charge no interest.

Jubilee Bible 2000
If thou should lend money to my people, to the poor who is with thee, thou shalt not be to him as a usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.

King James 2000 Bible
If you lend money to any of my people who is poor among you, you shall not be to him as a lender, neither shall you charge him interest.

American King James Version
If you lend money to any of my people that is poor by you, you shall not be to him as an usurer, neither shall you lay on him usury.

American Standard Version
If thou lend money to any of my people with thee that is poor, thou shalt not be to him as a creditor; neither shall ye lay upon him interest.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor, that dwelleth with thee, thou shalt not be hard upon them as an extortioner, nor oppress them with usuries.

Darby Bible Translation
if thou lend money to my people, the poor with thee,thou shalt not be to him as a usurer: ye shall charge him no interest.

English Revised Version
If thou lend money to any of my people with thee that is poor, thou shalt not be to him as a creditor; neither shall ye lay upon him usury.

Webster's Bible Translation
If thou shalt lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as a usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.

World English Bible
"If you lend money to any of my people with you who is poor, you shall not be to him as a creditor; neither shall you charge him interest.

Young's Literal Translation
'If thou dost lend My poor people with thee money, thou art not to him as a usurer; thou dost not lay on him usury;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

22; 1 - 31 Judicial laws. - The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Titus 2:12. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 25-27. - The law of lending money and borrowing. It is peculiar to the Jewish law to forbid the lending of money at interest by citizen to citizen. In the present passage, and in some others (Leviticus 25:35; Deuteronomy 15:7), it might seem that interest was only forbidden in the case of a loan to one who was poor; but the general execration of usury (Job 24:9; Proverbs 28:8; Ezekiel 18:13; Ezekiel 22:12), and the description of the righteous man as "he that hath not given his money upon usury" (Psalm 15:5; Ezekiel 18:8), seem rather to imply that the practice, so far as Israelites were concerned, was forbidden altogether. On the other hand, it was distinctly declared (Deuteronomy 23:20) that interest might be taken from strangers. There does not seem to have been any rate of interest which was regarded as excessive, and "usurious," in the modern sense. In Scripture usury means simply interest.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, Such only need to borrow money, and to whom it should be freely lent, when it may be to the good of the borrower, and not any injury to the lender: this law, according to the Jewish writers, only respects Israelites, and not Gentiles; agreeably to which is Jarchi's note,"if thou lend, that is, not to a Gentile; and to which of my people? the poor, and to which of the poor? that is with thee:"

thou shalt not be to him as an usurer; that will not lend without usury, nor without an exorbitant interest, and deals very hardly with the borrower if he is not punctual in the payment of it; the Israelites were not only not to be usurers, but they were not to be like them; they were not to require anything for lending a poor man a little money; as not any settled interest, so neither were they to take any previous gift or reward later, see Luke 6:34.

neither shalt thou lay upon him usury; or oblige him to give interest for money borrowed: it is in the plural, number, "neither shall ye lay"; and Aben Ezra observes, that the lender, scribe, and witness, all transgress this law; that is, when a man lends money on interest, and a bond is made by the scribe for it, and this signed by witnesses, all are guilty of the breach of it: yea, some Jewish writers (h) say, not only those, but whoever is a surety or bondsman for the payment, and even the borrower himself; see Gill on Psalm 15:5.

(h) Misn. Bava Metzia, c. 5. sect. 11. Maimon. & Bartenora in ib.



Exodus 22:25 Additional Commentaries
Context
Laws of Social Responsibility
24and My anger will be kindled, and I will kill you with the sword, and your wives shall become widows and your children fatherless. 25"If you lend money to My people, to the poor among you, you are not to act as a creditor to him; you shall not charge him interest. 26"If you ever take your neighbor's cloak as a pledge, you are to return it to him before the sun sets,…
Cross References
Leviticus 25:35
"'If any of your fellow Israelites become poor and are unable to support themselves among you, help them as you would a foreigner and stranger, so they can continue to live among you.

Leviticus 25:36
Do not take interest or any profit from them, but fear your God, so that they may continue to live among you.

Deuteronomy 15:7
If anyone is poor among your fellow Israelites in any of the towns of the land the LORD your God is giving you, do not be hardhearted or tightfisted toward them.

Deuteronomy 23:19
Do not charge a fellow Israelite interest, whether on money or food or anything else that may earn interest.

Deuteronomy 23:20
You may charge a foreigner interest, but not a fellow Israelite, so that the LORD your God may bless you in everything you put your hand to in the land you are entering to possess.

Nehemiah 5:7
I pondered them in my mind and then accused the nobles and officials. I told them, "You are charging your own people interest!" So I called together a large meeting to deal with them

Psalm 15:5
who lends money to the poor without interest; who does not accept a bribe against the innocent. Whoever does these things will never be shaken.

Proverbs 28:8
Whoever increases wealth by taking interest or profit from the poor amasses it for another, who will be kind to the poor.

Jeremiah 15:10
Alas, my mother, that you gave me birth, a man with whom the whole land strives and contends! I have neither lent nor borrowed, yet everyone curses me.

Ezekiel 18:8
He does not lend to them at interest or take a profit from them. He withholds his hand from doing wrong and judges fairly between two parties.

Ezekiel 18:13
He lends at interest and takes a profit. Will such a man live? He will not! Because he has done all these detestable things, he is to be put to death; his blood will be on his own head.
Treasury of Scripture

If you lend money to any of my people that is poor by you, you shall not be to him as an usurer, neither shall you lay on him usury.

Leviticus 25:35-37 And if your brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with you; …

Deuteronomy 23:19,20 You shall not lend on usury to your brother; usury of money, usury …

2 Kings 4:1,7 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets …

Nehemiah 5:2-5,7,10,11 For there were that said, We, our sons, and our daughters, are many: …

Psalm 15:5 He that puts not out his money to usury, nor takes reward against …

Proverbs 28:8 He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall …

Jeremiah 15:10 Woe is me, my mother, that you have borne me a man of strife and …

Ezekiel 18:8,17 He that has not given forth on usury, neither has taken any increase, …

Matthew 25:27 You ought therefore to have put my money to the exchangers, and then …

Luke 19:23 Why then gave not you my money into the bank, that at my coming I …

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