James 4:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says: "God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble."

New Living Translation
But he gives us even more grace to stand against such evil desires. As the Scriptures say, "God opposes the proud but favors the humble."

English Standard Version
But he gives more grace. Therefore it says, “God opposes the proud, but gives grace to the humble.”

New American Standard Bible
But He gives a greater grace. Therefore it says, "GOD IS OPPOSED TO THE PROUD, BUT GIVES GRACE TO THE HUMBLE."

King James Bible
But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But He gives greater grace. Therefore He says: God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble.

International Standard Version
But he gives all the more grace. And so he says, "God opposes the arrogant but gives grace to the humble."

NET Bible
But he gives greater grace. Therefore it says, "God opposes the proud, but he gives grace to the humble."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But our Lord gives us more grace; therefore, he said, “God humbles the proud and he gives grace to the humble.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But God shows us even more kindness. Scripture says, "God opposes arrogant people, but he is kind to humble people."

Jubilee Bible 2000
But he gives greater grace. Therefore he says, God resists the proud, but gives grace unto the humble.

King James 2000 Bible
But he gives more grace. Therefore he says, God resists the proud, but gives grace unto the humble.

American King James Version
But he gives more grace. Why he said, God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble.

American Standard Version
But he giveth more grace. Wherefore the scripture'saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace to the humble.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he giveth greater grace. Wherefore he saith: God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble.

Darby Bible Translation
But he gives more grace. Wherefore he says, God sets himself against [the] proud, but gives grace to [the] lowly.

English Revised Version
But he giveth more grace. Wherefore the scripture saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace to the humble.

Webster's Bible Translation
But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace to the humble.

Weymouth New Testament
But He gives more abundant grace, as is implied in His saying, "God sets Himself against the haughty, but to the lowly He gives grace."

World English Bible
But he gives more grace. Therefore it says, "God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble."

Young's Literal Translation
and greater grace he doth give, wherefore he saith, 'God against proud ones doth set Himself up, and to lowly ones He doth give grace?'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:1-10 Since all wars and fightings come from the corruptions of our own hearts, it is right to mortify those lusts that war in the members. Wordly and fleshly lusts are distempers, which will not allow content or satisfaction. Sinful desires and affections stop prayer, and the working of our desires toward God. And let us beware that we do not abuse or misuse the mercies received, by the disposition of the heart when prayers are granted When men ask of God prosperity, they often ask with wrong aims and intentions. If we thus seek the things of this world, it is just in God to deny them. Unbelieving and cold desires beg denials; and we may be sure that when prayers are rather the language of lusts than of graces, they will return empty. Here is a decided warning to avoid all criminal friendships with this world. Worldly-mindedness is enmity to God. An enemy may be reconciled, but enmity never can be reconciled. A man may have a large portion in things of this life, and yet be kept in the love of God; but he who sets his heart upon the world, who will conform to it rather than lose its friendship, is an enemy to God. So that any one who resolves at all events to be upon friendly terms with the world, must be the enemy of God. Did then the Jews, or the loose professors of Christianity, think the Scripture spake in vain against this worldly-mindedness? or does the Holy Spirit who dwells in all Christians, or the new nature which he creates, produce such fruit? Natural corruption shows itself by envying. The spirit of the world teaches us to lay up, or lay out for ourselves, according to our own fancies; God the Holy Spirit teaches us to be willing to do good to all about us, as we are able. The grace of God will correct and cure the spirit by nature in us; and where he gives grace, he gives another spirit than that of the world. The proud resist God: in their understanding they resist the truths of God; in their will they resist the laws of God; in their passions they resist the providence of God; therefore, no wonder that God resists the proud. How wretched the state of those who make God their enemy! God will give more grace to the humble, because they see their need of it, pray for it are thankful for it, and such shall have it. Submit to God, ver. 7. Submit your understanding to the truth of God; submit your wills to the will of his precept, the will of his providence. Submit yourselves to God, for he is ready to do you good. If we yield to temptations, the devil will continually follow us; but if we put on the whole armour of God, and stand out against him, he will leave us. Let sinners then submit to God, and seek his grace and favour; resisting the devil. All sin must be wept over; here, in godly sorrow, or, hereafter, in eternal misery. And the Lord will not refuse to comfort one who really mourns for sin, or to exalt one who humbles himself before him.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 6. - God resisteth the proud. The connection of this with ver. 4 is very close, and is favorable to the view taken above as to the meaning of the first clause of ver. 5, as the words appear to be cited in support of the statement that whosoever would be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God. The quotation is from Proverbs 3:34, LXX., Κύριος ὑπερηφάνοις ἀντιτάσσεται, ταπεινοῖς δὲ δίδωσι χάριν. St. James's version agrees with this exactly, except that it has ὁ Θεὸς instead of Κύριος (the Hebrew has simply "he," ran). The passage is also quoted in precisely the same form by St. Peter (1 Peter 5:5), and with Θεὸς instead of ὁ Θεός by St. Clement of Rome. In St. Peter the quotation is followed by the injunction, "Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God .... Your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion walketh about, seeking whom he may devour: whom withstand (ω΅ι ἀντίστητε) steadfast in the faith." There is clearly a connection between this passage and the one before us in St. James, which proceeds, "Be subject therefore unto God; but resist the devil (ἀντίστητε δὲ τῷ διαβόλῳ), and he will flee from you." This passage, it will be felt, is the simpler, and therefore, probably, the earlier of the two (cf. James 1:3).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But he giveth more grace,.... The Arabic version adds, "to us"; the Ethiopic version, "to you"; and the Syriac version reads the whole thus; "but our Lord gives more grace to us"; or "greater grace"; than the world can give, whose friendship is courted by men; the least measure of grace, of faith, and hope, and love, and of a spiritual knowledge of Christ, and interest in him, and of peace, joy, and comfort, is more worth than all the world, and everything in it: or greater grace, more favours than the saints are able to ask or think; so Solomon had more favours given him than he could think of asking for: or greater grace, and larger measures of it, even of spiritual light and knowledge, under the Gospel dispensation, than under the former dispensation; or where God bestows gifts qualifying for service and usefulness, and these are made use of and employed for such purposes, he gives more: or this may refer to internal grace wrought by the Spirit of God, in the hearts of his people; more of which he may be said to give, when he causes it to abound, as to its acts and exercises; when faith grows exceedingly, hope revives, and is lively, and abounds through his power and influence, and love to God and Christ, and one another, abounds yet more and more; when there is a growth in every grace, and in the knowledge of Christ Jesus, so that this grace becomes a well of living waters, springing up into eternal life, which at last will have its perfection in glory:

wherefore he saith; either the Spirit that gives more grace, or the Scripture, or God in the Scripture, in Proverbs 3:34,

God resisteth the proud: or scorns the scorners; he rejects them that trust in themselves that they are righteous, and despise others; that say, Stand by thyself, I am holier than thou; that are proud of themselves, their enjoyments, their gifts, their external righteousness, and holiness, and are full, and rich, and increased with goods, and stand in need of nothing; these he opposes, he sets himself against, he thrusts them away from him, he sends them away empty, and scatters them in the imagination of their own hearts; and in the things in which they deal proudly, he is above them; he sits in the heavens and laughs at them, and frustrates all their schemes:

but he giveth grace unto the humble; who are sensible of their own vileness and meanness, and acknowledge it; who think the meanest of themselves, and the best of others; and do not envy the gifts and graces of God bestowed upon others, but rejoice at them; and ascribe all they have, and are, to the free grace of God; and ingenuously confess the deficiency of their duties, and the insufficiency of their righteousness to justify them before God; and that when they have done all they can, or are assisted to do, they are but unprofitable servants: now to these God gives grace; he not only gives grace at first, to make them humble, but he gives them more grace, or increases what he gives: grace is God's gift; he gives all the grace that is in Christ, and all the blessings of grace that are in the covenant, and all the grace that is in the hearts of his people; as faith, hope, love, repentance, humility, patience, self-denial, resignation to his will, and every degree of spiritual knowledge; and grace is only his gift; men cannot give it to themselves, nor can the best of men give it to others; not godly parents to their children; nor ministers to those to whom they preach; no, nor the angels in heaven; nor is it to be obtained by the works of men: it is a free gift; it is given of the sovereign will and good pleasure of God, to whom, and when, and in what measure he pleases; to which he is not induced by any motives in men, for they have nothing in them to move him to it; and it is given by him absolutely, without conditions, not suspending it till the performance of them; and he gives it cheerfully and not grudgingly, largely, bountifully, and in great abundance.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

6. But—"Nay, rather."

he—God.

giveth more grace—ever increasing grace; the farther ye depart from "envy" [Bengel].

he saith—The same God who causes His spirit to dwell in believers (Jas 4:5), by the Spirit also speaks in Scripture. The quotation here is probably from Pr 3:34; as probably Pr 21:10 was generally referred to in Jas 4:5. In Hebrew it is "scorneth the scorners," namely, those who think "Scripture speaketh in vain."

resisteth—literally, "setteth Himself in array against"; even as they, like Pharaoh, set themselves against Him. God repays sinners in their own coin. "Pride" is the mother of "envy" (Jas 4:5); it is peculiarly satanic, for by it Satan fell.

the proud—The Greek means in derivation one who shows himself above his fellows, and so lifts himself against God.

the humble—the unenvious, uncovetous, and unambitious as to the world. Contrast Jas 4:4.

James 4:6 Additional Commentaries
Context
Warning against Pride
5Or do you think that the Scripture speaks to no purpose: "He jealously desires the Spirit which He has made to dwell in us"? 6But He gives a greater grace. Therefore it says, "GOD IS OPPOSED TO THE PROUD, BUT GIVES GRACE TO THE HUMBLE."
Cross References
Job 22:29
When people are brought low and you say, 'Lift them up!' then he will save the downcast.

Psalm 138:6
Though the LORD is exalted, he looks kindly on the lowly; though lofty, he sees them from afar.

Proverbs 3:34
He mocks proud mockers but shows favor to the humble and oppressed.

Proverbs 29:23
Pride brings a person low, but the lowly in spirit gain honor.

Isaiah 54:7
"For a brief moment I abandoned you, but with deep compassion I will bring you back.

Matthew 13:12
Whoever has will be given more, and they will have an abundance. Whoever does not have, even what they have will be taken from them.

Matthew 23:12
For those who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted.

James 4:10
Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up.

1 Peter 5:5
In the same way, you who are younger, submit yourselves to your elders. All of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, because, "God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble."
Treasury of Scripture

But he gives more grace. Why he said, God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble.

God.

Exodus 10:3,4 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus said …

Exodus 15:9,10 The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the …

Exodus 18:11 Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods: for in the thing …

1 Samuel 2:3 Talk no more so exceeding proudly; let not arrogance come out of …

Job 22:29 When men are cast down, then you shall say, There is lifting up; …

Job 40:10-12 Deck yourself now with majesty and excellency; and array yourself …

Psalm 138:6 Though the LORD be high, yet has he respect to the lowly: but the …

Proverbs 3:34 Surely he scorns the scorners: but he gives grace to the lowly.

Proverbs 6:16,17 These six things does the LORD hate: yes, seven are an abomination to him…

Proverbs 29:23 A man's pride shall bring him low: but honor shall uphold the humble in spirit.

Isaiah 2:11,12,17 The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men …

Isaiah 10:8-14 For he said, Are not my princes altogether kings…

Isaiah 16:6,7 We have heard of the pride of Moab; he is very proud: even of his …

Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honor the King of heaven, …

Daniel 5:20-23 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, …

Matthew 23:12 And whoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall …

Luke 1:52 He has put down the mighty from their seats, and exalted them of low degree.

Luke 14:11 For whoever exalts himself shall be abased; and he that humbles himself …

Luke 18:14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than …

1 Peter 5:5 Likewise, you younger, submit yourselves to the elder. Yes, all of …

giveth grace.

2 Chronicles 32:26 Notwithstanding Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, …

2 Chronicles 33:12,19,23 And when he was in affliction, he sought the LORD his God, and humbled …

2 Chronicles 34:27 Because your heart was tender, and you did humble yourself before …

Job 22:29 When men are cast down, then you shall say, There is lifting up; …

Psalm 9:12 When he makes inquisition for blood, he remembers them: he forgets …

Proverbs 15:33 The fear of the LORD is the instruction of wisdom; and before honor is humility.

Proverbs 18:12 Before destruction the heart of man is haughty, and before honor is humility.

Proverbs 22:4 By humility and the fear of the LORD are riches, and honor, and life.

Isaiah 57:15 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose …

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