Luke 10:29
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But he wanted to justify himself, so he asked Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?"

New Living Translation
The man wanted to justify his actions, so he asked Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?"

English Standard Version
But he, desiring to justify himself, said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”

New American Standard Bible
But wishing to justify himself, he said to Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?"

King James Bible
But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But wanting to justify himself, he asked Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?"

International Standard Version
But the man wanted to justify himself, so he asked Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?"

NET Bible
But the expert, wanting to justify himself, said to Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?"

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But as he wanted to justify himself, he said to him, “And who is my neighbor?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But the man wanted to justify his question. So he asked Jesus, "Who is my neighbor?"

Jubilee Bible 2000
But he, desiring to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?

King James 2000 Bible
But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbor?

American King James Version
But he, willing to justify himself, said to Jesus, And who is my neighbor?

American Standard Version
But he, desiring to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbor?

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he willing to justify himself, said to Jesus: And who is my neighbour?

Darby Bible Translation
But he, desirous of justifying himself, said to Jesus, And who is my neighbour?

English Revised Version
But he, desiring to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?

Webster's Bible Translation
But he, willing to justify himself, said to Jesus, And who is my neighbor?

Weymouth New Testament
But he, desiring to justify himself, said, "But what is meant by my 'fellow man'?"

World English Bible
But he, desiring to justify himself, asked Jesus, "Who is my neighbor?"

Young's Literal Translation
And he, willing to declare himself righteous, said unto Jesus, 'And who is my neighbour?'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:25-37 If we speak of eternal life, and the way to it, in a careless manner, we take the name of God in vain. No one will ever love God and his neighbour with any measure of pure, spiritual love, who is not made a partaker of converting grace. But the proud heart of man strives hard against these convictions. Christ gave an instance of a poor Jew in distress, relieved by a good Samaritan. This poor man fell among thieves, who left him about to die of his wounds. He was slighted by those who should have been his friends, and was cared for by a stranger, a Samaritan, of the nation which the Jews most despised and detested, and would have no dealings with. It is lamentable to observe how selfishness governs all ranks; how many excuses men will make to avoid trouble or expense in relieving others. But the true Christian has the law of love written in his heart. The Spirit of Christ dwells in him; Christ's image is renewed in his soul. The parable is a beautiful explanation of the law of loving our neighbour as ourselves, without regard to nation, party, or any other distinction. It also sets forth the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward sinful, miserable men. We were like this poor, distressed traveller. Satan, our enemy, has robbed us, and wounded us: such is the mischief sin has done us. The blessed Jesus had compassion on us. The believer considers that Jesus loved him, and gave his life for him, when an enemy and a rebel; and having shown him mercy, he bids him go and do likewise. It is the duty of us all , in our places, and according to our ability, to succour, help, and relieve all that are in distress and necessity.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 29. - And who is my neighbour? The self-righteous, but probably rigidly conscientious, Jewish scholar, looking into the clear, truthful eyes of the Galilaean Master he had been taught to hate as the enemy of his own narrow, lightless creed, was struck, perhaps for the first time, with the moral beauty of the words of his own Law. Of the first part, his duty towards God, as far as his poor distorted mind could grasp the idea, he was at ease in his conscience. The tithe, down to the anise and cummin, had been scrupulously paid; his fasts had been rigidly observed, his feasts carefully kept, his prayer-formulas never neglected. Yes; as regards God, the Pharisee-lawyer's conscience was at ease! But his neighbour? He thought of his conduct towards that simple, truthful-looking Galilaean Rabbi, Jesus, that very day; trying to trip him up in his words, longing to do him injury - injury to that worn-looking, loving Man who had never done him any harm, and who, report said, was only living to do others good. Was he, perchance, his neighbour? So, vexed and uneasy - but it seems in perfect honesty now, and in good faith - he asks this further question, "Master, tell me, who do you teach should be included in the term 'neighbour'?"

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But he willing to justify himself,.... Upon the foot of his own righteousness, and to make himself appear to be righteous to others; for this the Jews thought themselves able to do, both to justify themselves before God by their own works, and make it out to men, that they were truly righteous persons; and it is a maxim with them, that

"every one that justifies himself, below (on earth), they justify him above (or in heaven) (k).''

No wonder then that this man was desirous of justifying himself; and in order to which

he said, and who is my neighbour? he takes no notice of God, and love to him, as coming into the account of his justification, only of his neighbour; thinking when this question was answered, he should be very able to make it out, that he was not wanting neither in doing justice between himself and his neighbour, nor in showing kindness and beneficence to him; for by his neighbour he meant only an Israelite; one of the same nation and religion with him. So the Jews commonly interpret the word neighbour, either of one that is related to them in nature, that is, near akin to them in blood (l); or that professes the same religion as they do, and whom they call a neighbour in the law; and so they explain the passage now cited, "and thou shall love thy neighbour as thyself", ; "that is, who is thy neighbour in the law" (m): for they will not allow a Gentile, no, not even a proselyte of the gate to be a neighbour: for thus they say (n),

"an Israelite that slays a proselyte of the gate, or the stranger that dwells with him, is not slain for him by the sanhedrim; for it is said, Exodus 21:14 but if a man comes presumptuously upon his neighbour to slay him, &c. and there is no need to say he is not slain for a Gentile.''

And again (o),

"when a man sees one of them (the Gentiles) fall into the sea, he need not take him up; as it is said, Leviticus 19:16 "neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour", "but this is not thy neighbour."''

This notion Christ opposes and disproves in the following parable, which is an answer to the lawyer's question.

(k) T. Bab. Tasnith, fol. 8. 1.((l) Kimchi in Psal. xv. 3.((m) Moses Kotsensis Mitzvot Tora, pr. affirm. 9. (n) Maimon. Hilch. Rotzeach, c. 2. sect. 11. (o) Ib. c. 4. sect. 11.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

29. willing—"wishing," to get himself out of the difficulty, by throwing on Jesus the definition of "neighbor," which the Jews interpreted very narrowly and technically, as excluding Samaritans and Gentiles [Alford].

Luke 10:29 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Parable of the Good Samaritan
28And He said to him, "You have answered correctly; DO THIS AND YOU WILL LIVE." 29But wishing to justify himself, he said to Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?" 30Jesus replied and said, "A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, and they stripped him and beat him, and went away leaving him half dead.…
Cross References
Mark 8:34
Then he called the crowd to him along with his disciples and said: "Whoever wants to be my disciple must deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me.

Luke 16:15
He said to them, "You are the ones who justify yourselves in the eyes of others, but God knows your hearts. What people value highly is detestable in God's sight.
Treasury of Scripture

But he, willing to justify himself, said to Jesus, And who is my neighbor?

willing.

Luke 16:15 And he said to them, You are they which justify yourselves before …

Luke 18:9-11 And he spoke this parable to certain which trusted in themselves …

Leviticus 19:34 But the stranger that dwells with you shall be to you as one born …

Job 32:2 Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, …

Romans 4:2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he has whereof to glory; …

Romans 10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to …

Galatians 3:11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is …

James 2:24 You see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.

And.

Luke 10:36 Which now of these three, think you, was neighbor to him that fell …

Matthew 5:43,44 You have heard that it has been said, You shall love your neighbor, …

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