Ezekiel 18:7
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He does not oppress anyone, but returns what he took in pledge for a loan. He does not commit robbery but gives his food to the hungry and provides clothing for the naked.

New Living Translation
He is a merciful creditor, not keeping the items given as security by poor debtors. He does not rob the poor but instead gives food to the hungry and provides clothes for the needy.

English Standard Version
does not oppress anyone, but restores to the debtor his pledge, commits no robbery, gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with a garment,

New American Standard Bible
if a man does not oppress anyone, but restores to the debtor his pledge, does not commit robbery, but gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing,

King James Bible
And hath not oppressed any, but hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He doesn't oppress anyone but returns his collateral to the debtor. He does not commit robbery, but gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing.

International Standard Version
if he doesn't oppress anyone, but instead returns the debtor's security for his debt, if he doesn't rob anyone, but instead shares his food with the hungry and gives clothes to those who are naked,

NET Bible
does not oppress anyone, but gives the debtor back whatever was given in pledge, does not commit robbery, but gives his bread to the hungry and clothes the naked,

New Heart English Bible
and has not wronged any, but has restored to the debtor his pledge, has taken nothing by robbery, has given his bread to the hungry, and has covered the naked with a garment;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He doesn't oppress anyone. He returns what a borrower gives him as security for a loan. He doesn't rob anyone. He gives food to people who are hungry, and he gives clothes to those who are naked.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and hath not wronged any, but hath restored his pledge for a debt, hath taken nought by robbery, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;

New American Standard 1977
if a man does not oppress anyone, but restores to the debtor his pledge, does not commit robbery, but gives his bread to the hungry, and covers the naked with clothing,

Jubilee Bible 2000
neither oppress any, but restores to the debtor his pledge, does not commit robbery, gives his bread to the hungry, and covers the naked with a garment,

King James 2000 Bible
And has not oppressed any, but has restored to the debtor his pledge, has robbed none by violence, has given his bread to the hungry, and has covered the naked with a garment;

American King James Version
And has not oppressed any, but has restored to the debtor his pledge, has spoiled none by violence, has given his bread to the hungry, and has covered the naked with a garment;

American Standard Version
and hath not wronged any, but hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath taken nought by robbery, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And hath not wronged any man: but hath restored the pledge to the debtor, hath taken nothing away by violence: hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment:

Darby Bible Translation
and hath not oppressed any; he hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath not exercised robbery, hath given his bread to the hungry, and covered the naked with a garment;

English Revised Version
and hath not wronged any, but hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;

Webster's Bible Translation
And hath not oppressed any, but hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath stripped none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment:

World English Bible
and has not wronged any, but has restored to the debtor his pledge, has taken nothing by robbery, has given his bread to the hungry, and has covered the naked with a garment;

Young's Literal Translation
A man -- he doth not oppress, His pledge to the debtor he doth return, Plunder he doth not take away, His bread to the hungry he doth give, And the naked doth cover with a garment,
Study Bible
An Old Proverb about Israel
6and does not eat at the mountain shrines or lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, or defile his neighbor's wife or approach a woman during her menstrual period-- 7if a man does not oppress anyone, but restores to the debtor his pledge, does not commit robbery, but gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing, 8if he does not lend money on interest or take increase, if he keeps his hand from iniquity and executes true justice between man and man,…
Cross References
Matthew 25:35
For I was hungry and you gave Me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave Me something to drink, I was a stranger and you took Me in,

Matthew 25:36
I was naked and you clothed Me, I was sick and you looked after Me, I was in prison and you visited Me.'

Luke 3:11
John replied, "Whoever has two tunics should share with him who has none, and whoever has food should do the same."

Leviticus 19:13
You shall not oppress your neighbor, nor rob him. The wages of a hired man are not to remain with you all night until morning.

Deuteronomy 15:11
"For the poor will never cease to be in the land; therefore I command you, saying, 'You shall freely open your hand to your brother, to your needy and poor in your land.'

Deuteronomy 24:13
"When the sun goes down you shall surely return the pledge to him, that he may sleep in his cloak and bless you; and it will be righteousness for you before the LORD your God.

Isaiah 58:7
"Is it not to divide your bread with the hungry And bring the homeless poor into the house; When you see the naked, to cover him; And not to hide yourself from your own flesh?

Ezekiel 16:49
"Behold, this was the guilt of your sister Sodom: she and her daughters had arrogance, abundant food and careless ease, but she did not help the poor and needy.

Ezekiel 18:12
oppresses the poor and needy, commits robbery, does not restore a pledge, but lifts up his eyes to the idols and commits abomination,

Ezekiel 18:16
or oppress anyone, or retain a pledge, or commit robbery, but he gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing,
Treasury of Scripture

And has not oppressed any, but has restored to the debtor his pledge, has spoiled none by violence, has given his bread to the hungry, and has covered the naked with a garment;

hath not

Ezekiel 18:12,16,18 Has oppressed the poor and needy, has spoiled by violence, has not …

Ezekiel 22:12,13,27-29 In you have they taken gifts to shed blood; you have taken usury and increase…

Exodus 22:21-14 You shall neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for you were strangers …

Exodus 23:9 Also you shall not oppress a stranger: for you know the heart of …

Leviticus 19:15 You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: you shall not respect …

Leviticus 25:14 And if you sell ought to your neighbor, or buy ought of your neighbor's …

1 Samuel 12:3,4 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before …

Job 31:13-22 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, …

Proverbs 3:31 Envy you not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways.

Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker: but he that honors …

Proverbs 22:22,23 Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted …

Isaiah 1:4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, …

Job 31:13-22 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, …

Proverbs 3:31 Envy you not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways.

Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker: but he that honors …

Proverbs 22:22,23 Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted …

Isaiah 1:17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the …

Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and …

Isaiah 33:15 He that walks righteously, and speaks uprightly; he that despises …

Isaiah 58:6 Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, …

Jeremiah 7:6,7 If you oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and …

Amos 2:6 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, …

Amos 8:4-6 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor …

Micah 2:1 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when …

Micah 3:2 Who hate the good, and love the evil; who pluck off their skin from …

Zechariah 7:9-11 Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and …

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness …

James 5:1-6 Go to now, you rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall …

hath restored

Exodus 22:26 If you at all take your neighbor's raiment to pledge, you shall deliver …

Deuteronomy 24:12,13,17 And if the man be poor, you shall not sleep with his pledge…

Job 22:6 For you have taken a pledge from your brother for nothing, and stripped …

Job 24:3,9 They drive away the donkey of the fatherless, they take the widow's …

Amos 2:8 And they lay themselves down on clothes laid to pledge by every altar…

hath spoiled

Ezekiel 7:23 Make a chain: for the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city …

Genesis 6:11,12 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence…

Isaiah 59:6,7 Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves …

Jeremiah 22:3,16,17 Thus said the LORD; Execute you judgment and righteousness, and deliver …

Amos 3:10 For they know not to do right, said the LORD, who store up violence …

Amos 5:11,12 For as much therefore as your treading is on the poor, and you take …

Amos 6:3 You that put far away the evil day, and cause the seat of violence to come near;

Zephaniah 1:9 In the same day also will I punish all those that leap on the threshold, …

hath given

Ezekiel 18:16 Neither has oppressed any, has not withheld the pledge, neither has …

Deuteronomy 15:7-11 If there be among you a poor man of one of your brothers within any …

Job 31:16-20 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the …

Psalm 41:1 Blessed is he that considers the poor: the LORD will deliver him …

Psalm 112:4,9 To the upright there rises light in the darkness: he is gracious, …

Proverbs 11:24,25 There is that scatters, and yet increases; and there is that withholds …

Proverbs 28:8,27 He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall …

Isaiah 58:7-11 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the …

Matthew 25:34-46 Then shall the King say to them on his right hand, Come, you blessed …

Luke 3:11 He answers and said to them, He that has two coats, let him impart …

2 Corinthians 8:7-9 Therefore, as you abound in every thing, in faith, and utterance, …

2 Corinthians 9:6-14 But this I say, He which sows sparingly shall reap also sparingly; …

James 2:13-17 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that has showed no mercy; …

1 John 3:16-19 Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life …

(7) To the debtor his pledge.--In the simple state of early Hebrew society borrowing was resorted to only by the very poor, and the law abounds in precepts against any oppression or taking advantage in such cases (Exodus 22:25-27; Leviticus 25:14; Leviticus 25:17, &c). Especial provision was made for restoring in a considerate way a pledge for borrowed money (Exodus 22:26; Deuteronomy 24:6; Deuteronomy 24:10, &c).

Given his bread.--In addition to the negative duties mentioned, were also the positive ones of feeding the hungry and clothing the naked; and it is to be remembered that these duties, and general helpfulness to those who need our help, are not left optional in Scripture, but are positively required, both in the Old and the New Testament, and their neglect is sin. (See Deuteronomy 22:1-4; Job 31:16-22; Isaiah 58:5; Isaiah 58:7; Matthew 25:34-46; James 1:27; James 2:15-16).

Verse 7. - Hath restored to the debtor his pledge. The law, found in Exodus 22.25 and Deuteronomy 24:6, 13, was a striking instance of the considerateness of the Mosaic Law. The garment which the debtor had pledged as a security was to be restored to him at night. Such a law implied, of course, the return of the pledge in the morning. It was probably often used by the debtor for his own fraudulent advantage, and it was a natural consequence that the creditor should be tempted to evade compliance with it. The excellence of the man whom Ezekiel describes was that he resisted the temptation. Hath spoiled none by violence. Comp. Leviticus 6:1-5, which Ezekiel probably had specially in view. The sin, common enough at all times (1 Samuel 12:3), would seem to have been specially characteristic of the time in which Ezekiel lived, from the king downwards (Jeremiah 22:13). As contrasted with the sin, there was the virtue of generous almsgiving (Isaiah 58:5-7). And hath not oppressed any,.... By fraud or force, particularly the poor, to the great grief and hurt of them:

but hath restored to the debtor his pledge; which was pawned; not embezzling it, or keeping it beyond the time fixed by the law of God, Deuteronomy 24:12;

hath spoiled none by violence; has not committed theft and robbery, or done injury to any man's person and property:

hath given his bread to the hungry; which was his own; what he had laboured for, and come by honestly, and so had a right to dispose of; and being merciful, as well as just, eats not his morsel alone, but distributes it to the poor and hungry, Isaiah 58:7;

and hath covered the naked with a garment; as Job did, as well as the former, and for which Dorcas is commended, Job 31:17. 7. restored … pledge—that which the poor debtor absolutely needed; as his raiment, which the creditor was bound to restore before sunset (Ex 22:26, 27), and his millstone, which was needed for preparing his food (De 24:6, 10-13).

bread to … hungry … covered … naked—(Isa 58:7; Mt 25:35, 36). After duties of justice come those of benevolence. It is not enough to refrain from doing a wrong to our neighbor, we must also do him good. The bread owned by a man, though "his," is given to him, not to keep to himself, but to impart to the needy.18:1-20 The soul that sinneth it shall die. As to eternity, every man was, is, and will be dealt with, as his conduct shows him to have been under the old covenant of works, or the new covenant of grace. Whatever outward sufferings come upon men through the sins of others, they deserve for their own sins all they suffer; and the Lord overrules every event for the eternal good of believers. All souls are in the hand of the great Creator: he will deal with them in justice or mercy; nor will any perish for the sins of another, who is not in some sense worthy of death for his own. We all have sinned, and our souls must be lost, if God deal with us according to his holy law; but we are invited to come to Christ. If a man who had shown his faith by his works, had a wicked son, whose character and conduct were the reverse of his parent's, could it be expected he should escape the Divine vengeance on account of his father's piety? Surely not. And should a wicked man have a son who walked before God as righteous, this man would not perish for his father's sins. If the son was not free from evils in this life, still he should be partaker of salvation. The question here is not about the meritorious ground of justification, but about the Lord's dealings with the righteous and the wicked.
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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 18:7 And has not wronged any but has (Ezek. Eze Ezk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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