Ezekiel 18:8
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He does not lend to them at interest or take a profit from them. He withholds his hand from doing wrong and judges fairly between two parties.

New Living Translation
He grants loans without interest, stays away from injustice, is honest and fair when judging others,

English Standard Version
does not lend at interest or take any profit, withholds his hand from injustice, executes true justice between man and man,

New American Standard Bible
if he does not lend money on interest or take increase, if he keeps his hand from iniquity and executes true justice between man and man,

King James Bible
He that hath not given forth upon usury, neither hath taken any increase, that hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, hath executed true judgment between man and man,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He doesn't lend at interest or for profit but keeps his hand from wrongdoing and carries out true justice between men.

International Standard Version
if he doesn't lend with usury or exact interest, but instead refuses to participate in what is unjust, if he administers true justice between people,

NET Bible
does not engage in usury or charge interest, but refrains from wrongdoing, promotes true justice between men,

New Heart English Bible
he who has not given forth on interest, neither has taken any increase, who has withdrawn his hand from iniquity, has executed true justice between man and man,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He doesn't lend money for interest or make an excessive profit. He refuses to do evil things, and he judges everyone fairly.

JPS Tanakh 1917
he that hath not given forth upon interest, neither hath taken any increase, that hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, hath executed true justice between man and man,

New American Standard 1977
if he does not lend money on interest or take increase, if he keeps his hand from iniquity, and executes true justice between man and man,

Jubilee Bible 2000
neither lends at interest, neither takes any increase, withdraws his hand from iniquity, executes true judgment between man and man,

King James 2000 Bible
He that has not lent money for interest, neither has taken any increase, that has withdrawn his hand from iniquity, has executed true justice between man and man,

American King James Version
He that has not given forth on usury, neither has taken any increase, that has withdrawn his hand from iniquity, has executed true judgment between man and man,

American Standard Version
he that hath not given forth upon interest, neither hath taken any increase, that hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, hath executed true justice between man and man,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Hath not lent upon usury, nor taken any increase: hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, and hath executed true judgment between man and man:

Darby Bible Translation
he hath not given forth upon usury, nor taken increase; he hath withdrawn his hand from unrighteousness, hath executed true judgment between man and man,

English Revised Version
he that hath not given forth upon usury, neither hath taken any increase, that hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, hath executed true judgment between man and man,

Webster's Bible Translation
He that hath not given forth upon interest, neither hath taken any increase, that hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, hath executed true judgment between man and man,

World English Bible
he who has not given forth on interest, neither has taken any increase, who has withdrawn his hand from iniquity, has executed true justice between man and man,

Young's Literal Translation
In usury he doth not give, and increase taketh not, From perversity he turneth back his hand, True judgment he doth between man and man.
Study Bible
An Old Proverb about Israel
7if a man does not oppress anyone, but restores to the debtor his pledge, does not commit robbery, but gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing, 8if he does not lend money on interest or take increase, if he keeps his hand from iniquity and executes true~ justice between man and man, 9if he walks in My statutes and My ordinances so as to deal faithfully-- he is righteous and will surely live," declares the Lord GOD.…
Cross References
Exodus 22:25
"If you lend money to My people, to the poor among you, you are not to act as a creditor to him; you shall not charge him interest.

Leviticus 25:36
'Do not take usurious interest from him, but revere your God, that your countryman may live with you.

Deuteronomy 23:19
"You shall not charge interest to your countrymen: interest on money, food, or anything that may be loaned at interest.

Deuteronomy 23:20
"You may charge interest to a foreigner, but to your countrymen you shall not charge interest, so that the LORD your God may bless you in all that you undertake in the land which you are about to enter to possess.

Psalm 15:5
He does not put out his money at interest, Nor does he take a bribe against the innocent. He who does these things will never be shaken.

Ezekiel 11:12
"Thus you will know that I am the LORD; for you have not walked in My statutes nor have you executed My ordinances, but have acted according to the ordinances of the nations around you."'"

Zechariah 7:9
"Thus has the LORD of hosts said, 'Dispense true justice and practice kindness and compassion each to his brother;

Zechariah 8:16
'These are the things which you should do: speak the truth to one another; judge with truth and judgment for peace in your gates.
Treasury of Scripture

He that has not given forth on usury, neither has taken any increase, that has withdrawn his hand from iniquity, has executed true judgment between man and man,

hath not

Ezekiel 18:13,17 Has given forth on usury, and has taken increase: shall he then live? …

Ezekiel 22:12 In you have they taken gifts to shed blood; you have taken usury and increase…

Exodus 22:25 If you lend money to any of my people that is poor by you, you shall …

Leviticus 25:35-37 And if your brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with you; …

Deuteronomy 23:19,20 You shall not lend on usury to your brother; usury of money, usury …

Nehemiah 5:1-11 And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against …

Psalm 15:5 He that puts not out his money to usury, nor takes reward against …

Proverbs 28:8 He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall …

Jeremiah 15:10 Woe is me, my mother, that you have borne me a man of strife and …

hath withdrawn

2 Samuel 22:24 I was also upright before him, and have kept myself from my iniquity.

Nehemiah 5:15 But the former governors that had been before me were chargeable …

Isaiah 33:15 He that walks righteously, and speaks uprightly; he that despises …

hath executed

Leviticus 19:15,35 You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: you shall not respect …

Deuteronomy 1:16,17 And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between …

Deuteronomy 16:18-20 Judges and officers shall you make you in all your gates, which the …

Job 29:7-17 When I went out to the gate through the city, when I prepared my …

Proverbs 31:8,9 Open your mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed …

Isaiah 1:17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the …

Jeremiah 22:15,16 Shall you reign, because you close yourself in cedar? did not your …

Zechariah 7:9,10 Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and …

Zechariah 8:16 These are the things that you shall do; Speak you every man the truth …

(8) Given forth upon usury.--In Scripture usury does not mean excessive interest, as often in modern legislation, but any interest at all. This was strictly forbidden in the law to be taken of any Hebrew, though allowed, without limit as to amount, from foreigners. It had nothing to do with the regulation of commercial transactions, but was simply a law of kindness to a fellow member of the same household of faith in a primitive state of society. The Israelite was to lend freely to his impoverished neighbour to assist him, but without any expectation of gain for himself.

Executed true judgment.--This applies, of course, especially and directly to judicial sentences, but extends also to all cases in which one is brought to intervene in any way in transactions between others. What is required is absolute fairness, truthfulness, and integrity in the constant transactions of man with man.

Verse 8. - He that hath not given forth his money upon usury. The word "usury," we must remember, is used, not, as with us, for exorbitant interest above the market rate, but for interest of any kind. This was allowed in commercial dealings with foreigners (Deuteronomy 23:20), but was altogether forbidden in the case of loans to Israelites (Exodus 22:25; Leviticus 25:35, 37; Deuteronomy 23:19: Isaiah 24:2). The principle implied in this distinction was that, although it was, on strict principles of justice, allowable to charge for the use of money, as for the use of lands or the hire of cattle, Israel, as a people, was under the higher law of brotherhood. If money was to be lent at all, it was to be lent as to a brother in went (Matthew 5:42; Luke 6:35), for the relief of his necessities, and not to make profit. A brother who would not help a brother by a loan without interest was thought unworthy of the name. The ideal of the social polity of Israel was that it was to consist of a population of small freeholders, bound together by ties of mutual help - a national friendly society, rather than of traders and manufacturers; and hence the whole drift of its legislation tended to repress the money making spirit which afterwards became specially characteristic of its people, and ate like a canker into its life. The distinction between the two words seems to be that "usury" represents any interest on money; and "increase," any profit on the sale of goods beyond the cost of production, as measured by the maintenance of the worker and his family. To buy in the cheapest market and sell in the dearest was not to be the rule in a nation of brothers, and it was wiser to forbid it altogether rather than to sanction what we call a "reasonable rate" of interest or profit. Hath executed true judgment. The last special feature in the description of the righteous man is that he is free from the judicial corruption which has always been the ineradicable evil of Eastern social life (1 Samuel 8:3; 1 Samuel 12:3; Amos 5:12; Isaiah 33:15). He that hath not given forth upon usury,.... Money, victuals, or any other thing, which was forbidden the Jews to take of their brethren, though they might of strangers, Deuteronomy 23:19;

neither hath taken any increase: or interest; or rather something over and above the interest money or use, as a gratuity for lending it upon the said interest:

that hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity; not only that now mentioned, but all others; who, having inadvertently engaged in that which is sinful, as soon as it appears to him to be so, gets out of it, and abstains from it as soon as possible:

hath executed true judgment between man and man; whether in office as a judge, who sits on the bench for that purpose; or as an arbitrator chosen to decide matters in controversy between one man and another, and that does everything just and right between man and man. 8. usury—literally, "biting." The law forbade the Jew to take interest from brethren but permitted him to do so from a foreigner (Ex 22:25; De 23:19, 20; Ne 5:7; Ps 15:5). The letter of the law was restricted to the Jewish polity, and is not binding now; and indeed the principle of taking interest was even then sanctioned, by its being allowed in the case of a foreigner. The spirit of the law still binds us, that we are not to take advantage of our neighbor's necessities to enrich ourselves, but be satisfied with moderate, or even no, interest, in the case of the needy.

increase—in the case of other kinds of wealth; as "usury" refers to money (Le 25:36).

withdrawn … hand, etc.—Where he has the opportunity and might find a plausible plea for promoting his own gain at the cost of a wrong to his neighbor, he keeps back his hand from what selfishness prompts.

judgment—justice.18:1-20 The soul that sinneth it shall die. As to eternity, every man was, is, and will be dealt with, as his conduct shows him to have been under the old covenant of works, or the new covenant of grace. Whatever outward sufferings come upon men through the sins of others, they deserve for their own sins all they suffer; and the Lord overrules every event for the eternal good of believers. All souls are in the hand of the great Creator: he will deal with them in justice or mercy; nor will any perish for the sins of another, who is not in some sense worthy of death for his own. We all have sinned, and our souls must be lost, if God deal with us according to his holy law; but we are invited to come to Christ. If a man who had shown his faith by his works, had a wicked son, whose character and conduct were the reverse of his parent's, could it be expected he should escape the Divine vengeance on account of his father's piety? Surely not. And should a wicked man have a son who walked before God as righteous, this man would not perish for his father's sins. If the son was not free from evils in this life, still he should be partaker of salvation. The question here is not about the meritorious ground of justification, but about the Lord's dealings with the righteous and the wicked.
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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 18:8 He who has not given forth (Ezek. Eze Ezk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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