Matthew 5:42
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

New Living Translation
Give to those who ask, and don't turn away from those who want to borrow.

English Standard Version
Give to the one who begs from you, and do not refuse the one who would borrow from you.

New American Standard Bible
"Give to him who asks of you, and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from you.

King James Bible
Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Give to the one who asks you, and don't turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

International Standard Version
Give to the person who asks you for something, and do not turn away from the person who wants to borrow something from you."

NET Bible
Give to the one who asks you, and do not reject the one who wants to borrow from you.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Whoever asks you, give to him, and whoever wants to borrow from you, do not refuse him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Give to everyone who asks you for something. Don't turn anyone away who wants to borrow something from you.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Give to him that asks of thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.

King James 2000 Bible
Give to him that asks you, and from him that would borrow of you turn not away.

American King James Version
Give to him that asks you, and from him that would borrow of you turn not you away.

American Standard Version
Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Give to him that asketh of thee and from him that would borrow of thee turn not away.

Darby Bible Translation
To him that asks of thee give, and from him that desires to borrow of thee turn not away.

English Revised Version
Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.

Webster's Bible Translation
Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee, turn not thou away.

Weymouth New Testament
To him who asks, give: from him who would borrow, turn not away.

World English Bible
Give to him who asks you, and don't turn away him who desires to borrow from you.

Young's Literal Translation
to him who is asking of thee be giving, and him who is willing to borrow from thee thou mayest not turn away.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:38-42 The plain instruction is, Suffer any injury that can be borne, for the sake of peace, committing your concerns to the Lord's keeping. And the sum of all is, that Christians must avoid disputing and striving. If any say, Flesh and blood cannot pass by such an affront, let them remember, that flesh and blood shall not inherit the kingdom of God; and those who act upon right principles will have most peace and comfort.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 42. - (Cf. Luke 6:30, 34a, 35.) The connexion is as follows: Our Lord spoke first (ver. 39) of entire submission to injuries; then (ver. 40) of acceptance of loss of property; then (ver. 41) of acceptance of a burden imposed; here of acceptance of a demand for pecuniary assistance. This, in its turn, forms an easy transition to the subject of ver. 43, sqq. Give to him that asketh thee, etc. This verse has been often adduced by unbelievers to prove the incompatibility of our Lord's utterances with the conditions of modern society. Wrongly. Because our Lord is inculcating the proper spirit of Christian life, not giving rules to be literally carried out irrespective of circumstances. Hammond (vide Ford) points out that we have "a countermand" in 2 Thessalonians 3:7, 10. (For the possibility of accounting for the verbal differences between this verse and Luke 6:30 by supposing an Aramaic original, see Professor Marshall, in the Expositor, April, 1891, p. 287.)

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Give to him that asketh thee,.... To every man, Luke 6:30 whether Jew or Gentile; friend or foe; believer or unbeliever; a good, or a bad man; worthy or unworthy; deserving or not, that asketh alms, whether food or money; give it freely, readily, cheerfully, according to your abilities, and as the necessity of the object requires: for such rules are always supposed, and to be observed; and though all are to be relieved, yet the circumstances of persons, and their relation to men, are to be considered, and special regard is to be had to the household of faith.

And from him that would borrow of thee, turn not away; refuse him not, turn not away from him with a frown, or without speaking to him, or with a denial; look upon him with a pleasant countenance, cheerfully lend him what he wants, whether he be a Jew, from whom it was not lawful to take usury, or a stranger, from whom it, was lawful to take it, yet take it not; lend him freely, "hoping for nothing again", Luke 6:35 which must not be understood of not hoping for the money lent, for then it would be giving, and not lending; but of not hoping for any reward for lending it: and indeed the money itself is not to be hoped for again, when the circumstances of the borrower are such, that he is not able to make a return.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

42. Give to him that asketh thee—The sense of unreasonable asking is here implied (compare Lu 6:30).

and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away—Though the word signifies classically "to have money lent to one on security," or "with interest," yet as this was not the original sense of the word, and as usury was forbidden among the Jews (Ex 22:25, &c.), it is doubtless simple borrowing which our Lord here means, as indeed the whole strain of the exhortation implies. This shows that such counsels as "Owe no man anything" (Ro 13:8), are not to be taken absolutely; else the Scripture commendations of the righteous for "lending" to his necessitous brother (Ps 37:36; 112:5; Lu 6:37) would have no application.

turn not thou away—a graphic expression of unfeeling refusal to relieve a brother in extremity.

Same Subject—Love to Enemies (Mt 5:43-48).

Matthew 5:42 Additional Commentaries
Context
Love Your Enemies
41"Whoever forces you to go one mile, go with him two. 42"Give to him who asks of you, and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from you. 43"You have heard that it was said, 'YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR and hate your enemy.'…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 15:7
If anyone is poor among your fellow Israelites in any of the towns of the land the LORD your God is giving you, do not be hardhearted or tightfisted toward them.

Deuteronomy 15:8
Rather, be openhanded and freely lend them whatever they need.

Proverbs 21:26
All day long he craves for more, but the righteous give without sparing.

Ecclesiastes 11:2
Invest in seven ventures, yes, in eight; you do not know what disaster may come upon the land.

Matthew 5:41
If anyone forces you to go one mile, go with them two miles.

Luke 6:34
And if you lend to those from whom you expect repayment, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners, expecting to be repaid in full.

1 Timothy 6:18
Command them to do good, to be rich in good deeds, and to be generous and willing to share.
Treasury of Scripture

Give to him that asks you, and from him that would borrow of you turn not you away.

Matthew 25:35-40 For I was an hungered, and you gave me meat: I was thirsty, and you …

Deuteronomy 15:7-14 If there be among you a poor man of one of your brothers within any …

Job 31:16-20 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the …

Psalm 37:21,25,26 The wicked borrows, and pays not again: but the righteous shows mercy, …

Psalm 112:5-9 A good man shows favor, and lends: he will guide his affairs with discretion…

Proverbs 3:27,28 Withhold not good from them to whom it is due, when it is in the …

Proverbs 11:24,25 There is that scatters, and yet increases; and there is that withholds …

Proverbs 19:17 He that has pity on the poor lends to the LORD; and that which he …

Ecclesiastes 11:1,2,6 Cast your bread on the waters: for you shall find it after many days…

Isaiah 58:6-12 Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, …

Daniel 4:27 Why, O king, let my counsel be acceptable to you, and break off your …

Luke 6:30-36 Give to every man that asks of you; and of him that takes away your …

Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as you have; and, behold, all …

Luke 14:12-14 Then said he also to him that bade him, When you make a dinner or …

Romans 12:20 Therefore if your enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him …

2 Corinthians 9:6-15 But this I say, He which sows sparingly shall reap also sparingly; …

1 Timothy 6:17-19 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high minded, …

Hebrews 6:10 For God is not unrighteous to forget your work and labor of love, …

Hebrews 13:16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices …

James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To …

James 2:15,16 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food…

1 John 3:16-18 Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life …

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