Proverbs 28:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Whoever increases wealth by taking interest or profit from the poor amasses it for another, who will be kind to the poor.

New Living Translation
Income from charging high interest rates will end up in the pocket of someone who is kind to the poor.

English Standard Version
Whoever multiplies his wealth by interest and profit gathers it for him who is generous to the poor.

New American Standard Bible
He who increases his wealth by interest and usury Gathers it for him who is gracious to the poor.

King James Bible
He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Whoever increases his wealth through excessive interest collects it for one who is kind to the poor.

International Standard Version
Whoever gains wealth by charging exorbitant interest collects it for someone who is kind to the poor.

NET Bible
The one who increases his wealth by increasing interest gathers it for someone who is gracious to the needy.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He that increases his property by contract and from usury will leave it to him that shows mercy upon the poor.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Whoever becomes wealthy through [unfair] loans and interest collects them for the one who is kind to the poor.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.

King James 2000 Bible
He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.

American King James Version
He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.

American Standard Version
He that augmenteth his substance by interest and increase, Gathereth it for him that hath pity on the poor.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that heapeth together riches by usury and loan, gathereth them for him that will be bountiful to the poor.

Darby Bible Translation
He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance gathereth it for him that is gracious to the poor.

English Revised Version
He that augmenteth his substance by usury and increase, gathereth it for him that hath pity on the poor.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.

World English Bible
He who increases his wealth by excessive interest gathers it for one who has pity on the poor.

Young's Literal Translation
Whoso is multiplying his wealth by biting and usury, For one favouring the poor doth gather it.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

28:1 Sin makes men cowards. Whatever difficulties the righteous meet in the way of duty, they are not daunted. 2. National sins disturb the public repose. 3. If needy persons get opportunities of oppressing, their extortion will be more severe than that of the more wealthy. 4. Wicked people strengthen one another in wicked ways. 5. If a man seeks the Lord, it is a good sign that he understands much, and it is a good means of understanding more. 6. An honest, godly, poor man, is better than a wicked, ungodly, rich man; has more comfort in himself, and is a greater blessing to the world. 7. Companions of riotous men not only grieve their parents, but shame them. 8. That which is ill got, though it may increase much, will not last long. Thus the poor are repaid, and God is glorified. 9. The sinner at whose prayers God is angry, is one who obstinately refuses to obey God's commands. 10. The success of ungodly men is their own misery. 11. Rich men are so flattered, that they think themselves superior to others. 12. There is glory in the land when the righteous have liberty. 13. It is folly to indulge sin, and excuse it. He who covers his sins, shall not have any true peace. He who humbly confesses his sins, with true repentance and faith, shall find mercy from God. The Son of God is our great atonement. Under a deep sense of our guilt and danger, we may claim salvation from that mercy which reigns through righteousness unto eternal life, by Jesus Christ our Lord. 14. There is a fear which causes happiness. Faith and love will deliver from the fear of eternal misery; but we should always fear offending God, and fear sinning against him. 15. A wicked ruler, whatever we may call him, this scripture calls a roaring lion, and a ranging bear. 16. Oppressors want understanding; they do not consult their own honour, ease, and safety. 17. The murderer shall be haunted with terrors. None shall desire to save him from deserved punishment, nor pity him.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 8. - He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance. "Usury" (neshek) is interest on money lent taken in money; "unjust gain" (tarbith) is interest taken in kind, as if a man, having lent a bushel of corn, exacted two bushels in return. All such transactions were forbidden by the Law of Moses, at any rate between Israelites (see Leviticus 25:36, 37, "Thou shalt not give thy brother thy money upon usury (neshek), nor lend him thy victuals for increase [marbith, equivalent to tarbith, which is used in ver. 36] "). Septuagint, Μετὰ τόκων καὶ πλεονασμῶν, "With interest and usury." (For censure of usury, see Psalm 109:11; Ezekiel 18:13; and, contrast Psalm 15:5; Ezekiel 18:8.) He shall gather it for him that will pity the poor. He shall never enjoy it himself, and shall fall into the hands of one who will hake a better use of it (see on Proverbs 22:16; and comp Proverbs 13:22; Job 27:16, etc.). In our Lord's parable the pound is taken from one who made no good use of it and is given to a more profitable servant (Luke 19:24).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance,.... By biting and oppressing the poor; letting him have money at an exorbitant interest, and goods at an exorbitant price, and so increases his substance in this scandalous manner; hence usury is in Leviticus 25:36, called "increase", and by the Greeks a "birth", because money is the birth of money, as Aristotle (e) observes; and so by the Latins "foenus", as if it was "foetus" (f), "a birth". The word for usury here signifies biting; and so usury, with classical writers (g), is said to bite; and while it increases the substance of the usurer, it lessens and devours that of others;

he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor; not for himself, nor for his posterity; but for such, though not intentionally but eventually, as will make a good use of it, and distribute it to the necessities of the poor. The meaning is, that things should be so overruled by the providence of God, that what such an avaricious man gets in his dishonest way should not be enjoyed by him or his; but should be taken out of his hands, and put into the hands of another, that will do good with it, by showing mercy to the poor; see Job 27:16.

(e) Politic. l. 1. c. 10. (f) A. Gell. Noct. Attic. l. 16. c. 12. (g) Plauti Pseudolos, Acts 4. Sc. 7. v. 23, 24. "Habet argentum jam admordere hune mihi lubet", Lucan. l. 1. v. 131. "Vorax usura."

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

8. usury … unjust gain—(Compare Margin). The two terms, meaning nearly the same, may denote excessive interest. God's providence directs the proper use of wealth.

Proverbs 28:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Righteous are as Bold as a Lion
7He who keeps the law is a discerning son, But he who is a companion of gluttons humiliates his father. 8He who increases his wealth by interest and usury Gathers it for him who is gracious to the poor. 9He who turns away his ear from listening to the law, Even his prayer is an abomination.…
Cross References
Exodus 22:25
"If you lend money to one of my people among you who is needy, do not treat it like a business deal; charge no interest.

Leviticus 25:36
Do not take interest or any profit from them, but fear your God, so that they may continue to live among you.

Job 27:17
what he lays up the righteous will wear, and the innocent will divide his silver.

Psalm 72:13
He will take pity on the weak and the needy and save the needy from death.

Proverbs 13:22
A good person leaves an inheritance for their children's children, but a sinner's wealth is stored up for the righteous.

Proverbs 14:21
It is a sin to despise one's neighbor, but blessed is the one who is kind to the needy.

Proverbs 14:31
Whoever oppresses the poor shows contempt for their Maker, but whoever is kind to the needy honors God.
Treasury of Scripture

He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.

that by

Proverbs 13:22 A good man leaves an inheritance to his children's children: and …

Job 27:16,17 Though he heap up silver as the dust, and prepare raiment as the clay…

Ecclesiastes 2:26 For God gives to a man that is good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, …

unjust gain or by increase

Leviticus 25:36 Take you no usury of him, or increase: but fear your God; that your …

Ezekiel 18:8,13,17 He that has not given forth on usury, neither has taken any increase, …

pity

Proverbs 19:7 All the brothers of the poor do hate him: how much more do his friends …

2 Samuel 12:6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, …

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