Proverbs 22:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The rich rule over the poor, and the borrower is slave to the lender.

New Living Translation
Just as the rich rule the poor, so the borrower is servant to the lender.

English Standard Version
The rich rules over the poor, and the borrower is the slave of the lender.

New American Standard Bible
The rich rules over the poor, And the borrower becomes the lender's slave.

King James Bible
The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The rich rule over the poor, and the borrower is a slave to the lender.

International Standard Version
The wealthy rule over the poor, and anyone who borrows is a slave to the lender.

NET Bible
The rich rule over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
A rich man will be authorized by the poor and the Servant will lend to him who was his lender.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A rich person rules poor people, and a borrower is a slave to a lender.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The rich rules over the poor, and the borrower is slave to the lender.

King James 2000 Bible
The rich rules over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.

American King James Version
The rich rules over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.

American Standard Version
The rich ruleth over the poor; And the borrower is servant to the lender.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The rich ruleth over the poor: and the borrower is servant to him that lendeth.

Darby Bible Translation
The rich ruleth over the poor; and the borrower is servant to the lender.

English Revised Version
The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.

Webster's Bible Translation
The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.

World English Bible
The rich rule over the poor. The borrower is servant to the lender.

Young's Literal Translation
The rich over the poor ruleth, And a servant is the borrower to the lender.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

22:1 We should be more careful to do that by which we may get and keep a good name, than to raise or add unto a great estate. 2. Divine Providence has so ordered it, that some are rich, and others poor, but all are guilty before God; and at the throne of God's grace the poor are as welcome as the rich. 3. Faith foresees the evil coming upon sinners, and looks to Jesus Christ as the sure refuge from the storm. 4. Where the fear of God is, there will be humility. And much is to be enjoyed by it; spiritual riches, and eternal life at last. 5. The way of sin is vexatious and dangerous. But the way of duty is safe and easy. 6. Train children, not in the way they would go, that of their corrupt hearts, but in the way they should go; in which, if you love them, you would have them go. As soon as possible every child should be led to the knowledge of the Saviour. 7. This shows how important it is for every man to keep out of debt. As to the things of this life, there is a difference between the rich and the poor; but let the poor remember, it is the Lord that made the difference. 8. The power which many abuse, will soon fail them. 9. He that seeks to relieve the wants and miseries of others shall be blessed. 10. Profane scoffers and revilers disturb the peace. 11. God will be the Friend of a man in whose spirit there is no guile; this honour have all the saints. 12. God turns the counsels and designs of treacherous men to their own confusion. 13. The slothful man talks of a lion without, but considers not his real danger from the devil, that roaring lion within, and from his own slothfulness, which kills him. 14. The vile sin of licentiousness commonly besots the mind beyond recovery. 15. Sin is foolishness, it is in the heart, there is an inward inclination to sin: children bring it into the world with them; and it cleaves close to the soul. We all need to be corrected by our heavenly Father. 16. We are but stewards, and must distribute what God intrusts to our care, according to his will.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 7. - The rich ruleth over the poor. "The rich man (singular) will rule over the poor" (plural); for there are many poor for one rich (see on ver. 3). This is the way of the world (Proverbs 18:23). Aben Ezra explains the gnome as showing the advantage of wealth and the inconvenience of poverty; the former bringing power and pre-eminence, the latter trouble and servitude; and hence the moralist implies that every one should strive and labour to obtain a competency, and thus avoid the evils of impecuniosity. The borrower is servant to the lender. (For the relation between borrower and louder, or debtor and creditor, see on Proverbs 20:16; and comp. Matthew 18:25, 34.) Delitzsch cites the German saying, "Borghart (borrower) is Lehnhart's (leader's) servant." We have the proverb, "He that goes a-borrowing goes a-sorrowing." The Septuagint departs from the other versions and our Hebrew text, translating, "The rich will role over the poor, and household servants will lend to their own masters" - a reading on which some of the Fathers have commented.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The rich ruleth over the poor,.... Usurps a dominion over them, and exercises it in a rigorous, oppressive, and tyrannical manner; otherwise they are generally the rich that rule, and if they rule well, in a lawful, gentle, and righteous manner, it is commendable;

and the borrower is servant to the lender; being under obligation to him, he is forced to be subject to him, and comply with his humours, and do and say as he would have him; it was a happiness promised to the Israelites, that they should lend to many nations, but not borrow, Deuteronomy 15:6; compare with this Nehemiah 5:4.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

7. The influence of wealth sets aside moral distinctions is implied, and, of course, disapproved (compare Pr 19:6; 21:14, &c.).

Proverbs 22:7 Additional Commentaries
Context
A Good Name More Desirable than Riches
6Train up a child in the way he should go, Even when he is old he will not depart from it. 7The rich rules over the poor, And the borrower becomes the lender's slave. 8He who sows iniquity will reap vanity, And the rod of his fury will perish.…
Cross References
James 2:6
But you have dishonored the poor. Is it not the rich who are exploiting you? Are they not the ones who are dragging you into court?

Proverbs 18:23
The poor plead for mercy, but the rich answer harshly.
Treasury of Scripture

The rich rules over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.

rich

Proverbs 22:16,22 He that oppresses the poor to increase his riches, and he that gives …

Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker: but he that honors …

Proverbs 18:23 The poor uses entreaties; but the rich answers roughly.

Amos 2:6 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, …

Amos 4:1 Hear this word, you cows of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, …

Amos 5:11,12 For as much therefore as your treading is on the poor, and you take …

Amos 8:4,6 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor …

James 2:6 But you have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and …

James 5:1,4 Go to now, you rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall …

the borrower

2 Kings 4:1 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets …

Nehemiah 5:4,5 There were also that said, We have borrowed money for the king's …

Isaiah 24:2 And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with …

Matthew 18:25 But for as much as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be …

lender

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