Micah 6:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He has shown you, O mortal, what is good. And what does the LORD require of you? To act justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with your God.

New Living Translation
No, O people, the LORD has told you what is good, and this is what he requires of you: to do what is right, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God.

English Standard Version
He has told you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?

New American Standard Bible
He has told you, O man, what is good; And what does the LORD require of you But to do justice, to love kindness, And to walk humbly with your God?

King James Bible
He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Mankind, He has told you what is good and what it is the LORD requires of you: to act justly, to love faithfulness, and to walk humbly with your God.

International Standard Version
He has made it clear to you, mortal man, what is good and what the LORD is requiring from you— to act with justice, to treasure the LORD's gracious love, and to walk humbly in the company of your God.

NET Bible
He has told you, O man, what is good, and what the LORD really wants from you: He wants you to promote justice, to be faithful, and to live obediently before your God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You mortals, the LORD has told you what is good. This is what the LORD requires from you: to do what is right, to love mercy, and to live humbly with your God.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He has declared unto thee, O man, what is good and what the LORD requires of thee: only to do right judgment, and to love mercy, and to humble thyself to walk with thy God.

King James 2000 Bible
He has showed you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require of you, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God?

American King James Version
He has showed you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require of you, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God?

American Standard Version
He hath showed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth Jehovah require of thee, but to do justly, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with thy God?

Douay-Rheims Bible
I will shew thee, O man, what is good, and what the Lord requireth of thee: Verily, to do judgment, and to love mercy, and to walk solicitous with thy God.

Darby Bible Translation
He hath shewn thee, O man, what is good: and what doth Jehovah require of thee, but to do justly, and to love goodness, and to walk humbly with thy God?

English Revised Version
He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?

Webster's Bible Translation
He hath shown thee, O man, what is good; and what the LORD doth require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?

World English Bible
He has shown you, O man, what is good. What does Yahweh require of you, but to act justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God?

Young's Literal Translation
He hath declared to thee, O man, what is good; Yea, what is Jehovah requiring of thee, Except -- to do judgment, and love kindness, And lowly to walk with thy God?
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

6:6-8 These verses seem to contain the substance of Balak's consultation with Balaam how to obtain the favour of Israel's God. Deep conviction of guilt and wrath will put men upon careful inquiries after peace and pardon, and then there begins to be some ground for hope of them. In order to God's being pleased with us, our care must be for an interest in the atonement of Christ, and that the sin by which we displease him may be taken away. What will be a satisfaction to God's justice? In whose name must we come, as we have nothing to plead as our own? In what righteousness shall we appear before him? The proposals betray ignorance, though they show zeal. They offer that which is very rich and costly. Those who are fully convinced of sin, and of their misery and danger by reason of it, would give all the world, if they had it, for peace and pardon. Yet they do not offer aright. The sacrifices had value from their reference to Christ; it was impossible that the blood of bulls and goats should take away sin. And all proposals of peace, except those according to the gospel, are absurd. They could not answer the demands of Divine justice, nor satisfy the wrong done to the honour of God by sin, nor would they serve at all in place of holiness of the heart and reformation of the life. Men will part with any thing rather than their sins; but they part with nothing so as to be accepted of God, unless they do part with their sins. Moral duties are commanded because they are good for man. In keeping God's commandments there is a great reward, as well as after keeping them. God has not only made it known, but made it plain. The good which God requires of us is, not the paying a price for the pardon of sin and acceptance with God, but love to himself; and what is there unreasonable, or hard, in this? Every thought within us must be brought down, to be brought into obedience to God, if we would walk comfortably with him. We must do this as penitent sinners, in dependence on the Redeemer and his atonement. Blessed be the Lord that he is ever ready to give his grace to the humble, waiting penitent.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 8. - The prophet answers in his own person the questions in vers. 6 and 7, by showing the worthlessness of outward observances when the moral precepts and not observed. He hath showed thee; literally, one has told thee, or, it has been told thee, i.e. by Moses and in the Law (Deuteronomy 10:12, etc.). Septuagint, Αἰ ἀνηγγέλη σοι,"Hath it not been told thee?" What doth the Lord require of thee? The prophets often enforce the truth that the principles of righteous conduct are required from men, and not mere formal worship. This might well be a comfort to the Israelites when they heard that they were doomed to be cast out of their country, and that the temple was to be destroyed, and that the ritual on which they laid such stress would for a time become impracticable. So the inculcation of moral virtues is often connected with the prediction of woe or captivity. (For the prophetic view of the paramount importance of righteousness, see 1 Samuel 15:22; Psalm 40:6, etc.: 1. 8, etc.; Isaiah 1:11-17; Jeremiah 6:20; Hosea 6:6, etc.; see on Zechariah 7:7.) To do justly. To act equitably, to hurt nobody by word or deed, which was the exact contrary of the conduct previously mentioned (Micah 2:1, 2, 8; Micah 3:2, etc.). To love mercy. To be guided in conduct to others by loving kindness. These two rules contain the whole duty to the neighbour. Compare Christ's description of genuine religion (Matthew 23:23). To walk humbly with thy God. This precept comprises man's duty to God, humility and obedience. "To walk" is an expression implying "to live and act" as the patriarchs are said to have "walked with God," denoting that they lived as consciously under his eye and referred all their actions to him. Humility is greatly enforced in the Scriptures (see e.g. Isaiah 2:11, etc.). Septuagint, ἕτοιμον εϊναι τοῦ πορεύεσθαι μετὰ Κυρίου, "to be ready to walk with the Lord;" Vulgate, Solicitum ambulare cum Deo; Syriac, "Be prepared to follow thy God." But our version is doubtless correct.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He hath showed me, O man, what is good,.... This is not the answer of the prophet to the body of the people, or to any and every one of the people of Israel; but of Balaam to Balak, a single man, that consulted with him, and put questions to him; particularly what he should do to please the Lord, and what righteousness he required of him, that would be acceptable to him; and though he was a king, he was but a man, and he would have him know it that he was no more, and as such addresses him; and especially when he is informing him of his duty to God; which lay not in such things as he had proposed, but in doing that which was good, and avoiding that which was evil, in a moral sense: and this the Lord had shown him by the light of nature; which is no other than the work of the law of God written in the hearts of the Heathens, by which they are directed to do the good commanded in the law, and to shun the evil forbidden by it; see Romans 2:14;

and what doth the Lord require of thee but to do justly; or "judgment" (e); to exercise public judgment and justice, as a king, among his subjects; to do private and personal justice between man and man; to hurt no man's person, property, and character; to give to everyone their due, and do as he would desire to be done by; which as it is agreeable to the law of God, so to the light of nature, and what is shown, required, and taught by it:

and to love mercy; not only to show mercy to miserable objects, to persons in distress; to relieve the poor and indigent; to clothe the naked, and feed the hungry; but to delight in such exercises; and which a king especially should do, whose throne is established by mercy, and who is able, and should be munificent; and some Heathen princes, by their liberality, have gained the name of benefactors, "Euergetes", as one of the Ptolemies did; see Luke 22:25; such advice Daniel gave to Nebuchadnezzar, a Heathen prince, as agreeable to the light of nature; see Daniel 4:27;

and to walk humbly with thy God? his Creator and Benefactor, from whom he had his being, and all the blessings of life, and was dependent upon him; and therefore, as a creature, should behave with humility towards his Creator, acknowledging his distance from him, and the obligations he lay under to him; and even though a king, yet his God and Creator was above him, King of kings, and Lord of lords, to whom he owed his crown, sceptre, and kingdom, and was accountable to him for all his administrations: and this "walking humbly" is opposed to "walking in pride", which kings are apt to do; but God can humble them, and bring them low, as Heathen kings have been obliged to own; see Daniel 2:21.

(e) "judicium", V. L. Munster; "jus", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

8. He—Jehovah.

hath showed thee—long ago, so that thou needest not ask the question as if thou hadst never heard (Mic 6:6; compare De 10:12; 30:11-14).

what is good—"the good things to come" under Messiah, of which "the law had the shadow." The Mosaic sacrifices were but suggestive foreshadowings of His better sacrifice (Heb 9:23; 10:1). To have this "good" first "showed," or revealed by the Spirit, is the only basis for the superstructure of the moral requirements which follow. Thus the way was prepared for the Gospel. The banishment of the Jews from Palestine is designed to preclude the possibility of their looking to the Mosaic rites for redemption, and shuts them up to Messiah.

justly … mercy—preferred by God to sacrifices. For the latter being positive ordinances, are only means designed with a view to the former, which being moral duties are the ends, and of everlasting obligation (1Sa 15:22; Ho 6:6; 12:6; Am 5:22, 24). Two duties towards man are specified—justice, or strict equity; and mercy, or a kindly abatement of what we might justly demand, and a hearty desire to do good to others.

to walk humbly with thy God—passive and active obedience towards God. The three moral duties here are summed up by our Lord (Mt 23:23), "judgment, mercy, and faith" (in Lu 11:42, "the love of God"). Compare Jas 1:27. To walk with God implies constant prayer and watchfulness, familiar yet "humble" converse with God (Ge 5:24; 17:1).

Micah 6:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Case against Israel
7Does the LORD take delight in thousands of rams, In ten thousand rivers of oil? Shall I present my firstborn for my rebellious acts, The fruit of my body for the sin of my soul? 8He has told you, O man, what is good; And what does the LORD require of you But to do justice, to love kindness, And to walk humbly with your God?
Cross References
Luke 12:14
Jesus replied, "Man, who appointed me a judge or an arbiter between you?"

Genesis 5:22
After he became the father of Methuselah, Enoch walked faithfully with God 300 years and had other sons and daughters.

Deuteronomy 10:12
And now, Israel, what does the LORD your God ask of you but to fear the LORD your God, to walk in obedience to him, to love him, to serve the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul,

Deuteronomy 30:15
See, I set before you today life and prosperity, death and destruction.

Proverbs 21:3
To do what is right and just is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice.

Ecclesiastes 12:13
Now all has been heard; here is the conclusion of the matter: Fear God and keep his commandments, for this is the duty of all mankind.

Isaiah 56:1
This is what the LORD says: "Maintain justice and do what is right, for my salvation is close at hand and my righteousness will soon be revealed.

Isaiah 57:15
For this is what the high and exalted One says-- he who lives forever, whose name is holy: "I live in a high and holy place, but also with the one who is contrite and lowly in spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly and to revive the heart of the contrite.

Isaiah 66:2
Has not my hand made all these things, and so they came into being?" declares the LORD. "These are the ones I look on with favor: those who are humble and contrite in spirit, and who tremble at my word.

Jeremiah 22:3
This is what the LORD says: Do what is just and right. Rescue from the hand of the oppressor the one who has been robbed. Do no wrong or violence to the foreigner, the fatherless or the widow, and do not shed innocent blood in this place.

Ezekiel 33:14
And if I say to a wicked person, 'You will surely die,' but they then turn away from their sin and do what is just and right--

Hosea 6:6
For I desire mercy, not sacrifice, and acknowledgment of God rather than burnt offerings.

Hosea 12:6
But you must return to your God; maintain love and justice, and wait for your God always.

Amos 5:24
But let justice roll on like a river, righteousness like a never-failing stream!

Micah 6:9
Listen! The LORD is calling to the city-- and to fear your name is wisdom-- "Heed the rod and the One who appointed it.

Zechariah 7:9
"This is what the LORD Almighty said: 'Administer true justice; show mercy and compassion to one another.
Treasury of Scripture

He has showed you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require of you, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God?

O man.

Romans 9:20 No but, O man, who are you that reply against God? Shall the thing …

1 Corinthians 7:16 For what know you, O wife, whether you shall save your husband? …

James 2:20 But will you know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?

what is.

1 Samuel 12:23 Moreover as for me, God forbid that I should sin against the LORD …

Nehemiah 9:13 You came down also on mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, …

Psalm 73:28 But it is good for me to draw near to God: I have put my trust in …

Lamentations 3:26 It is good that a man should both hope and quietly wait for the salvation …

Luke 10:42 But one thing is needful: and Mary has chosen that good part, which …

Romans 7:16 If then I do that which I would not, I consent to the law that it is good.

2 Thessalonians 2:16 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which …

and what.

Deuteronomy 10:12,13 And now, Israel, what does the LORD your God require of you, but …

to do.

Genesis 18:19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household …

1 Samuel 15:22 And Samuel said, Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings …

Proverbs 21:3 To do justice and judgment is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice.

Ecclesiastes 12:13 Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep …

Isaiah 1:16-19 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before …

Isaiah 58:6-11 Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, …

Jeremiah 7:3-6 Thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, Amend your ways and …

Hosea 6:6 For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God …

Hosea 12:6 Therefore turn you to your God: keep mercy and judgment and wait …

Amos 5:24 But let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.

Zephaniah 2:3 Seek you the LORD, all you meek of the earth, which have worked his …

Matthew 3:8-10 Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance…

Mark 12:30-34 And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with …

Luke 11:42 But woe to you, Pharisees! for you tithe mint and rue and all manner …

Titus 2:11,12 For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men…

2 Peter 1:5-8 And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; …

love.

Psalm 37:26 He is ever merciful, and lends; and his seed is blessed.

Psalm 112:4,9 To the upright there rises light in the darkness: he is gracious, …

Isaiah 57:1,2 The righteous perishes, and no man lays it to heart: and merciful …

Matthew 5:7 Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.

Matthew 18:32-35 Then his lord, after that he had called him, said to him, O you wicked …

Luke 6:36 Be you therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.

Ephesians 4:32 And be you kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, …

Colossians 3:12 Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels …

1 Peter 3:8 Finally, be you all of one mind, having compassion one of another, …

walk humbly. Heb. humble thyself to walk.

Genesis 5:22 And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred …

Leviticus 26:41 And that I also have walked contrary to them, and have brought them …

2 Chronicles 30:11 Nevertheless divers of Asher and Manasseh and of Zebulun humbled …

2 Chronicles 32:26 Notwithstanding Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, …

2 Chronicles 33:12,13,19,23 And when he was in affliction, he sought the LORD his God, and humbled …

2 Chronicles 34:27 Because your heart was tender, and you did humble yourself before …

Isaiah 57:15 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose …

Isaiah 66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have …

Ezekiel 16:63 That you may remember, and be confounded, and never open your mouth …

Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honor the King of heaven, …

Matthew 5:3 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Luke 18:13-17 And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as …

Romans 10:1-3 Brothers, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that …

James 4:6-10 But he gives more grace. Why he said, God resists the proud, but …

1 Peter 5:5,6 Likewise, you younger, submit yourselves to the elder. Yes, all of …

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