Matthew 23:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For those who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted.

New Living Translation
But those who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted.

English Standard Version
Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.

New American Standard Bible
"Whoever exalts himself shall be humbled; and whoever humbles himself shall be exalted.

King James Bible
And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.

International Standard Version
Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.

NET Bible
And whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Whoever will exalt himself will be humbled and whoever will humble himself will be exalted.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Whoever honors himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be honored.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled, and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

King James 2000 Bible
And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

American King James Version
And whoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

American Standard Version
And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled; and whosoever shall humble himself shall be exalted.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled: and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

Darby Bible Translation
And whoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled, and whoever shall humble himself shall be exalted.

English Revised Version
And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled; and whosoever shall humble himself shall be exalted.

Webster's Bible Translation
And whoever shall exalt himself, shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself, shall be exalted.

Weymouth New Testament
and one who exalts himself shall be abased, while one who abases himself shall be exalted.

World English Bible
Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.

Young's Literal Translation
and whoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled, and whoever shall humble himself shall be exalted.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

23:1-12 The scribes and Pharisees explained the law of Moses, and enforced obedience to it. They are charged with hypocrisy in religion. We can only judge according to outward appearance; but God searches the heart. They made phylacteries. These were scrolls of paper or parchment, wherein were written four paragraphs of the law, to be worn on their foreheads and left arms, Ex 13:2-10; 13:11-16; De 6:4-9; 11:13-21. They made these phylacteries broad, that they might be thought more zealous for the law than others. God appointed the Jews to make fringes upon their garments, Nu 15:38, to remind them of their being a peculiar people; but the Pharisees made them larger than common, as if they were thereby more religious than others. Pride was the darling, reigning sin of the Pharisees, the sin that most easily beset them, and which our Lord Jesus takes all occasions to speak against. For him that is taught in the word to give respect to him that teaches, is commendable; but for him that teaches, to demand it, to be puffed up with it, is sinful. How much is all this against the spirit of Christianity! The consistent disciple of Christ is pained by being put into chief places. But who that looks around on the visible church, would think this was the spirit required? It is plain that some measure of this antichristian spirit prevails in every religious society, and in every one of our hearts.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 12. - Whosever shall exalt himself shall be abased (ταπεινωθήσεται, shall be humbled); and he that shall humble (ταπεινώσει) himself shall be exalted. It is not clear why the rendering of the verb is not uniform in this verse. The antithesis certainly requires it. The gnome, so often repeated (see references), seems to be, as it has been called, "an axiom in the kingdom of God." It is indeed a universal law in God's dealings with men. Olshausen quotes a saying! of Hillel to the same purport, "My humility is my exaltation, and my exaltation is my humility." The first clause was prophetic of the speedy overthrow of the haughty Pharisees; the second is grandly illustrated in the example of Christ, who humbled himself to the death of the cross, and is now highly exalted; who "for the joy that was set before him, endured the cross, despising shame, and hath sat down at the right hand of the throne of God" (Hebrews 12:2). St. Peter draws the lesson, "Humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time" (1 Peter 5:5, 6).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And whosoever shall exalt himself,.... Above his fellow Christians, or fellow ministers, by entertaining too high an opinion of himself, by boasting of his gifts, as preferable to others, and as if he had not received them; by assuming, or eagerly coveting titles of honour among men, or by affecting honour that do not belong to him, or, abusing what he has: "shall be abased"; or humbled by God, or men, or both; such shall lose the honour they have, and come greatly short of what they are ambitious of; they shall fall into disgrace with men, and are abominable in the sight of God: "and he that shall humble himself"; by entertaining low thoughts, and a mean opinion of himself, behaving modestly among men; not being elated with his gifts, but acknowledging that they are owing to the grace and goodness of God; and using them in an humble manner, for, the advantage of others; not coveting honour from men, nor lifted up with what is conferred on him: "shall be exalted"; by God, or men, or both; if not in this world, yet in the world to come: and indeed, generally speaking, such modest, humble, persons, are most esteemed among men; and God gives more grace unto them, and will at last give them glory. This is a saying, often used by our Lord on different accounts, both with respect to his disciples, for their instruction, and with regard to the scribes and Pharisees, for their mortification; see Luke 14:11. It seems to be a proverbial expression, and much in use among the Jews: it is said in so many words in the Talmud (u), as here;

"whosoever shall humble himself, the holy blessed God shall exalt him; and whosoever shall exalt himself, the holy blessed God shall humble him.''

(u) T. Bab. Erubin, fol. 13. 2. & 54. 1. & Nedarim, fol. 55. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

12. And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased—See on [1347]Lu 18:14. What follows was addressed more immediately to the scribes and Pharisees.

Matthew 23:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
Woes to Scribes and Pharisees
11"But the greatest among you shall be your servant. 12"Whoever exalts himself shall be humbled; and whoever humbles himself shall be exalted. 13"But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you shut off the kingdom of heaven from people; for you do not enter in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in.…
Cross References
Job 22:29
When people are brought low and you say, 'Lift them up!' then he will save the downcast.

Proverbs 29:23
Pride brings a person low, but the lowly in spirit gain honor.

Luke 14:11
For all those who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted."

Luke 18:14
"I tell you that this man, rather than the other, went home justified before God. For all those who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted."

James 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says: "God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble."

1 Peter 5:6
Humble yourselves, therefore, under God's mighty hand, that he may lift you up in due time.
Treasury of Scripture

And whoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

Matthew 5:3 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Matthew 18:4 Whoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the …

Job 22:29 When men are cast down, then you shall say, There is lifting up; …

Psalm 138:6 Though the LORD be high, yet has he respect to the lowly: but the …

Proverbs 15:33 The fear of the LORD is the instruction of wisdom; and before honor is humility.

Proverbs 16:18,19 Pride goes before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall…

Proverbs 29:23 A man's pride shall bring him low: but honor shall uphold the humble in spirit.

Isaiah 57:15 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose …

Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honor the King of heaven, …

Luke 1:51,52 He has showed strength with his arm; he has scattered the proud in …

Luke 14:11 For whoever exalts himself shall be abased; and he that humbles himself …

Luke 18:14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than …

James 4:6 But he gives more grace. Why he said, God resists the proud, but …

1 Peter 5:5 Likewise, you younger, submit yourselves to the elder. Yes, all of …

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