Luke 18:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
To some who were confident of their own righteousness and looked down on everyone else, Jesus told this parable:

New Living Translation
Then Jesus told this story to some who had great confidence in their own righteousness and scorned everyone else:

English Standard Version
He also told this parable to some who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and treated others with contempt:

Berean Study Bible
To some who trusted in their own righteousness and viewed others with contempt, He also told this parable:

Berean Literal Bible
And He also spoke this parable to some trusting in themselves that they are righteous, and despising others:

New American Standard Bible
And He also told this parable to some people who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and viewed others with contempt:

King James Bible
And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He also told this parable to some who trusted in themselves that they were righteous and looked down on everyone else:

International Standard Version
Jesus also told this parable to some people who trusted in themselves, thinking they were righteous, but who looked down on everyone else:

NET Bible
Jesus also told this parable to some who were confident that they were righteous and looked down on everyone else.

New Heart English Bible
He spoke also this parable to certain people who were convinced of their own righteousness, and who despised all others.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he told this parable against those men who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and they held contempt for everyone:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesus also used this illustration with some who were sure that God approved of them while they looked down on everyone else.

New American Standard 1977
And He also told this parable to certain ones who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and viewed others with contempt:

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he spoke this parable unto some who trusted in themselves that they were righteous and despised others:

King James 2000 Bible
And he spoke this parable unto certain who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others:

American King James Version
And he spoke this parable to certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others:

American Standard Version
And he spake also this parable unto certain who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and set all others at nought:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And to some who trusted in themselves as just, and despised others, he spoke also this parable:

Darby Bible Translation
And he spoke also to some, who trusted in themselves that they were righteous and made nothing of all the rest [of men], this parable:

English Revised Version
And he spake also this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and set all others at nought:

Webster's Bible Translation
And he spoke this parable to certain who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others:

Weymouth New Testament
And to some who relied on themselves as being righteous men, and looked down upon all others, He addressed this parable.

World English Bible
He spoke also this parable to certain people who were convinced of their own righteousness, and who despised all others.

Young's Literal Translation
And he spake also unto certain who have been trusting in themselves that they were righteous, and have been despising the rest, this simile:
Study Bible
The Pharisee and Tax Collector
8I tell you, He will promptly carry out justice on their behalf. Nevertheless, when the Son of Man comes, will He find faith on earth?” 9To some who trusted in their own righteousness and viewed others with contempt, He also told this parable: 10“Two men went up to the temple to pray. One was a Pharisee and the other a tax collector.…
Cross References
Isaiah 65:5
"Who say, 'Keep to yourself, do not come near me, For I am holier than you!' These are smoke in My nostrils, A fire that burns all the day.

Luke 16:15
So He said to them, "You are the ones who justify yourselves before men, but God knows your hearts. For what is prized among men is detestable before God.

Romans 14:3
The one who eats everything must not belittle the one who does not, and the one who does not eat everything must not judge the one who does, for God has accepted him.

Romans 14:10
Why, then, do you judge your brother? Or why do you belittle your brother? For we will all stand before God's judgment seat.
Treasury of Scripture

And he spoke this parable to certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others:

which.

Luke 10:29 But he, willing to justify himself, said to Jesus, And who is my neighbor?

Luke 15:29 And he answering said to his father, See, these many years do I serve …

Luke 16:15 And he said to them, You are they which justify yourselves before …

Proverbs 30:12 There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet is …

Isaiah 65:5 Which say, Stand by yourself, come not near to me; for I am holier …

Isaiah 66:5 Hear the word of the LORD, you that tremble at his word; Your brothers …

John 9:28,34 Then they reviled him, and said, You are his disciple; but we are …

Romans 7:9 For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, …

Romans 9:31,32 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, has not …

Romans 10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to …

Philippians 3:4-6 Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man …

that they were righteous. or, as being righteous. and despised.

Luke 18:11 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank you, …

Luke 7:39 Now when the Pharisee which had bidden him saw it, he spoke within …

Luke 15:2,30 And the Pharisees and scribes murmured, saying, This man receives …

Luke 19:7 And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying, That he was gone …

John 7:47-49 Then answered them the Pharisees, Are you also deceived…

John 8:48 Then answered the Jews, and said to him, Say we not well that you …

Acts 22:21 And he said to me, Depart: for I will send you far hence to the Gentiles.

Romans 14:10 But why do you judge your brother? or why do you set at nothing your brother?…

(9) Unto certain which trusted in themselves . . .--Here, as above, the purpose of the parable is stated at the outset. It is, perhaps, open for us to think that isolated fragments of our Lord's teaching, treasured up here and there in the memory of disciples, and written down in answer to St. Luke's inquiries in the second stage of the growth of the Gospel records, would be likely to have such an introduction.

The "certain which trusted" are not specified as being actually Pharisees, and included, we may believe, disciples in whom the Pharisee temper was gaining the mastery, and who needed to be taught as by a reductio ad absurdum, what it naturally led to.

Despised others.--Literally, the rest--viz., all others. The word for "despise," literally, count as nothing, is again one of those which St. Luke has, and the other Evangelists have not (that in Mark 9:12 differs in form), but which is frequent in the vocabulary of St. Paul (Romans 14:3; Romans 14:10; 1Corinthians 16:11, et al.). This universal depreciation of others would seem almost an exaggeration, if experience did not show--e.g., as in the history of Montanism and analogous forms of error--how easily men and women, religious societies and orders, drift into it, and how hard it is to set any limits to the monomania of egotism--above all, of religious egotism. It never uttered itself, perhaps, in a more repulsive form than when the Pharisees came to speak of the great mass of their brother-Israelites as the brute people, the "people of the earth."

Verse 9. - And he spake this parable. With this parable, "the Pharisee and the publican," St. Luke concludes his memories of the last journeyings toward Jerusalem. The incidents which directly follow took place close to Jerusalem; and here St. Luke's narrative rejoins that of SS. Matthew and Mark. No note of time or place assists us in defining exactly the period when the Master spoke this teaching; some time, however, in these last journeyings, that is, in the closing months of the public ministry, the parable in question was certainly spoken. And he spake this parable unto certain,.... Or with respect to certain men; having a view to them, in order to expose their pride, vanity, arrogance, and self confidence:

which trusted in themselves that they were righteous; or, as if they were righteous; or because they were so in their own eyes, and in the esteem of others: the ground of their trust and confidence were themselves, their hearts, and the supposed goodness of them, their outward holiness, their moral behaviour, their duties, and good works, their almsdeeds, and religious exercises, their ceremonial observances, and fleshly privileges; on account of which they thought themselves very righteous persons, such as could not fail of being accepted with God, and justified in his sight; whereas there are none righteous in, and of themselves, no, not one. All the descendants of Adam, as such, are sinners, destitute of a righteousness, and filled with all unrighteousness, and are enemies to true righteousness: no man is naturally righteous, nor is he capable of making himself so, by any thing he can do: none are righteous by their obedience to the law of works, for that is imperfect, and cannot justify before God, in whose sight no flesh living can be justified on this account, however righteous they may appear before men, or may be in their own eyes: for this is contrary to God's way of making men righteous, and would disannul the death of Christ, and encourage boasting in men. Such trust and confidence must be very vain, and arise from ignorance; from ignorance of God, of the perfection of his justice, and of the nature of his righteous law; and of themselves, of the impurity of their hearts, and the imperfection of their obedience. These were of the "pharisaical" sort, and of which complexion were the generality of the Jews; and many of these were now standing by Christ, and within the hearing of this parable, and for whose sake it was delivered:

and despised others; or, "every man", as the Syriac and Persic versions read; all the rest of mankind, all but themselves; they made nothing of them, had them in no account; treated them as persons unworthy of the regard of God, and not fit to stand near them, or to be named with them. Lu 18:9-14. Parable of the Pharisee and the Publican.18:9-14 This parable was to convince some who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others. God sees with what disposition and design we come to him in holy ordinances. What the Pharisee said, shows that he trusted to himself that he was righteous. We may suppose he was free from gross and scandalous sins. All this was very well and commendable. Miserable is the condition of those who come short of the righteousness of this Pharisee, yet he was not accepted; and why not? He went up to the temple to pray, but was full of himself and his own goodness; the favour and grace of God he did not think worth asking. Let us beware of presenting proud devotions to the Lord, and of despising others. The publican's address to God was full of humility, and of repentance for sin, and desire toward God. His prayer was short, but to the purpose; God be merciful to me a sinner. Blessed be God, that we have this short prayer upon record, as an answered prayer; and that we are sure that he who prayed it, went to his house justified; for so shall we be, if we pray it, as he did, through Jesus Christ. He owned himself a sinner by nature, by practice, guilty before God. He had no dependence but upon the mercy of God; upon that alone he relied. And God's glory is to resist the proud, and give grace to the humble. Justification is of God in Christ; therefore the self-condemned, and not the self-righteous, are justified before God.
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