Proverbs 28:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Like a roaring lion or a charging bear is a wicked ruler over a helpless people.

New Living Translation
A wicked ruler is as dangerous to the poor as a roaring lion or an attacking bear.

English Standard Version
Like a roaring lion or a charging bear is a wicked ruler over a poor people.

New American Standard Bible
Like a roaring lion and a rushing bear Is a wicked ruler over a poor people.

King James Bible
As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; so is a wicked ruler over the poor people.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A wicked ruler over a helpless people is like a roaring lion or a charging bear.

International Standard Version
A roaring lion and a charging bear— that's what a wicked tyrant is over poor people.

NET Bible
Like a roaring lion or a roving bear, so is a wicked ruler over a poor people.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The lion roars and the bear has given a sound because an evil one rules over poor people.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[Like] a roaring lion and a charging bear, [so] a wicked ruler is a threat to poor people.

Jubilee Bible 2000
As a roaring lion and a hungry bear, so is a wicked ruler over the poor people.

King James 2000 Bible
As a roaring lion, and a charging bear; so is a wicked ruler over the poor people.

American King James Version
As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; so is a wicked ruler over the poor people.

American Standard Version
As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear,'so is a wicked ruler over a poor people.

Douay-Rheims Bible
As a roaring lion, and a hungry bear, so is a wicked prince over the poor people.

Darby Bible Translation
A roaring lion, and a ranging bear, is a wicked ruler over a poor people.

English Revised Version
As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; so is a wicked ruler over a poor people.

Webster's Bible Translation
As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; so is a wicked ruler over the poor people.

World English Bible
As a roaring lion or a charging bear, so is a wicked ruler over helpless people.

Young's Literal Translation
A growling lion, and a ranging bear, Is the wicked ruler over a poor people.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

28:1 Sin makes men cowards. Whatever difficulties the righteous meet in the way of duty, they are not daunted. 2. National sins disturb the public repose. 3. If needy persons get opportunities of oppressing, their extortion will be more severe than that of the more wealthy. 4. Wicked people strengthen one another in wicked ways. 5. If a man seeks the Lord, it is a good sign that he understands much, and it is a good means of understanding more. 6. An honest, godly, poor man, is better than a wicked, ungodly, rich man; has more comfort in himself, and is a greater blessing to the world. 7. Companions of riotous men not only grieve their parents, but shame them. 8. That which is ill got, though it may increase much, will not last long. Thus the poor are repaid, and God is glorified. 9. The sinner at whose prayers God is angry, is one who obstinately refuses to obey God's commands. 10. The success of ungodly men is their own misery. 11. Rich men are so flattered, that they think themselves superior to others. 12. There is glory in the land when the righteous have liberty. 13. It is folly to indulge sin, and excuse it. He who covers his sins, shall not have any true peace. He who humbly confesses his sins, with true repentance and faith, shall find mercy from God. The Son of God is our great atonement. Under a deep sense of our guilt and danger, we may claim salvation from that mercy which reigns through righteousness unto eternal life, by Jesus Christ our Lord. 14. There is a fear which causes happiness. Faith and love will deliver from the fear of eternal misery; but we should always fear offending God, and fear sinning against him. 15. A wicked ruler, whatever we may call him, this scripture calls a roaring lion, and a ranging bear. 16. Oppressors want understanding; they do not consult their own honour, ease, and safety. 17. The murderer shall be haunted with terrors. None shall desire to save him from deserved punishment, nor pity him.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 15. - A wicked ruler over the poor people; a people weak and resourceless. To such a powerful tyrant is as fatal as a roaring lion or a hungry bear prowling in quest of food. The prophets compare evil rulers to ravenous lions (see Jeremiah 4:7; Ezekiel 19:6). They are like lions in strength and cruelty, like bears in craft and ferocity. Septuagint, "A hungry lion and a thirsty wolf is he, who, being poor, rules over an indigent nation." The poverty of the subjects embitters the conduct of the ruler.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear,.... Which are both terrible; the lion that roars for want of food, or when it is over its prey; and the hear, when it runs from place to place in quest of provision, being "hungry and very desirous" of food, has a keen appetite, as some think the word (l) signifies. The Targum and Jarchi take it to be expressive of the cry and roaring it makes at such a time, as well as the lion; see Isaiah 59:11; so the Tigurine version. "Roaring" is the proper epithet of a lion, and is frequently given it in Scripture, and in other writers (m); and the bear, it is to have its name, in the Oriental language, from the growling and murmuring noise it makes when hungry; hence that of Horace (n);

so is a wicked ruler over the poor people; one that rules over them in a tyrannical manner, sadly oppresses them, takes away the little from them they have, which is very cruel and barbarous; when he ought to protect and defend them, against whom they cannot stand, and whom they dare not resist; and who therefore must be as terrible to them, being as cruel and voracious as the above animals. Tyrants are frequently compared to lions, Jeremiah 4:7; and the man of sin, the wicked ruler and great oppressor of God's poor people, is compared to both; his feet are as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion, Revelation 13:2.

(l) "avidus", Pagninus, Montanus; "famelicus", Castalio, Schultens; "esuriens", V. L. Vatablus, Mercerus, Gejerus, Bochart; "adpetens", Michaelis. (m) "Leo fremit", Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 8. c. 16. "Spumat aper, fluit unda, fremit leo, sibilat anguis"; Licentius de Protheo. (n) "Nec vespertinus circumgemit ursus ovile", Epod. Ode 16. v. 51.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

15. The rapacity and cruelty of such beasts well represent some wicked men (compare Ps 7:2; 17:12).

Proverbs 28:15 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Righteous are as Bold as a Lion
14How blessed is the man who fears always, But he who hardens his heart will fall into calamity. 15Like a roaring lion and a rushing bear Is a wicked ruler over a poor people. 16A leader who is a great oppressor lacks understanding, But he who hates unjust gain will prolong his days.…
Cross References
Matthew 2:16
When Herod realized that he had been outwitted by the Magi, he was furious, and he gave orders to kill all the boys in Bethlehem and its vicinity who were two years old and under, in accordance with the time he had learned from the Magi.

1 Peter 5:8
Be alert and of sober mind. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour.

Exodus 1:14
They made their lives bitter with harsh labor in brick and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their harsh labor the Egyptians worked them ruthlessly.

Proverbs 19:12
A king's rage is like the roar of a lion, but his favor is like dew on the grass.

Proverbs 29:2
When the righteous thrive, the people rejoice; when the wicked rule, the people groan.
Treasury of Scripture

As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; so is a wicked ruler over the poor people.

a roaring

Proverbs 20:2 The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion: whoever provokes …

Hosea 5:11 Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly …

1 Peter 5:8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring …

a ranging

Proverbs 17:12 Let a bear robbed of her whelps meet a man, rather than a fool in his folly.

2 Kings 2:24 And he turned back, and looked on them, and cursed them in the name …

Hosea 13:8 I will meet them as a bear that is bereaved of her whelps, and will …

so

Exodus 1:14-16,22 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar, and …

1 Samuel 22:17-19 And the king said to the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and …

2 Kings 15:16 Then Menahem smote Tiphsah, and all that were therein, and the coasts …

2 Kings 21:16 Moreover Manasseh shed innocent blood very much, till he had filled …

Esther 3:6-10 And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for they had …

Matthew 2:16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding …

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