Matthew 6:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"So when you give to the needy, do not announce it with trumpets, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets, to be honored by others. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward in full.

New Living Translation
When you give to someone in need, don't do as the hypocrites do--blowing trumpets in the synagogues and streets to call attention to their acts of charity! I tell you the truth, they have received all the reward they will ever get.

English Standard Version
“Thus, when you give to the needy, sound no trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may be praised by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.

New American Standard Bible
"So when you give to the poor, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, so that they may be honored by men. Truly I say to you, they have their reward in full.

King James Bible
Therefore when thou doest thine alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So whenever you give to the poor, don't sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets, to be applauded by people. I assure you: They've got their reward!

International Standard Version
So whenever you give to the poor, don't blow a trumpet before you like the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets so that they will be praised by people. I tell all of you with certainty, they have their full reward!

NET Bible
Thus whenever you do charitable giving, do not blow a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in synagogues and on streets so that people will praise them. I tell you the truth, they have their reward.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
When therefore you do your charity giving, you should not blast a trumpet before you like the pretenders in the synagogues and in the streets, so that they may be glorified by the children of men; truly I say to you, they have received their reward.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So when you give to the poor, don't announce it with trumpet fanfare. This is what hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets in order to be praised by people. I can guarantee this truth: That will be their only reward.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore, when thou doest thine alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They already have their reward.

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore when you give your alms, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.

American King James Version
Therefore when you do your alms, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Truly I say to you, They have their reward.

American Standard Version
When therefore thou doest alms, sound not a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have received their reward.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore when thou dost an almsdeed, sound not a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may be honoured by men. Amen I say to you, they have received their reward.

Darby Bible Translation
When therefore thou doest alms, sound not a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, so that they may have glory from men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.

English Revised Version
When therefore thou doest alms, sound not a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have received their reward.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore, when thou doest thy alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do, in the synagogues, and in the streets, that they may have glory from men. Verily, I say to you, they have their reward.

Weymouth New Testament
When you give in charity, never blow a trumpet before you as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and streets in order that their praises may be sung by men. I solemnly tell you that they already have their reward.

World English Bible
Therefore when you do merciful deeds, don't sound a trumpet before yourself, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may get glory from men. Most certainly I tell you, they have received their reward.

Young's Literal Translation
whenever, therefore, thou mayest do kindness, thou mayest not sound a trumpet before thee as the hypocrites do, in the synagogues, and in the streets, that they may have glory from men; verily I say to you -- they have their reward!
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

6:1-4 Our Lord next warned against hypocrisy and outward show in religious duties. What we do, must be done from an inward principle, that we may be approved of God, not that we may be praised of men. In these verses we are cautioned against hypocrisy in giving alms. Take heed of it. It is a subtle sin; and vain-glory creeps into what we do, before we are aware. But the duty is not the less necessary and excellent for being abused by hypocrites to serve their pride. The doom Christ passes, at first may seem a promise, but it is their reward; not the reward God promises to those who do good, but the reward hypocrites promise themselves, and a poor reward it is; they did it to be seen of men, and they are seen of men. When we take least notice of our good deeds ourselves, God takes most notice of them. He will reward thee; not as a master who gives his servant what he earns, and no more, but as a Father who gives abundantly to his son that serves him.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 2-4. - Almsgiving. Matthew only. Verse 2. - Therefore. A deduction from the general principle laid down in ver. 1. When thou doest alms (ποιῇς ἐλεημοσύνην). The exact phrase comes here and ver. 3 only. In Luke 11:41 and Luke 12:33 (δότε) alms are con-sidereal rather as a gift; in Acts 9:36; Acts 10:2; Acts 24:17 (ἐλεημοσύνας), rather as to their separate occasions and materials; here quite generally but rather as an action, a work. Do not sound a trumpet (μὴ σαλπίσῃς). Probably a purely metaphorical expression (cf. our "He is his own trumpeter"). Edersheim, 'Temple,' etc., p. 27 (cf. Schottgen) sees rather in it an ironical allusion to the form and name of the treasure-chests in the court of the women. "The Lord, making use of the word 'trumpet,' describes the conduct of those who, in their almsgiving, sought glory from men as 'sounding a trumpet' before them - that is, carrying before them, as it were, in full display one of these trumpet-shaped alms-boxes (literally called in the Talmud, 'trumpets'), and, as it were, sounding it." This interpretation would have been less fanciful if the substantive had been used instead of the verb. Others (e.g. Calvin, Bengel) have taken it of a literal trumpet; but of this practice there is no evidence whatever. "I have not found, although I have sought for it much and seriously, even the least mention of a trumpet in almsgiving" (J. Lightfoot, 'Hor. Hebr.'). Before thee; part of the metaphor, since one holds a trumpet up to one's mouth. As the hypocrites do. The comma after "do" in the ordinary text of the Authorized Version (not in Scrivener) connects "do not sound a trumpet before thee" with "in the synagogues," etc., and more readily suggests the literal interpretation of "trumpet" to the English reader. The hypocrites (οἱ ὑποκριταί). In Attic usage the word means those who play a part upon the stage. Hence, by an easy transition to the moral sphere," hypocrisy" became used in later Greek of "the assumption of a part which masked [men's] genuine feelings, and made them appear otherwise than they were" (cf. Bishop Lightfoot, on Galatians 2:13). Persons who assumed this part would indeed often be identical with ὁ ἀσεβεῖς οἱ παράνομοι, and the term ὑποκριταί may sometimes be used as synonymous with these (an extension of language which would be the more easy as the Hebrew word for "hypocrite" (חנפ) implies not so much hypocrisy as pollution by sin); but there seems no need (contrast Hatch, 'Essays,' p. 91) to see any other connotation in the New Testament than "hypocrite." To wilfully and continuously attempt to produce a false impression - especially in religion - is, after all, a mark of extreme distance from the truth-loving God. In the synagogues and in the streets (ver. 5, note). That they may have glory of men (o%pw δοξασθῶσιν); instead of this glory being given to God (ch. 5:16). The thought, however, of the word is rather of the glory given than of their welcome reception of it (δόξαν λαμβάνειν, John 5:44; contrast Luke 4:15). Verily (ch. 5:18, note). They have; Revised Version, they have received (ἀπέχουσιν). The force of the preposition is "correspondence, i.e. of the contents to the capacity, of the possession to the desire, etc., so that it denotes the full complement" (Bishop Lightfoot, on Philippians 4:18). That which fully corresponds to their desires and their rightful expectation they have to the full. They therefore have (ἔχουσι) no other reward left for them to receive (ver. 1). Schottgen gives several examples of Jewish sayings about men receiving their reward in this life only (cf. Ign., 'Polyc.,' § 5, "If a man boast [of his chastity], he is lost").

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Wherefore, when thou dost thine alms,.... Christ proceeds to give some directions and cautions about giving of alms, that they might be done aright, and answer some valuable purposes for the glory of God, the good of others, and their own:

do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do, in the synagogues, and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. The persons Christ has reference to were the Scribes and Pharisees, who did all they did to be seen of men; whom he calls "hypocrites"; as he often does, because they put on an appearance of religion and holiness, but inwardly, and otherwise, were very wicked men. It does not appear that any such practice was literally performed, as blowing a trumpet before them, when they gave their alms; though the collectors of alms did, by some means, publicly notify to the people when they were about that service: for one of their rules is (m),

"the collectors of alms do not proclaim on a feast, as they proclaim on a common day; but they collected "privately", and put it into their bosom, and distributed it to everyone by himself.''

Wherefore this must be understood proverbially; and the sense is, that when they did their alms, they chose public places for it, such as the "synagogues", where was a large concourse of people met together for religious worship; or the open "streets" of the city, where people were continually walking to and fro, so that nothing could be done in this way, but what must be seen and observed: and moreover, they took care, either by themselves, or others, to proclaim their good actions, that they might "have glory of men"; not only of the poor, or the collectors for them, but of the spectators. R. Aben Ezra (n) says, that

"a man that gives alms to the poor, must not give it because of the glory of the collector, i.e. that he may have glory of him; nor that the children of men may praise him.''

But his ancestors were of another mind: but what did they get by it?

verily I say unto you, they have their reward; and a poor one it is, the applause of men: however, it is what they seek after, and is all their empty performances deserve, and all they will have.

"He that glories in anything done by himself, , "he takes", or receives "his reward" (o); for as for any reward from God, they will have none;''

in this sense, as the Ethiopic version reads it, "they have lost their reward": and, as a learned critic has thought, is the sense of the Greek word, "they forbid", or "hinder their reward". By seeking the glory of men, they lay impediments in the way of receiving honour from God.

(m) T. Hieros. Demai, fol. 23. 2.((n) In Exodus 20.3.((o) R. Jona apud Capell. Spicileg. in loc.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. Therefore, when thou doest thine alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee—The expression is to be taken figuratively for blazoning it. Hence our expression to "trumpet."

as the hypocrites do—This word—of such frequent occurrence in Scripture, signifying primarily "one who acts a part"—denotes one who either pretends to be what he is not (as here), or dissembles what he really is (as in Lu 12:1, 2).

in the synagogues and in the streets—the places of religious and secular resort.

that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you—In such august expressions, it is the Lawgiver and Judge Himself that we hear speaking to us.

They have their reward—All they wanted was human applause, and they have it—and with it, all they will ever get.

Matthew 6:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
Instruction about Giving
1"Beware of practicing your righteousness before men to be noticed by them; otherwise you have no reward with your Father who is in heaven. 2"So when you give to the poor, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, so that they may be honored by men. Truly I say to you, they have their reward in full. 3"But when you give to the poor, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing,…
Cross References
Proverbs 20:6
Many claim to have unfailing love, but a faithful person who can find?

Matthew 6:3
But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing,

Matthew 6:5
"And when you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the street corners to be seen by others. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward in full.

Matthew 6:16
"When you fast, do not look somber as the hypocrites do, for they disfigure their faces to show others they are fasting. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward in full.

Matthew 23:5
"Everything they do is done for people to see: They make their phylacteries wide and the tassels on their garments long;

Luke 6:24
"But woe to you who are rich, for you have already received your comfort.

1 Corinthians 13:3
If I give all I possess to the poor and give over my body to hardship that I may boast, but do not have love, I gain nothing.
Treasury of Scripture

Therefore when you do your alms, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Truly I say to you, They have their reward.

when.

Job 31:16-20 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the …

Psalm 37:21 The wicked borrows, and pays not again: but the righteous shows mercy, …

Psalm 112:9 He has dispersed, he has given to the poor; his righteousness endures …

Proverbs 19:17 He that has pity on the poor lends to the LORD; and that which he …

Ecclesiastes 11:2 Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for you know not what …

Isaiah 58:7,10-12 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the …

Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as you have; and, behold, all …

Luke 12:33 Sell that you have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which …

John 13:29 For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had …

Acts 9:36 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by …

Acts 10:2,4,31 A devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave …

Acts 11:29 Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined …

Acts 24:17 Now after many years I came to bring alms to my nation, and offerings.

Romans 12:8 Or he that exhorts, on exhortation: he that gives, let him do it …

2 Corinthians 9:6-15 But this I say, He which sows sparingly shall reap also sparingly; …

Galatians 2:10 Only they would that we should remember the poor; the same which …

Ephesians 4:28 Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labor, working …

1 Timothy 6:18 That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, …

Philemon 1:7 For we have great joy and consolation in your love, because the bowels …

Hebrews 13:16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices …

James 2:15,16 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food…

1 Peter 4:11 If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man …

1 John 3:17-19 But whoever has this world's good, and sees his brother have need, …

do not sound a trumpet. or, cause not a trumpet to be sounded.

Proverbs 20:6 Most men will proclaim every one his own goodness: but a faithful …

Hosea 8:1 Set the trumpet to your mouth. He shall come as an eagle against …

as.

Matthew 6:5 And when you pray, you shall not be as the hypocrites are…

Matthew 7:5 You hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of your own eye…

Matthew 15:7 You hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying,

Matthew 16:3 And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is …

Matthew 22:18 But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt you me, …

Matthew 23:13-29 But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you shut up …

Matthew 24:51 And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: …

Isaiah 9:17 Therefore the LORD shall have no joy in their young men, neither …

Isaiah 10:6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people …

Mark 7:6 He answered and said to them, Well has Esaias prophesied of you hypocrites, …

Luke 6:42 Either how can you say to your brother, Brother, let me pull out …

Luke 12:56 You hypocrites, you can discern the face of the sky and of the earth; …

Luke 13:15 The Lord then answered him, and said, You hypocrite, does not each …

in the synagogues.

Matthew 6:5 And when you pray, you shall not be as the hypocrites are…

Matthew 23:6 And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues,

Mark 12:39 And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts:

Luke 11:43 Woe to you, Pharisees! for you love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, …

Luke 20:46 Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love …

glory.

1 Samuel 15:30 Then he said, I have sinned: yet honor me now, I pray you, before …

John 5:41,44 I receive not honor from men…

John 7:18 He that speaks of himself seeks his own glory: but he that seeks …

1 Thessalonians 2:6 Nor of men sought we glory, neither of you, nor yet of others, when …

verily.

Matthew 6:5,16 And when you pray, you shall not be as the hypocrites are…

Matthew 5:18 For truly I say to you, Till heaven and earth pass, one stroke or …

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