Matthew 22:35
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
One of them, an expert in the law, tested him with this question:

New Living Translation
One of them, an expert in religious law, tried to trap him with this question:

English Standard Version
And one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question to test him.

Berean Study Bible
One of them, an expert in the law, tested Him with a question:

Berean Literal Bible
And one of them, a lawyer, questioned Him, testing Him,

New American Standard Bible
One of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him,

King James Bible
Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And one of them, an expert in the law, asked a question to test Him:"

International Standard Version
One of them, an expert in the Law, tested him by asking,

NET Bible
And one of them, an expert in religious law, asked him a question to test him:

New Heart English Bible
One of them, a Law scholar, asked him a question, testing him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And one of them who knew The Written Law asked him while testing him:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
One of them, an expert in Moses' Teachings, tested Jesus by asking,

New American Standard 1977
And one of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And one of them, who was an interpreter of the law, asked him a question, tempting him and saying,

King James 2000 Bible
Then one of them, who was a lawyer, asked him a question, testing him, and saying,

American King James Version
Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying,

American Standard Version
And one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question, trying him:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And one of them, a doctor of the law, asking him, tempting him:

Darby Bible Translation
And one of them, a lawyer, demanded, tempting him, and saying,

English Revised Version
And one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him,

Webster's Bible Translation
Then one of them who was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying,

Weymouth New Testament
and one of them, an expounder of the Law, asked Him as a test question,

World English Bible
One of them, a lawyer, asked him a question, testing him.

Young's Literal Translation
and one of them, a lawyer, did question, tempting him, and saying,
Study Bible
The Greatest Commandment
34And when the Pharisees heard that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, they themselves gathered together. 35One of them, an expert in the law, tested Him with a question: 36“Teacher, which commandment is the greatest in the Law?”…
Cross References
Matthew 22:36
"Teacher, which commandment is the greatest in the Law?"

Luke 7:30
But the Pharisees and experts in the law rejected God's purpose for themselves, because they had not been baptized by John.

Luke 10:25
One day an expert in the law stood up to test Him. "Teacher," he asked, "what must I do to inherit eternal life?"

Luke 11:45
One of the experts in the law told Him, "Teacher, when You say these things, You insult us as well."

Luke 11:46
"Woe to you as well, experts in the law!" He replied. "You weigh men down with heavy burdens, but you yourselves will not lift a finger to lighten their load.

Luke 11:52
Woe to you experts in the law! For you have taken away the key to knowledge. You yourselves have not entered, and you have hindered those who were entering."

Luke 14:3
So Jesus asked the experts in the law and the Pharisees, "Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath or not?"

John 8:6
They said this to test Him, in order to have a basis for accusing Him. But Jesus bent down and began to write on the ground with His finger.

Titus 3:13
Do your best to equip Zenas the lawyer and Apollos, so that they will have everything they need.
Treasury of Scripture

Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying,

a lawyer.

Luke 7:30 But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against …

Luke 10:25 And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, …

Luke 11:45,46,52 Then answered one of the lawyers, and said to him, Master, thus saying …

Luke 14:3 And Jesus answering spoke to the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is …

Titus 3:13 Bring Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their journey diligently, that …

tempting.

Matthew 22:18 But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt you me, …

Mark 10:2 And the Pharisees came to him, and asked him, Is it lawful for a …

(35) A lawyer.--The precise distinction between the "lawyer" and the other scribes rested, probably, on technicalities that have left little or no trace behind them. The word suggests the thought of a section of the scribes who confined their attention to the Law, while the others included in their studies the writings of the Prophets also. In Luke 7:30; Luke 11:45, they appear as distinct from the Pharisees. The question asked by the "lawyer" here and in Luke 10:25 falls in with this view. So it would seem, in Titus 3:13, that Zenas the "lawyer" was sent for to settle the strivings about the Law that prevailed in Crete.

Tempting him.--There does not appear to have been in this instance any hostile purpose in the mind of the questioner; nor does the word necessarily imply it. (Comp. John 6:6; 2Corinthians 13:5, where it is used in the sense of "trying," "examining.") It would seem, indeed, as if our Lord's refutation of the Sadducees had drawn out a certain measure of sympathy and reverence from those whose minds were not hardened in hypocrisy. They came now to test His teaching on other points. What answer would He give to the much-debated question of the schools, as to which was the great commandment of the Law? Would He fix on circumcision, or the Sabbath, or tithes, or sacrifice, as that which held the place of pre-eminence? The fact that they thus, as it were, examined Him as if they were His judges, showed an utterly imperfect recognition of His claims as a Prophet and as the Christ; but the "lawyer" who appeared as their representative was, at least, honest in his purpose, and "not far from the kingdom of God" (Mark 12:34).

Verse 35. - A lawyer; νομικός, called by St. Mark "a scribe" - a term of wider signification, which would include "lawyers." Vulgate, legis doctor, which gives the right sense; for such were teachers and expounders of the Mosaic Law. This man was put forth by the Pharisees as an expert, who would not be so easily discomfited as the Sadducees had been. Tempting him. Trying him (comp. 1 Kings 10:1); putting him to the test, not altogether maliciously, but partly from curiosity, and partly from a desire to hear Christ's opinion on a much disputed point. It is evident, from St. Mark's account, that Christ was pleased with him personally, for he said to him, "Thou art not far from the kingdom of God." Those who put this lawyer forward had, of course, sinister motives, and hoped to make capital from Christ's answer; but the man himself seems to have been straightforward and honest. We have had the terra "tempting" used in a hostile sense (Matthew 16:1; Matthew 19:3), but there is no necessity for so taking it; and it seems to imply here merely the renewal of the attack on Christ. Then one of them, which was a lawyer,.... Or that was "learned", or "skilful in the law", as the Syriac and Persic versions, and Munster's Hebrew Gospel read. The Ethiopic version calls him, "a Scribe of the city", of the city of Jerusalem; but I do not meet with any such particular officer, or any such office peculiar to a single man any where: mention is made of "the Scribes of the people" in Matthew 2:4 and this man was one of them, one that interpreted the law to the people, either in the schools, or in the synagogues, or both; and Mark expressly calls him a "Scribe": and so the Arabic version renders the word here; and from hence it may be concluded that the lawyers and Scribes were the same sort of persons. This man was by sect a Pharisee, and by his office a Scribe; or interpreter of the law, and suitable to his office and character,

asked him a question, tempting him, and saying: he put a difficult and knotty question to him, and thereby making a trial of his knowledge and understanding of the law; and laying a snare for him, to entrap him if he could, and expose him to the people, as a very ignorant man: and delivered it in the following form. 22:34-40 An interpreter of the law asked our Lord a question, to try, not so much his knowledge, as his judgment. The love of God is the first and great commandment, and the sum of all the commands of the first table. Our love of God must be sincere, not in word and tongue only. All our love is too little to bestow upon him, therefore all the powers of the soul must be engaged for him, and carried out toward him. To love our neighbour as ourselves, is the second great commandment. There is a self-love which is corrupt, and the root of the greatest sins, and it must be put off and mortified; but there is a self-love which is the rule of the greatest duty: we must have a due concern for the welfare of our own souls and bodies. And we must love our neighbour as truly and sincerely as we love ourselves; in many cases we must deny ourselves for the good of others. By these two commandments let our hearts be formed as by a mould.
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