Matthew 22:24
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Teacher," they said, "Moses told us that if a man dies without having children, his brother must marry the widow and raise up offspring for him.

New Living Translation
"Teacher, Moses said, 'If a man dies without children, his brother should marry the widow and have a child who will carry on the brother's name.'

English Standard Version
saying, “Teacher, Moses said, ‘If a man dies having no children, his brother must marry the widow and raise up offspring for his brother.’

Berean Study Bible
"Teacher," they said, "Moses declared that if a man dies without having children, his brother is to marry the widow and raise up offspring for him.

Berean Literal Bible
saying, "Teacher, Moses said, 'If anyone should die not having children, his brother will marry his wife and will raise up offspring for his brother.'

New American Standard Bible
asking, "Teacher, Moses said, 'IF A MAN DIES HAVING NO CHILDREN, HIS BROTHER AS NEXT OF KIN SHALL MARRY HIS WIFE, AND RAISE UP CHILDREN FOR HIS BROTHER.'

King James Bible
Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Teacher, Moses said, if a man dies, having no children, his brother is to marry his wife and raise up offspring for his brother.

International Standard Version
"Teacher, Moses said, 'If a man dies having no children, his brother must marry the widow and have children for his brother.'

NET Bible
"Teacher, Moses said, 'If a man dies without having children, his brother must marry the widow and father children for his brother.'

New Heart English Bible
saying, "Teacher, Moses said, 'If a man dies, having no children, his brother is to marry his wife, and raise up offspring for his brother.'

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they were saying to him, “Teacher, Moses said to us that if a man dies while he has no sons, his brother may take his wife and raise up seed to his brother.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Teacher, Moses said, 'If a man dies childless, his brother should marry his widow and have children for his brother.'

New American Standard 1977
saying, “Teacher, Moses said, ‘IF A MAN DIES, HAVING NO CHILDREN, HIS BROTHER AS NEXT OF KIN SHALL MARRY HIS WIFE, AND RAISE UP AN OFFSPRING TO HIS BROTHER.’

Jubilee Bible 2000
saying, Master, Moses said, If a man dies, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife and raise up seed unto his brother.

King James 2000 Bible
Saying, Teacher, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up children unto his brother.

American King James Version
Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed to his brother.

American Standard Version
saying, Teacher, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Saying: Master, Moses said: If a man die having no son, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up issue to his brother.

Darby Bible Translation
saying, Teacher, Moses said, If any one die, not having children, his brother shall marry his wife and shall raise up seed to his brother.

English Revised Version
saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.

Webster's Bible Translation
Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man shall die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed to his brother.

Weymouth New Testament
"Teacher," they said, "Moses enjoined, 'If a man die childless, his brother shall marry his widow, and raise up a family for him.'

World English Bible
saying, "Teacher, Moses said, 'If a man dies, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed for his brother.'

Young's Literal Translation
'Teacher, Moses said, If any one may die not having children, his brother shall marry his wife, and shall raise up seed to his brother.
Study Bible
The Sadducees and the Resurrection
23That same day the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Jesus and questioned Him. 24“Teacher, they said, “Moses declared that if a man dies without having children, his brother is to marry the widow and raise up offspring for him.’ 25Now there were seven brothers among us. The first one married and died without having children. So he left his wife to his brother.…
Cross References
Genesis 38:8
Then Judah said to Onan, "Go in to your brother's wife, and perform your duty as a brother-in-law to her, and raise up offspring for your brother."

Deuteronomy 25:5
"When brothers live together and one of them dies and has no son, the wife of the deceased shall not be married outside the family to a strange man. Her husband's brother shall go in to her and take her to himself as wife and perform the duty of a husband's brother to her.

Ruth 3:13
"Remain this night, and when morning comes, if he will redeem you, good; let him redeem you. But if he does not wish to redeem you, then I will redeem you, as the LORD lives. Lie down until morning."

Ruth 4:5
Then Boaz said, "On the day you buy the field from the hand of Naomi, you must also acquire Ruth the Moabitess, the widow of the deceased, in order to raise up the name of the deceased on his inheritance."

Matthew 22:25
Now there were seven brothers among us. The first one married and died without having children. So he left his wife to his brother.
Treasury of Scripture

Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed to his brother.

Master.

Matthew 22:16,36 And they sent out to him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, …

Matthew 7:21 Not every one that said to me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom …

Luke 6:46 And why call you me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?

Moses.

Genesis 38:8,11 And Judah said to Onan, Go in to your brother's wife, and marry her, …

Deuteronomy 25:5-10 If brothers dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, …

Ruth 1:11 And Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters: why will you go with me? …

Mark 12:19 Master, Moses wrote to us, If a man's brother die, and leave his …

Luke 20:28 Saying, Master, Moses wrote to us, If any man's brother die, having …

Verse 24. - Moses said. They quote the substance of the law of the levirate (i.e. the brother-in-law) in Deuteronomy 25:5, 6, by which it was enacted that if a married man died without a son, his brother or the next of kin should marry the widow, and the firstborn son of this union should be regarded and registered as the son of the deceased. This was a law not peculiar to the Hebrews, but prevalent from immemorial times among many ancient peoples, e.g. Persians, Egyptians, and found in force among some nations in modern times, as Arabians, Druses, Cireassians, etc. It seems not to have been enforced in any case, but to have been left to the good will of the survivor, who might escape the obligation by submitting to a certain social obloquy (Deuteronomy 25:7-10). The motive of the regulation was the maintenance of a family and the non-alienation of property. Many authorities assert that the law did not apply in the case of a man who left daughters (Numbers 27:8), but only in that of a childless widow. Later rabbinism limited the obligation to a betrothed woman, not yet actually married. But whatever may have been the limitations allowed in these days, the question of the Sadducees took its stand on the old legal basis, and endeavoured to draw therefrom a ridiculous inference. Shall marry; ἐπιγαμβρεύσει. The verb, found in the Septuagint, is used properly signifying "to take a woman to wife as the husband's kinsman" (γαμβρός), and generally, "to contract affinity by marriage." Raise up seed. The firstborn son of such a marriage was the legal heir of the deceased brother, and bore his name. The natural and the legal paternities are seen in the genealogies of our Lord, and occasion some difficulties in adjustment. Saying, master,.... Rabbi, or doctor, as he was usually called;

Moses said, in Deuteronomy 25:5

if a man die having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother; which, though not expressed in the self same words, yet is the sense of the passage referred to, and was a practice in use before the times of Moses, as appears from the case of Er and Onan; the design of which was, to preserve families, and keep their inheritances distinct and entire. This law only took place, when a man died without children; for if he left any children, there was no need for his brother to marry his wife; yea, as a Jewish writer observes (x), she was forbidden, it was not lawful for him to marry her, and was the case if he had children of either sex, or even grandchildren: for as another of their commentators notes (y), his having no child, regards a son or a daughter, or a son's son, or a daughter's son, or a daughter's daughter; and it was the eldest of the brethren, or he that was next in years to the deceased, that was obliged by this law (z), though not if he had a wife of his own; and accordingly in the following case proposed, each of the brethren married the eldest brother's wife in their turn, according to the course of seniority; and by this law, the first child that was born after such marriage, was reckoned the seed of the deceased, and was heir to his inheritance. The Jews in their Misna, or oral law, have a whole tract on this subject, called Yebamot, which contains various rules and directions, for the right observance of this law.

(x) Aben Ezra in Deuteronomy 25.5. (y) Jarchi in ib. Vid. Maimon. Hilch. Yebum, c. 1. sect. 3.((z) Jarchi in Deuteronomy 25.5. Misn. Yebamot, c. 2. sect. 8. & 4, 5. Maimon. Hilch. Yebum, c. 2. sect. 6. 22:23-33 The doctrines of Christ displeased the infidel Sadducees, as well as the Pharisees and Herodians. He carried the great truths of the resurrection and a future state, further than they had yet been reveled. There is no arguing from the state of things in this world, as to what will take place hereafter. Let truth be set in a clear light, and it appears in full strength. Having thus silenced them, our Lord proceeded to show the truth of the doctrine of the resurrection from the books of Moses. God declared to Moses that he was the God of the patriarchs, who had died long before; this shows that they were then in a state of being, capable of enjoying his favour, and proves that the doctrine of the resurrection is clearly taught in the Old Testament as well as in the New. But this doctrine was kept for a more full revelation, after the resurrection of Christ, who was the first-fruits of them that slept. All errors arise from not knowing the Scriptures and the power of God. In this world death takes away one after another, and so ends all earthly hopes, joys, sorrows, and connexions. How wretched are those who look for nothing better beyond the grave!
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