New International Version
Like a city whose walls are broken through is a person who lacks self-control.
New Living Translation
A person without self-control is like a city with broken-down walls.
English Standard Version
A man without self-control is like a city broken into and left without walls.
New American Standard Bible
Like a city that is broken into and without walls Is a man who has no control over his spirit.
King James Bible
He that hath no rule over his own spirit is like a city that is broken down, and without walls.
Holman Christian Standard Bible
A man who does not control his temper is like a city whose wall is broken down.
International Standard Version
Like a city with breached walls is a man without self-control.
Like a city that is broken down and without a wall, so is a person who cannot control his temper.
Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Like a city breach without a wall, so is an impatient man.
GOD'S WORD® Translation
[Like] a city broken into [and] left without a wall, [so] is a person who lacks self-control.
JPS Tanakh 1917
Like a city broken down and without a wall, So is he whose spirit is without restraint.
New American Standard 1977
Like a city that is broken into and without walls
Is a man who has no control over his spirit.
Parallel CommentariesMatthew Henry's Concise Commentary
25:19. Confidence in an unfaithful man is painful and vexatious; when we put any stress on him, he not only fails, but makes us feel for it. 20. We take a wrong course if we think to relieve those in sorrow by endeavouring to make them merry. 21,22. The precept to love even our enemies is an Old Testament commandment. Our Saviour has shown his own great example in loving us when we were enemies. 23. Slanders would not be so readily spoken, if they were not readily heard. Sin, if it receives any check, becomes cowardly. 24. It is better to be alone, than to be joined to one who is a hinderance to the comfort of life. 25. Heaven is a country afar off; how refreshing is good news from thence, in the everlasting gospel, which signifies glad tidings, and in the witness of the Spirit with our spirits that we are God's children! 26. When the righteous are led into sin, it is as hurtful as if the public fountains were poisoned. 27. We must be, through grace, dead to the pleasures of sense, and also to the praises of men. 28. The man who has no command over his anger, is easily robbed of peace. Let us give up ourselves to the Lord, and pray him to put his Spirit within us, and cause us to walk in his statutes.
Verse 28 - A proverb like the last, concerned with self-control. In the Hebrew it runs thus (see on Ver. 11): A city that is broken down without wall - a man on whose spirit is no restraint. "A city broken down" is explained by the next words. "without wall," and therefore undefended and open to' the first invader (comp. 2 Chronicles 32:5; Nehemiah 2:13). To such a city is compared the man who puts no restraint on his passions, desires, and affections; he is always in danger of being carried away by them and involved in sin and destruction; he has no defence when temptation assaults him, having lost self-control (comp. Proverbs 16:32). The old gnomes hold always true -
Θυμοῦ κρατῆσαι κἀπιθυμίας καλόν.
Desire and passion it is good to rule."
Ταμιεῖον ἀρετῆς ἐστι σωφροσύνη μόνη
"Virtue's true storehouse is wise self-control." A Chinese maxim says. "Who can govern himself is fit to govern the world." Septuagint, "As a city whose wails are broken down and which is unwalled, so is a man who does aught without counsel." St. Jerome, by the addition of the words, in loquendo, applies the proverb to intemperance in language, "So is he who is not able to restrain his spirit in speaking." Commenting on this, St. Gregory ('Moral,' 7:59) says, "Because it is without the wall of silence, the city of the mind lies open to the darts of the enemy, and when it casts itself forth in words, it exhibits itself exposed to the adversary, and he gets the mastery of it without trouble, in proportion as the soul that he has to overcome combats against its own self by much talking" (Oxford transl.).
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible
He that hath no rule over his own spirit,.... His affections and passions, puts no restraint, unto them, as the word signifies; no guard against them, no fence about them, to curb his curiosity, to check his pride and vanity, to restrain his wrath and anger and revenge, and keep within due bounds his ambition and itch of vainglory;
is like a city that broken down and without walls; into which the may go with pleasure, and which is exposed to the rapine and violence of everyone; and so a man that has no command of himself and passions, but gives the reins to them, is exposed to the enemy of souls, Satan and is liable to every sin, snare and temptation.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
28. Such are exposed to the incursions of evil thoughts and successful temptations.
Proverbs 25:28 Additional Commentaries
More Proverbs of Solomon
…27It is not good to eat much honey, Nor is it glory to search out one's own glory. 28Like a city that is broken into and without walls Is a man who has no control over his spirit.
2 Chronicles 32:5
Then he worked hard repairing all the broken sections of the wall and building towers on it. He built another wall outside that one and reinforced the terraces of the City of David. He also made large numbers of weapons and shields.
They said to me, "Those who survived the exile and are back in the province are in great trouble and disgrace. The wall of Jerusalem is broken down, and its gates have been burned with fire."
Better a patient person than a warrior, one with self-control than one who takes a city.
Treasury of Scripture
He that has no rule over his own spirit is like a city that is broken down, and without walls.
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