Hosea 5:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Ephraim is oppressed, trampled in judgment, intent on pursuing idols.

New Living Translation
The people of Israel will be crushed and broken by my judgment because they are determined to worship idols.

English Standard Version
Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, because he was determined to go after filth.

New American Standard Bible
Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, Because he was determined to follow man's command.

King James Bible
Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, for he is determined to follow what is worthless.

International Standard Version
Ephraim is crushed, broken by judgment, because he willingly pursued idols.

NET Bible
Ephraim will be oppressed, crushed under judgment, because he was determined to pursue worthless idols.

New Heart English Bible
Ephraim is oppressed, he is crushed in judgment; Because he is intent in his pursuit of idols.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Ephraim is oppressed-crushed by punishment, because its people are determined to chase idols.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Oppressed is Ephraim, crushed in his right; Because he willingly walked after filth.

New American Standard 1977
Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment,
            Because he was determined to follow man’s command.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment because he wanted to walk after commandments.

King James 2000 Bible
Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after a human commandment.

American King James Version
Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.

American Standard Version
Ephraim is oppressed, he is crushed in judgment; because he was content to walk after man's command.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Ephraim is under oppression, and broken in judgment: because he began to go after filthiness.

Darby Bible Translation
Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, because in selfwill he walked after the commandment [of man].

English Revised Version
Ephraim is oppressed, he is crushed in judgment; because he was content to walk after the command.

Webster's Bible Translation
Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.

World English Bible
Ephraim is oppressed, he is crushed in judgment; Because he is intent in his pursuit of idols.

Young's Literal Translation
Oppressed is Ephraim, broken in judgment, When he pleased he went after the command.
Study Bible
God's Judgment on Israel and Judah
10The princes of Judah have become like those who move a boundary; On them I will pour out My wrath like water. 11Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, Because he was determined to follow man's command. 12Therefore I am like a moth to Ephraim And like rottenness to the house of Judah.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:33
"A people whom you do not know shall eat up the produce of your ground and all your labors, and you will never be anything but oppressed and crushed continually.

Hosea 9:16
Ephraim is stricken, their root is dried up, They will bear no fruit. Even though they bear children, I will slay the precious ones of their womb.

Micah 6:16
"The statutes of Omri And all the works of the house of Ahab are observed; And in their devices you walk. Therefore I will give you up for destruction And your inhabitants for derision, And you will bear the reproach of My people."
Treasury of Scripture

Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.

oppressed.

Deuteronomy 28:33 The fruit of your land, and all your labors, shall a nation which …

2 Kings 15:16-20,29 Then Menahem smote Tiphsah, and all that were therein, and the coasts …

Amos 5:11,12 For as much therefore as your treading is on the poor, and you take …

he willingly.

1 Kings 12:26-33 And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the …

Micah 6:16 For the statutes of Omri are kept, and all the works of the house …

(11) Broken in judgment.--The Authorised version is probably right in this rendering, the phrase having reference to rights pertaining to individuals. Interpreters differ as to the rare word tsav, translated "commandment." It only occurs in one other place (Isaiah 28:10; Isaiah 28:13). Ewald regards it as meaning "wooden post," i.e., their idol, but this has no basis in Old Testament usage, though etymologically ingenious. The majority of Jewish and modern commentators take it as meaning the evil ordinance of Jeroboam, who demanded the reverence of his subjects for the calf-symbol of Jehovah. The LXX. had another text (shav instead of tsav), which they render "vanities," and are followed by the Targum and Syriac version. This is worthy of attention.

Willingly--i.e., "waywardly."

Verse 11. - Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment. The expression retsuts mishpat is

(1) by some explained, "crushed by the judgment," that is, of God, according to which mishpat would be the genitive of the agent as mukkeh Elohim. But "crushed of judgment" or in judgment is justly preferred by others, the genitive taking the place of the accusative. Again, though the combination of 'ashuq with rutsuts is frequent, occurring as early as Deuteronomy 28:33, the latter is the stronger term. The oppression is

(2) not that which their own kings and princes practiced upon their subjects, according to Aben Ezra, "Their kings oppressed and cheated them;" nor the injustice practiced by the people of Ephraim among themselves, as implied by the LXX., "Ephraim altogether prevailed against his adversary, he trod judgment underfoot." The reference

(3) is rather to Ephraim being oppressed and crushed in judgment by the heathen nations around; thus Rashi explains, "Oppressed is Ephraim ever by the hand of the heathen - chastised with chastisements;" so also Kimchi, "By the hand of the heathen who oppressed and crushed them through hard judgments." The construction is asyndetous, like Song of Solomon 2:11, "The rain is over, is gone." Because he willingly walked after the commandment. This clause assigns the reason of Ephraim's oppression. They evinced ready willing-hood in following

(1) the commandments of men instead of the commandments of God. Tsav is thus understood by Aben Ezra, and in like manner Ewald explains it to mean an arbitrary or self-imposed precept. The LXX.

(2) seem to have read שָׁו, equivalent to שָׁוְא, vanity, translating, "for he began to go after vanities (τῶν ματαίων);" which the Chaldee and Syriac fellow. But

(3) it is rather the commandment of Jeroboam about the worship of the calves which lay at the root of the nation's sin. It is welt explained by Kimchi: "Although the word 'Jeroboam' is wanting, so that he makes no mention of it after tsar, such is the scriptural usage in certain places, i.e. to omit a word where the sense is plain. For it was a well-known fact that in that generation they walked not after the commandment, but after that of Jeroboam; therefore he has abbreviated the word to indicate the worthlessness, and used tsav instead of mitsvah." Perhaps it may have the concrete sense of the object of idolatrous worship. Ephraim is oppressed, and broken in judgment,.... Here the prophet again returns to the ten tribes, who were oppressed and broken, either by their own judgments, as the Targum; by the tyranny of their kings, and the injustice of their judges, who looked only for the mammon of unrighteousness; or by the judgment of their enemies, the Assyrians, the taxes they laid upon them, the devastations they made among them, and by whom, at last, they were carried captive; or by the judgments of God upon them; for all the enemy did was by his permission, and according to his will:

because he willingly walked after the commandment; not after the commandment of God, but after the commandment of men, as Aben Ezra; or after the commandment of the prophets of Baal, as Jarchi; or after the commandment of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, as Kimchi, by worshipping the calves at Dan and Bethel he set up there. 11. broken in judgment—namely, the "judgment" of God on him (Ho 5:1).

walked after the commandment—Jeroboam's, to worship the calves (2Ki 10:28-33). Compare Mic 6:16, "the statutes of Omri," namely, idolatrous statutes. We ought to obey God rather than men (Ac 5:29). Jerome reads "filthiness." The Septuagint gives the sense, not the literal translation: "after vanities."5:8-15 The destruction of impenitent sinners is not mere talk, to frighten them, it is a sentence which will not be recalled. And it is a mercy that we have timely warning given us, that we may flee from the wrath to come. Compliance with the commandments of men, who thwart the commandments of God, ripens a people for ruin. The judgments of God are sometimes to a sinful people as a moth, and as rottenness, or as a worm; as these consume the clothes and the wood, so shall the judgments of God consume them. Silently, they shall think themselves safe and thriving, but when they look into their state, shall find themselves wasting and decaying. Slowly, for the Lord gives them space to repent. Many a nation; as well as many a person, dies of a consumption. Gradually, God comes upon sinners with lesser judgments, to prevent greater, if they will be wise, and take warning. When Israel and Judah found themselves in danger, they sought the protection of the Assyrians, but this only helped to make their wound the worse. They would be forced to apply to God. He will bring them home to himself, by afflictions. When men begin to complain more of their sins than of their afflictions, then there begins to be some hope of them; and when under the conviction of sin, and the corrections of the rod, we must seek the knowledge of God. Those who are led by severe trials to seek God earnestly and sincerely, will find him a present help and an effectual refuge; for with him is plenteous redemption for all who call upon him. There is solid peace, and there only, where God is.
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OT Prophets: Hosea 5:11 Ephraim is oppressed he is crushed (Ho Hs Hos.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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