Job 31:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"If I have denied the desires of the poor or let the eyes of the widow grow weary,

New Living Translation
"Have I refused to help the poor, or crushed the hopes of widows?

English Standard Version
“If I have withheld anything that the poor desired, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,

New American Standard Bible
"If I have kept the poor from their desire, Or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,

King James Bible
If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If I have refused the wishes of the poor or let the widow's eyes go blind,

International Standard Version
"If I refused to grant the desire of the poor or exhausted the eyes of the widow,

NET Bible
If I have refused to give the poor what they desired, or caused the eyes of the widow to fail,

New Heart English Bible
"If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"If I have refused the requests of the poor or made a widow's eyes stop [looking for help],

JPS Tanakh 1917
If I have withheld aught that the poor desired, Or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

New American Standard 1977
“If I have kept the poor from their desire,
            Or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,

Jubilee Bible 2000
If I have disturbed the desire of the poor or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

King James 2000 Bible
If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

American King James Version
If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

American Standard Version
If I have withheld the poor from their desire, Or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,

Douay-Rheims Bible
If I have denied to the poor what they desired, and have made the eyes of the widow wait:

Darby Bible Translation
If I have withheld the poor from [their] desire, or caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

English Revised Version
If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

Webster's Bible Translation
If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

World English Bible
"If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,

Young's Literal Translation
If I withhold from pleasure the poor, And the eyes of the widow do consume,
Study Bible
Job's Final Appeal
15"Did not He who made me in the womb make him, And the same one fashion us in the womb? 16"If I have kept the poor from their desire, Or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail, 17Or have eaten my morsel alone, And the orphan has not shared it…
Cross References
James 1:27
Pure and undefiled religion before our God and Father is this: to care for orphans and widows in their distress, and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world.

Exodus 22:22
"You shall not afflict any widow or orphan.

Job 5:16
"So the helpless has hope, And unrighteousness must shut its mouth.

Job 20:19
"For he has oppressed and forsaken the poor; He has seized a house which he has not built.

Job 22:7
"To the weary you have given no water to drink, And from the hungry you have withheld bread.

Job 22:9
"You have sent widows away empty, And the strength of the orphans has been crushed.

Proverbs 22:22
Do not rob the poor because he is poor, Or crush the afflicted at the gate;

Proverbs 31:20
She extends her hand to the poor, And she stretches out her hands to the needy.

Ezekiel 18:16
or oppress anyone, or retain a pledge, or commit robbery, but he gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing,
Treasury of Scripture

If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

withheld

Job 22:7-9 You have not given water to the weary to drink, and you have withheld …

Deuteronomy 15:7-10 If there be among you a poor man of one of your brothers within any …

Psalm 112:9 He has dispersed, he has given to the poor; his righteousness endures …

Luke 16:21 And desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man's …

Acts 11:29 Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined …

Galatians 2:10 Only they would that we should remember the poor; the same which …

the eyes

Deuteronomy 28:32 Your sons and your daughters shall be given to another people, and …

Psalm 69:3 I am weary of my crying: my throat is dried: my eyes fail while I …

Psalm 119:82,123 My eyes fail for your word, saying, When will you comfort me…

Isaiah 38:14 Like a crane or a swallow, so did I chatter: I did mourn as a dove: …

Lamentations 4:17 As for us, our eyes as yet failed for our vain help: in our watching …

Verse 16. - If I have withheld the poor from their desire. As Eliphaz had maintained (Job 22:6, 7), and as Job had already denied (Job 29:12, 16). The duty of relieving the poor, solemnly enjoined upon the people of Israel in the Law (Deuteronomy 15:7-11), was generally admitted by the civilized nations of antiquity. In Egypt it was especially insisted on. "The Egyptian's duties to mankind," says Dr. Birch, "were comprised in giving bread to the hungry, drink to the thirsty, clothes to the naked, oil to the wounded, and burial to the dead" ('Egypt from the Earliest Times,' p. 46). Or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail. "Thou hast sent widows away empty," was one of the accusations of Eliphaz (Job 22:9). "I caused the widow's heart," replied Job, "to sing for joy" (Job 29:13). The widow's weakness has always been felt to give her a special claim on man's benevolence (see Exodus 22:22; Deuteronomy 14:29; Deuteronomy 16:11, 14; Deuteronomy 24:19; Deuteronomy 26:12, 13; Psalm 146:9; Proverbs 15:25; Isaiah 1:17; Jeremiah 7:6; Malachi 3:5; 1 Timothy 5:16; James 1:27). If I have withheld the poor from their desire,.... Their reasonable desires, and which it was in his power to grant; as when they desired a piece of bread, being hungry, or clothes to cover them, being naked; but not unreasonable desires, seeking and asking great things for themselves, or unlimited and unbounded ones, such as the two sons of Zebedee desired of Christ, Mark 10:35;

or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail; through long waiting for, and expecting help and succour from him, and at last disappointed. Job did not use the widow in such a manner as to give her reason to hope for relief or counsel from him she came for, and make her wait long, and then send her away empty, as he was charged, Job 22:9; but he soon dispatched her, by granting her what she sued to him for. 16. fail—in the vain expectation of relief (Job 11:20).31:16-23 Job's conscience gave testimony concerning his just and charitable behaviour toward the poor. He is most large upon this head, because in this matter he was particularly accused. He was tender of all, and hurtful to none. Notice the principles by which Job was restrained from being uncharitable and unmerciful. He stood in awe of the Lord, as certainly against him, if he should wrong the poor. Regard to worldly interests may restrain a man from actual crimes; but the grace of God alone can make him hate, dread, and shun sinful thoughts and desires.
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