Proverbs 29:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When the righteous thrive, the people rejoice; when the wicked rule, the people groan.

New Living Translation
When the godly are in authority, the people rejoice. But when the wicked are in power, they groan.

English Standard Version
When the righteous increase, the people rejoice, but when the wicked rule, the people groan.

New American Standard Bible
When the righteous increase, the people rejoice, But when a wicked man rules, people groan.

King James Bible
When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the righteous flourish, the people rejoice, but when the wicked rule, people groan.

International Standard Version
As the righteous grow powerful, people rejoice; but when the wicked rule, people groan.

NET Bible
When the righteous become numerous, the people rejoice; when the wicked rule, the people groan.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
By the multitude of the righteous, the people increase, and by the authority of the evil, the people will groan.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When righteous people increase, the people [of God] rejoice, but when a wicked person rules, everybody groans.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice, but when the wicked bear rule, the people mourn.

King James 2000 Bible
When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked bears rule, the people mourn.

American King James Version
When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked bears rule, the people mourn.

American Standard Version
When the righteous are increased, the people rejoice; But when a wicked man beareth rule, the people sigh.

Douay-Rheims Bible
When just men increase, the people shall rejoice: when the wicked shall bear rule, the people shall mourn.

Darby Bible Translation
When the righteous increase, the people rejoice; but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.

English Revised Version
When the righteous are increased, the people rejoice: but when a wicked man beareth rule, the people sigh.

Webster's Bible Translation
When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.

World English Bible
When the righteous thrive, the people rejoice; but when the wicked rule, the people groan.

Young's Literal Translation
In the multiplying of the righteous the people rejoice, And in the ruling of the wicked the people sigh.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

29:1 If God wounds, who can heal? The word of God warns all to flee from the wrath to come, to the hope set before us in Jesus Christ. 2. The people have cause to rejoice or mourn, as their rulers are righteous or wicked. 3. Divine wisdom best keeps us from ruinous lusts. 4. The Lord Jesus is the King who will minister true judgment to the people. 5. Flatterers put men off their guard, which betrays them into foolish conduct. 6. Transgressions always end in vexations. Righteous men walk at liberty, and walk in safety. 7. This verse is applicable to compassion for the distress of the poor, and the unfeeling disregard shown by the wicked. 8. The scornful mock at things sacred and serious. Men who promote religion, which is true wisdom, turn away the wrath of God. 9. If a wise man dispute with a conceited wrangler, he will be treated with anger or ridicule; and no good is done. 10. Christ told his disciples that they should be hated of all men. The just, whom the blood-thirsty hate, gladly do any thing for their salvation.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - When the righteous are in authority; rather, as in Proverbs 28:28, when the righteous are increased; Vulgate, in multiplicatione justorum. When sinners are put away, and the righteous are in the majority. Septuagint, "when the just are commended." When good men give the tone to society and conduct all affairs according to their own high standard, the peoople rejoice; there is general happiness; prosperity abounds, and voices ring cheerfully (Proverbs 11:10; Proverbs 28:12). When the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn; they suffer violence and injustice, and have bitter cause for complaint and lamentation. This proverb is not applicable to the age of Solomon.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

When the righteous are in authority,.... Or "are increased" (g); either in number or in riches, or in power and dominion; are set in high places, and have the exercise of civil government and the execution of the laws in their hands; for the protection of good men in their civil and religious privileges, and for the punishment of evil men; for the encouraging of all that is good, and for the discouraging of everything that is bad;

the people rejoice; the whole body of the people, because of the public good; a state is happy under such an administration; everyone feels and enjoys the advantage of it; see 1 Kings 4:20;

but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn; or "groan" (h), or "will groan", under their tyranny and oppression, and because of the sad state of things; the number of good men is lessened, being cut off, or obliged to flee; wicked men and wickedness are encouraged and promoted; heavy taxes are laid upon them, and exorbitant demands made and cruelty, injustice, and arbitrary power exercised; and no man's person and property safe; see Proverbs 10:11.

(g) "cum augentur", Junius & Tremellius; "cum multiplicati fuerit, vel multiplicantur", Vatablus, Baynus, Cocceius, Michaelis; "in multiplicari justos", Montanus. (h) "gemet", Pagninus, Montanus, V. L. "gemit", Michaelis; "ingemiscit", Schultens; so the Tugurine version, Mercerus; "suspirat", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Cocceius.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. (Compare Pr 11:10; 28:28).

in authority—(Compare Margin), increased in power.

Proverbs 29:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Stiff-Necked will Be Destroyed
1A man who hardens his neck after much reproof Will suddenly be broken beyond remedy. 2When the righteous increase, the people rejoice, But when a wicked man rules, people groan. 3A man who loves wisdom makes his father glad, But he who keeps company with harlots wastes his wealth.…
Cross References
Esther 8:15
When Mordecai left the king's presence, he was wearing royal garments of blue and white, a large crown of gold and a purple robe of fine linen. And the city of Susa held a joyous celebration.

Job 34:30
to keep the godless from ruling, from laying snares for the people.

Proverbs 11:10
When the righteous prosper, the city rejoices; when the wicked perish, there are shouts of joy.

Proverbs 28:12
When the righteous triumph, there is great elation; but when the wicked rise to power, people go into hiding.

Proverbs 28:15
Like a roaring lion or a charging bear is a wicked ruler over a helpless people.

Ecclesiastes 10:6
Fools are put in many high positions, while the rich occupy the low ones.
Treasury of Scripture

When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked bears rule, the people mourn.

the righteous

Proverbs 11:10 When it goes well with the righteous, the city rejoices: and when …

Proverbs 28:12,28 When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory: but when the …

Esther 8:15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel …

Psalm 72:1-7 Give the king your judgments, O God, and your righteousness to the king's son…

Isaiah 32:1,2 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule …

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David …

Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying…

in authority or when the wicked

Proverbs 3:15 She is more precious than rubies: and all the things you can desire …

Ecclesiastes 10:5 There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, as an error which …

Matthew 2:3,16 When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and …

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